Learning Styles And Preferences 2


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Learning Styles And Preferences 2

  1. 1. Learning Styles and Preferences Indicators of how learners perceive, interact with and respond to the learning environment, influenced by nature and nurture.
  2. 2. Visual Learners  They take information best with their eyes.  They love to watch someone else do something before they try it themselves.  They love color and are typically organized.  Visuals often maintain a neat appearance.  They will use visual language when they talk...“I seequot;....quot;Imaginequot;...quot;Look at this.quot;
  3. 3. Auditory Learners They use their ears to take in information. They love to listen to others and often like to talk a bit themselves. They need to talk with others to cement what they are learning and are easily distracted by noise in the learning environment. They use language like, quot;I hear what you're sayingquot;...quot;Listen to mequot;.
  4. 4. Kinesthetic Learners  They need to move their bodies to keep their brains fully functioning.  Most kids in a classroom are highly kinesthetic and have a hard time sitting and listening for long periods of time.  Use body shots and frequent state changes to keep them alert and to manage behavior.  They dress with comfort in mind (loose) and often use language like, quot;I feel tiredquot;...quot;Can I try that?quot;
  5. 5. Read/Write learners They prefer to read instructions from books Take notes Look words up in a dictionary Write essays They like to rewrite ideas Appropiate readings will fully enlighten the student
  6. 6. Some tips if you are… Visual Auditory Kinesthetic • Try using colour • Try studying with a • Try moving around notes. friend and when you are explaining to each studying at home. • Use different other what you coloured pens or • Make some jigsaw know about each highlighters. study cards when topic. you have to fit • Try different • Record your notes, questions and coloured paper. lie back in a answers together. • Draw pictures and comfortable spot • Try making up a diagrams or mind and try to listen to rhyme or a song to maps to help them. help you remember explain your notes. key points.
  7. 7. Cognitive styles • Also called « thinking style » • It is the way that learners think, process and remember information, to solve problems. • Cultural- conditioned preferences for congtitive strategies.
  8. 8. Field independent learners:  Are able to break up an organized visual field and keep part of it separate.  Excel at remembering names.  Understand visual cues and are better at math.  Prefer learning environments that require minimal interaction.  Enjoy discovery learning and individualized self-paced learning.
  9. 9. Field dependent learners: Are unable to separate figures from background. Excel at remembering faces. Have trouble understanding visual cues, for example, recognizing icons on a computer screen. Prefer well-structured learning environment with much positive feedback.
  10. 10. Tolerance of ambiguity A person who has a high tolerance of ambiguity can deal with uncertainty fairly comfortably; they don’t mind if a question has several possible answers. A person who has a low tolerance of ambiguity may become frustrated when a task presents unknown elements or seems ambiguous or difficult; they prefer questions to have one correct answer
  11. 11. Flexibility vs Inflexibility Persons who can easily find alternative solutions to a problem or can find a variety of answers to a question are characterized as flexible, while other posibilities, or who tend to think in terms of one « right » answer, would be characterized as inflexible in this dimension of cognitive style.
  12. 12. Impulsiveness vs Reflectiveness This style is concerned with the speed with which a person makes decisions. Impulsive individuals tend to produce quick answers (without thinking about them first), whereas reflective individuals prefer to take their time before deciding on an answer or making a choice.
  13. 13. Hemispherical Dominance • Movement of • Movement of the left hand the right hand • Spatial abilities • Speech • Creative • Language thought • Writing • Fantasy • Logic • Artistic abilities • Mathematics • Musical • Science abilities
  14. 14. Social Interaction Style Communicative Learning Style • Learners prefer a social approach to learning. • They need personal feedback and interaction, and learn well from discussion and group activities. • They thrive in a democratically run class
  15. 15. Authority-oriented learning style • Learners are said to be responsible and dependable. • They need structure and sequential progression. • They relate well to a traditional classroom. • They prefer the teacher as an authority figure. • They like to have clear instructions and to know exactly what they are doing. • They are comfortable with a consensus-building discussion.
  16. 16. Personality Factors • Isabel Mayers • Katherine Briggs Myers-Briggs indicator, based on Carl Jung’s work.
  17. 17. • People are different . • Each individual’s psychological preferences or ways that are typical or characteristic of that particular individual • They are eight psychological types: SENSING (OR CONCRETE-SEQUENTIAL ) • TYPE INTUITIVE TYPE • THINKING TYPE • FEELING TYPE • JUDGING (OR CLOSURE-ORIENTED) TYPE • PERCEIVING (OR OPEN-ENDED) TYPE • EXTROVERTS • INTROVERTS •
  18. 18. SELF-ESTEEM • General self-esteem. Stable Value that an individual places in a mature adult on himself • Situational self-esteem. Referes to one’s appraisals of oneself incertain life situations, such as social interaction, work, education , etc. Learning a foreign language • Task self-esteem relates to particular tasks within specific situations. One’s self-evaluation of a particular aspect
  19. 19. Building self-confidence • Inhibition • Risk taking • Anxiety • Language ego
  20. 20. Mental Abilities Multiple Intelligences