Student activism in Armenia


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Student activism in Armenia

  1. 1. 17th European Student Convention, Prague, Czech Republic <br />18 February 2009<br />Student activism in Armenia <br />
  2. 2. General overview ofRepublic of Armenia <br />Mountainous country in South Caucasus<br />Former republic of the Soviet Union <br /> with the population of 3,215,800 <br /> (Ethnic Armenians make up 97.9% of the population)<br />Higher education institutions are highly valued in Armenia <br />
  3. 3. Formation of Student Councils <br /><ul><li>1993-1995 The formation of SCs after the collapse of USSR
  4. 4. 1994-1998 Development of SCs
  5. 5. 1998 Creation of All-Armenian Youth Foundation (AAYF)
  6. 6. 2001-2005The politicization of SCs’ members
  7. 7. 2005-2006The leaders of SCs mainly became the members of political parties</li></li></ul><li>Student Councils today<br />There are SCs in all State Universities of Armenia<br />In some private HEIs students organizations do not exist<br />But….. many of them still have symbolic nature<br />
  8. 8. The elections of the members of SCs<br />The representatives of each academic group is elected by students of that group<br /> The heads of departments’ SCs are elected by the representatives of academic groups<br />The president, vice-president and presidency are elected in the general assembly of institution’s students<br />
  9. 9. Students’ participation in student organizations<br />Any student admitted to HEI has the right to elect and be elected as a member of the institution’s Student Council<br />
  10. 10. The main activities of Student councils<br />Advocacy of students’ interests and participation in the governance of the HEI<br />Addressing social problems<br />Organizing cultural, scientific and academic events<br />Organizing excursions and Sport events<br />Collaboration with other HEIs and organization of extra-curricular activities<br />
  11. 11. Students’ awareness about SC<br />
  12. 12. The main problems of students and student organizations<br /><ul><li>SCs do not have legal status
  13. 13. Most of the leaders and members of SCs are the political parties’ members
  14. 14. Mobility – problem for Armenian students </li></li></ul><li>Legal status of Student Councils<br />Student Councils and Student Scientific Associations are<br />Essentially non-governmental organizations<br />Not registered under a legal procedure <br />Do not have NGO status<br />
  15. 15. Legal status of Student Councils<br /> That’s why SCs and SSAs MAY NOT<br /><ul><li>Benefit from a number of rights and opportunities granted to them by law
  16. 16. Have a separate bank account</li></li></ul><li>Politicization of Student Councils<br />SCs’ leaders mainly develop their activities more in political area, than in student one<br />Result…<br />Former leaders of SCs mainly became deputy members of Parmalent<br />
  17. 17. Mobility of Armenian students<br /><ul><li>Geographical position
  18. 18. Information access
  19. 19. Absent of interests </li></li></ul><li>Neighbouring Countries of Armenia<br />
  20. 20. Student self-governance<br />The steps of development <br />1st step Only the head of the student organization was a member of the Scientific Council<br />2nd step A 15% quota on students’ participation in the highest administration body of the HEI<br />3rd step A minimum 25% quota on students’ participation in the highest administration body of the HEI(The Republic of Armenia Law on Higher and Post-Higher Education, 1988-2000)<br />
  21. 21. Student self-governance<br /> Prior to 2005, the representatives of students participated through the SC in the elections of various officials of the HEI, although their participation was often of a symbolic nature<br />Nowadays<br /> At the end of 2005, when the aforementioned laws were implemented, granting to students 25% of the seats in the governing councils of HEIs, the role and significance of SCs grew considerably<br />
  22. 22. All-Armenian youth foundation (AAYF)<br />Was created in 1998<br />Is non-profit, non-member organization<br />Is based on voluntary financial investments of its founders<br />Is aimed at the improvement of educational, scientific, cultural, social situation in Youth Field<br />It functions according to the principles of National, legislative and Right equality<br />During the whole period of its activity AAYF has implemented projects with total budget of 400 million AMD<br />
  23. 23. COOPERATION BETWEEN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS<br />The umbrella structure for youth NGOs, SCs, and youth wings of political parties is<br />NATIONAL YOUTH COUNCIL OF ARMENIA<br />
  24. 24. National youth council of Armenia<br />NYCA was established in 1997<br />NYCA unifies more than 60 organizations<br />NYCA is one of the biggest youth NGOs in the Republic of Armenia<br />But………<br />At the same time it unifies youth wings of political parties<br />
  25. 25. We hope for better future, because…<br />Internet tools for student activism are widely used now<br />There is group of enthusiastic students in every university, which are ready to act<br /><br />BEST WISHES<br />ZaruhiSurmenyan<br />Shushan Harutyunyan<br /><br />