Bsef2012 session3 agricultur_maddock

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NICHOLAS MADDOCK, Rural Development Policy Specialist, UNDP Europe and the CIS, Bratislava Regional Centre - Rural-urban migration and the movement of labour

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  • GENERAL INTRODUCTION
  •       1.4 billion 6 million 1 in 16; 1 in 3,800 20,000 172 Around 6,000
  • Bsef2012 session3 agricultur_maddock

    1. 1. Rural-urban migration and the movement of labour out of agriculture Threat or opportunity? Nick Maddock UNDP Regional Centre for Europe and the CIS
    2. 2. Ukraine population 1960: 53% rural 2010: 32% rural 
    3. 3. Agricultural labour force as % of Agriculture’s % contribution to total labour force GDPUkraine 16 8Poland 17 4Lithuania 14 4Hungary 5 4Slovakia 3 4Canada 2 2UK 1 1Netherlands 1 2
    4. 4.  Rising rural incomes in UkraineProportion of rural income spent on food: Ukraine 1999: 74% 2005: 60%
    5. 5. Rural-urban labour flows• Usually first move is to secondary town or city: not to the capital• Movement in response to available job or strong expectation of a job (first move to friends or relatives)• Rational (i.e. in receipt or expectation of higher wage rates)• Daily commuting common• Temporary or temporal relocation more common than permanent relocation of the entire family
    6. 6. Dynamic effects: linked rural-urban developmentIncreased demand from urban Rural households earn higher Increases demand for consumerareas incomes from production of goods from rural areas (from household goods higher earnings and remittances) Creation of non-farm jobs employment diversification (especially in small towns close to agricultural production areas)Absorbs rural surplus labour raises demand for agricultural boosts agricultural productivity produce and rural incomes

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