Domains, Registrars, Registries: Everything You Need To Know

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An overview of the domains, registrars, registries and other related bodies and how they interact

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Domains, Registrars, Registries: Everything You Need To Know

  1. 1. Domains, Registrars, Registries:Everything You Need To KnowMichele Neylon
  2. 2. Who am I?Michele Neylon- Founder / CEO Blacknight- Chair Registrar SGICANN, ASOP.eu, Eurid RegistrarAdvisory Board- http://mneylon.tel- @mneylon- http://michele.me/blog- On most other social networks ..
  3. 3. Let’s Talk about domains + IPs
  4. 4. What’s a domain?
  5. 5. What’s a domain?• http://www.blacknight.com– Blackight – the “string”• .com – the “extension”• www – an A record / sub-domain• http – the protocol, could be https (secure), FTP etc
  6. 6. Why Use A Domain?• Domain is easier to remember than an IP• 1 IP => many domains (possibly)• IPv4 192.168.0.1• IPv6 2a01:a8:201::220
  7. 7. 72 153 221 106
  8. 8. Another Real World Example173.194.45.67That’s google.com(but you knew that right?)
  9. 9. What about IPs?• “Governed” by RIRs• Regions: RIPE, AfrNIC, APNIC, ARIN,LACNIC• ISPs + hosting providers => LIR• Users get IPs from ISP
  10. 10. Which “Actors” Are Involved?
  11. 11. Which “Actors” Are Involved?• Registry eg. Verisign, AFNIC• Registrar eg., GoDaddy, OVH, Blacknight• (Reseller) – thousands of companies• Registrant – people who register domains – individuals& businesses & organisations (eg. Interpol)• Users – anyone using the ‘net
  12. 12. Confused yet?
  13. 13. Head Hurts?
  14. 14. What’s a registrar?• Company that sells / leases domain names• Contract with ICANN (http://www.icann.org)• Governed by the contract (RAA) + local law• Commercial entities – with different businessmodels– DNS services, Email services, Web hosting services& way more
  15. 15. What’s a reseller?
  16. 16. What’s a reseller?• Company that resells / leases domain names• NO Contract with ICANN(http://www.icann.org)• Commercial entities – with different businessmodels– DNS services, Email services, Web hosting services& way more
  17. 17. What’s ICANN?• Co-ordinator• Security / Stability• Oversight on Registrars AND Registries forgTLDs• NO oversight on country codes (cctlds) eg. .fror .ch
  18. 18. What’s the RAA?• Registrar Accreditation Agreement• Contract between ICANN & registrars• Current version is 2009 RAA• Small number of companies on 2001 version• New version – 2013 RAA expected later thisyear – possibly July (?)
  19. 19. How Do I Identify X?• “Whois”• DNS• Ask 
  20. 20. Whois• Whois domain.tld• Eg. Whois mneylon.com– Registrar– Registration data (registration / expiry)– Nameservers– Registrant OR proxy / privacy data
  21. 21. DNS• Where is the domain pointing?• Where is the “record” pointing? Ie. www.domain.tldcould be with Hoster X, but the mail (MX record) mightbe somewhere else• Tools like “dig”
  22. 22. Which “Actors” Are Involved?ICANNRegistrarRegistryResellerRegistrant
  23. 23. Too Simplistic?
  24. 24. Small Paws/Pause?
  25. 25. What about ccTLDs?
  26. 26. What about ccTLDs?• Governed (usually) by national law• NOT controlled by ICANN• *some* have contracts with registrars• *some* sell direct• *some* are good, *some* are bad• LACNIC / ICANN / CENTR – places / orgs where theymeet BUT they are NOT controlled
  27. 27. The Future?
  28. 28. The Future?
  29. 29. Anything else?
  30. 30. YAWN?
  31. 31. Questions?
  32. 32. Thank You …

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