Mind power and sports


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Along with physical strength the psychological strength helps a sports personality to get success. Psychological strength essential during the days of failure to maintain enthusiasm and inspiration to practice hard in future.

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Mind power and sports

  1. 1. Sports Wing, B.K. Academy, Gyan Sarovar, Mt Abu MIND POWER AND SPORTS
  2. 2. TWO HISTORIC SPORTING EVENTS BROUGHT POWER OF MIND TO THE ATTENTION OF THE WORLD. <ul><li>Roger Bannister, England </li></ul><ul><li>Prior to 6 May 1954, no one had ever run a mile in less than 4 minutes. Although many tried but nobody succeeded. This caused many experts to believe the barrier was physiological – that human bodies were not designed to run that fast. </li></ul><ul><li>What was even more astonishing than Roger Bannister’s historic run that broke the 4-minutes mile in 1954. Afterwards number of runners also broke the 4-minutes mile immediately. </li></ul><ul><li>As Bannister recalled, ‘Everyone used to think it was quite impossible, and beyond the reach of any runner’. Human physiology did not change, but the self-limiting belief that a 4-minutes mile was impossible to break was shattered. Such was the mind power at work . </li></ul>
  3. 3. Sir Roger Gilbert Bannister , (23 March 1929)
  4. 5. <ul><li>Vasily Alexeev, Russia </li></ul><ul><li>The other historic event involved a Russian weightlifter, Vasily Alexeev . </li></ul><ul><li>In 1970 he lifted 501 pounds (228 kgs) over his head. Prior to this lift, it was argued that it was a physiological impossibility to lift 500 pounds over one’s head. Soon after many other weightlifters duplicated Alexeev’s feat. </li></ul><ul><li>Why? Mind power. </li></ul>TWO HISTORIC SPORTING EVENTS BROUGHT POWER OF MIND TO THE ATTENTION OF THE WORLD.
  5. 6. WHAT IS MIND? ● It is the Greatest but least understood energy resource of the Universe. ● It is thought Generating Faculty of Human Being.
  6. 7. Mind Intellect Sanskars What is Mind ?
  8. 10. <ul><li>Every success starts in the mind. </li></ul>
  10. 12. ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER <ul><li>‘ The mind is a dynamo, a vital source of energy, you can harness it to give yourself unbelievable workouts and build the physique that lives up to your wildest expectations’. </li></ul>
  11. 13. PSYCHOLOGIST CHARLES GARFIELD <ul><li>‘ Great athletes acknowledge that 60 to 90 percent of success in sports is due to mental factors.’ </li></ul>
  12. 14. GYMNAST MARY LOU RETTON <ul><li>In 1984 Olympics, </li></ul><ul><li>gymnast Mary Lou Retton mentally rehearsed every move before winning the gold. </li></ul>
  13. 15. DIVER GREG LOUGANIS <ul><li>Greg Louganis, the world’s greatest diver, was known to visualize each dive, in precise detail, forty times before climbing the platform. </li></ul>
  14. 16. MICHAEL JORDAN <ul><li>Michael Jordan imagined winning each of his NBA championship. </li></ul>
  15. 17. TOP ATHLETES VIEW <ul><li>Top athletes freely admit that 60 – 90 % of their success is due to mastering the mental side of sports. </li></ul><ul><li>In fact many top athletes regularly engage in mental training programs. </li></ul>
  16. 18. CREATIVE VISUALIZATION <ul><li>Creative visualization is the ability to use the imagination, </li></ul><ul><li>1. See images in our minds and make them come true. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Add concentration and feelings, it becomes a great creative power that makes things happen. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Our thoughts and feelings, and the pictures we carry in our mind, control our life. </li></ul>
  17. 19. <ul><li>Creative Visualization is distinguished from normal daydreaming in that Creative Visualization is done in the first person and the present tense – as if the visualized scene were unfolding all around you; whereas normal daydreaming is done in the third person and the future tense – the “you” of the daydream is a puppet with the real “you” watching from afar. </li></ul>CREATIVE VISUALIZATION
  18. 20. <ul><li>Russian scientists compared four groups of Olympic athletes in terms of their training schedules: </li></ul><ul><li>Group 1: 100% physical training; </li></ul><ul><li>Group 2: 75% physical with 25% mental training; </li></ul><ul><li>Group 3: 50% physical with 50% mental training; </li></ul><ul><li>Group 4: 25% physical with 75% mental training. </li></ul>CREATIVE VISUALIZATION
  19. 21. <ul><li>Group 4, with 75% of their time devoted to mental training, performed the best. &quot;The Soviets had discovered that mental images can act as a prelude To muscular impulses. </li></ul>CREATIVE VISUALIZATION
  20. 22. QUOTE <ul><li>If you can imagine it, you can achieve it . </li></ul><ul><li>William Arthur Ward </li></ul>
  21. 23. CREATIVE VISUALIZATION MENTAL EXERCISE <ul><li>When I have to confront some unpleasant situation, then </li></ul><ul><li>I visualize myself handling the matter easily and comfortably. </li></ul><ul><li>I see the involved people as cooperative and friendly. </li></ul>
  22. 24. QUOTE <ul><li>When you're in a hole, stop digging. </li></ul>
  23. 25. CREATIVE VISUALIZATION <ul><li>We are not employing magic or supernatural powers. </li></ul><ul><li>By changing our thoughts and mental pictures, we change our &quot;Reality&quot;; we change the &quot;illusory&quot; world we believe we live in. </li></ul><ul><li>It may take some time until things start to change and time limit depends upon one’s power of visualization. </li></ul>
  24. 26. GUIDELINES FOR CREATIVE VISUALIZATION <ul><li>Sit alone and Relax your body in the remembrance of GOD. </li></ul><ul><li>Think I am a powerful point of energy i.e. SOUL, sitting in the forehead, meditate. </li></ul><ul><li>Visualize the object or situation that you desire. </li></ul><ul><li>See in your mind a clear and detailed mental image of what you desire to get or accomplish. </li></ul><ul><li>Use in your imagination all the five senses, such as sight, hearing, touch, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Put feelings and emotions into what you are doing. </li></ul><ul><li>Practice at least twice a day i.e. morning and evening time, about 10 minutes each time. (At least 40 times, see the positive result you want) </li></ul><ul><li>Persevere in your action until you succeed. </li></ul><ul><li>Entertain only positive thoughts, feelings and words. </li></ul>
  25. 27. EXERCISE <ul><li>1 .For 3 minutes close your eyes, remember god & visualise you are a soul. </li></ul><ul><li>2 .Then Imagine you are in a game/competetion , you are playing the shots/ kicks ( in which you want to improve) in a stadium, with spectators around. </li></ul><ul><li>3 . Add feeling of touch, hear. </li></ul><ul><li>4 . You are giving the best, and finally win the game/ competetion. </li></ul>
  26. 28. IMAGE OF A GREAT PLAYER <ul><li>It is advisable to imagine in your mind a great player, somebody who really impressed you with a mastery of certain skills. Try &quot;to see in the mind,&quot; to use &quot;the mind's eye” to visualize how he plays, how he uses his </li></ul><ul><li>particular skills and fundamentals. </li></ul><ul><li>It is necessary to be able to see yourself playing like a great player confidently and effectively, and convincing yourself that you are the best </li></ul>
  27. 29. <ul><li>Use the power of imagination only for your and other’s good. </li></ul><ul><li>Never try to hurt with this power. </li></ul><ul><li>If we inflict harm, we receive it back. </li></ul>GUIDELINES FOR CREATIVE VISUALIZATION
  28. 30. QUOTE <ul><li>Great minds discuss ideas; Average minds discuss people; Small minds discuss problems. </li></ul>
  29. 31. STUDY OF MORAN IN 1996 <ul><li>A study conducted by Moran (1996) on coaches opinions about psychological techniques in sport, some of the conclusions included the following: </li></ul><ul><li>• 90 % of coaches interviewed believed strongly that mental skills were very important in determining success in competitive sport. </li></ul><ul><li>• 90 % of coaches interviewed reported that they devoted a period of time each week to analyze and discussion of mental skills. </li></ul>
  30. 32. <ul><li>Coaches reported that motivation, concentration, self-confidence, mental preparation, control of anxiety, control of anger and visualization were the most important mental skills in sport. </li></ul><ul><li>• Coaches reported that positive self-talk, imagery, setting performance goals, taking deep breaths and slowing down behavior were among the most useful psychological techniques in sport . </li></ul>STUDY OF MORAN IN 1996
  31. 33. <ul><li>When individuals actually perform an action (moving their fingers) and when they mentally imaging moving their fingers, activation is similarly detected in the supplementary motor area (SMA) and primary motor cortex (M1) </li></ul>BRAIN’S RESPONSE
  32. 34. GOOD HEALTH THROUGH MIND POWER <ul><li>Just as a magnet draws to itself iron filings so too, our good quality and focused thoughts will create a quality life. </li></ul><ul><li>If we think good health and with faith and belief embed this deeply within our minds over a sustained period of time, we will gradually create for ourselves situations and an environment, which will be conducive to good health. </li></ul><ul><li>Concentration aids you in drawing more of the life energy into your physical self and thereby raising your level of existence to higher layers of awareness. </li></ul>
  33. 35. <ul><li>Affirmations are positive statements that describe a desired situation, and which are repeated many times, </li></ul><ul><li>in order to impress the subconscious mind and trigger it into positive action. </li></ul>AFFIRMATION
  34. 36. AFFIRMATION <ul><li>It is advisable to repeat affirmations that are short and easy to remember. Repeat them while traveling in a bus or a train, waiting in line, walking etc, but do not affirm while driving or crossing a street. You may also repeat them in special sessions of 5-10 minutes each, several times a day. </li></ul><ul><li>The stronger the concentration, the more faith you have in what you are doing, the more feelings you put into the act, the stronger and faster will be the results. </li></ul><ul><li>Always affirm in the present tense, not the future tense. Saying, &quot;I will be rich&quot;, means that you intend to be rich one day, in the indefinite future, but not now. It is more effective to say, and also feel, &quot;I am rich now&quot;, and the subconscious mind will work overtime to make this happen now, in the present. </li></ul>
  35. 37. POSITIVE AFFIRMATIONS <ul><li>I am healthy and happy. </li></ul><ul><li>I am always on the path of success & victory. </li></ul><ul><li>I have a lot of energy. </li></ul><ul><li>My mind is calm. </li></ul><ul><li>I am calm and relaxed in every situation. </li></ul><ul><li>My thoughts are under my control. </li></ul><ul><li>I radiate happiness. </li></ul><ul><li>I have good relations with my captain & team mates. </li></ul><ul><li>I am successful in whatever I do. </li></ul><ul><li>Everything is getting better every day. </li></ul>
  36. 38. WHAT DO AFFIRMATIONS DO? <ul><li>They motivate. </li></ul><ul><li>They keep the mind focused on the goal. </li></ul><ul><li>They influence the subconscious mind, and activate its great power. </li></ul><ul><li>People sometimes intuitively perceive what you repeat in your mind, and for some reason or another help you make it come true. </li></ul><ul><li>They are positive statements. If repeated often, their accumulated power influences your inner and outer worlds. </li></ul><ul><li>They resemble a radio transmission that goes out to the ALL MIGHTY, calling it to help you achieve your goals. </li></ul>
  37. 39. USING YOUR VISION <ul><li>40% of your mind is used for vision, and by writing down your affirmations and leaving them in places where you can see them easily, it acts as a constant reinforcement and reminder. Leave these lists in areas where you are able to constantly look at them, such as on the refrigerator at home, or on your desk at work. </li></ul>
  38. 40. ALBERT RODIONOV <ul><li>Albert Rodionov has a master's degree in sports Psychology. He has been working with the Russia Men's and Women‘s National basketball teams as a psychologist since 1969 and is now the Chief of the Scientific Group </li></ul><ul><li>To create anything, players must first have a mental image conceived in their mind-this is true even of every invention created throughout history, and also true for basketball players trying to perfect their game. </li></ul>
  39. 41. ALBERT RODIONOV <ul><li>Players must first construct the shot-or move in their minds before they can expect the body to perform it properly. Visualization should be done daily 5 to 10-minutes . This way, a new program is created within the subconscious for the body to follow. The mental conditioning and visualization for a game can be divided into two different parts : </li></ul><ul><li>The day before the game and the </li></ul><ul><li>Moments right before the game . </li></ul>
  40. 42. MENTAL PREPARATION : WHAT TO DO 2-3 DAYS BEFORE A MATCH <ul><li>Routines usually becomes habits and once learnt they are very difficult to break. </li></ul><ul><li>Set aside 15-20 minutes in a quite place. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a pre-match plan that keeps the player focused. </li></ul><ul><li>Increase familiarity of situations.(see stadium actually, goal post/boundaries, your dress) . </li></ul><ul><li>Visualise GOD, then yourself in those dresses, stadium etc. Increase feelings of control and self-confidence. </li></ul><ul><li>Let the player to visualise to give their best effort, contributing to excellent coordination & victorty. </li></ul><ul><li>Increase feeling by hear, touch. </li></ul><ul><li>Minimise distractions and negative thoughts. </li></ul>
  41. 43. BEFORE THE GAME SELF-SUGGESTION <ul><li>Go for &quot;self-suggestion.&quot; You do this by repeating the phrase: &quot;I CAN!” </li></ul><ul><li>“ I AM VERY STRONG ” </li></ul><ul><li>“ EVERY THING (5 elements, my body, destiny) IS FAVOURING US/ME” </li></ul><ul><li>Visualise the act of shots/move ( difficult ones), when it actually comes to making those movements on the court, he will act and move just as he had imagined in his mind right before the beginning of the game. </li></ul>
  42. 44. DURING MATCH : CONCENTRATION <ul><li>Concentration is the ability to focus on match/practice for the duration of the match/practice. </li></ul><ul><li>Talk to the ball/shuttle telling it where you are going to hit it. Also Chant the points- </li></ul><ul><li>“ Ball/shuttle is coming to me.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Very good team coordination.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Every body is performing very good.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ We are very-strong.” </li></ul><ul><li>We are very-strong in every phase/all aspect of game.” </li></ul><ul><li>Never Get Angry/ disappointed. It Lowers energy level immediately & Weakens the mind power. </li></ul>
  43. 45. SOME POINTS FOR CHANTING <ul><li>I AM FULL OF ENERGY/SHAKTI/URJA. </li></ul><ul><li>I AM VERY POWERFUL. </li></ul><ul><li>I AM CONFIDENT. </li></ul><ul><li>I AM GIVING MY BEST PERFORMANCE. </li></ul>
  44. 46. MENTAL EXERCISE <ul><li>Chant these points in every game. </li></ul><ul><li>This will boost your energy level. </li></ul>
  45. 47. HOW DOES MEDITATION HELP SPORTS PERSONS? <ul><li>Regular meditation increases the power of visualisation and determination to keep persisting. </li></ul><ul><li>Mediation increases concentration. </li></ul><ul><li>Regular mediation helps you remain positive and optimistic. </li></ul><ul><li>Daily spiritual reading and contemplation gives you knowledge to handle things differently. </li></ul>
  46. 48. PHYSIOLOGICAL CHANGES AFTER MEDITATION B.M.R. O2 Consumption Vital Parameters (BP, H.R., Pulse, Resp.) Blood Lactate Levels Stress Hormones (Cortisol, Adrenaline)
  47. 49. PSYCHOLOGICAL CHANGES AFTER MEDITATION Awareness Perception Concentration Memory Power Stress Anger Anxiety Depression Feeling of Well-Being
  48. 50. BRAIN WAVES CHART (BATD) Sr. no Types of brain wave Frequency (cycles/sec) State in mind 1 Beta 14 – 18 Mind alert & awake ( Actively busy in worldly activities) 2 Alpha 9 – 13 Mind awake but relaxed, eyes closed 3 Theta 4 – 8 Drowsiness. Dream state, When we wake up, ( a state of reverie or mental image) 4 Delta 0.5 - 3 Deep sleep