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Housing And
Housing
Standards
Dr. Praseeda BK
Housing
- ” All places in which a group of people reside
and pursue their life goals”
- The size of settlement varies from...
Social Goals Of Housing-:
a) Shelter
b) Family Life
c) Access to community facilities
d) Family participation in community...
Criteria for healthful housing-:
• Provides physical protection and shelter
• Provides adequately for cooking,eating,washi...
• Is free from unsafe physical arrangements due to
construction or maintenance, and from toxic or
harmful materials
• Enco...
Housing Standard-:
• The standards in India
- Family income
- Family size and composition
- Standard of living, lifestyle
...
• Standard of housing varies from country to
country and from region to region.
• In short-there cannot be rigid, uniform
...
• Site-:
- Elevated from its surroundings
- Independent access to a street of adequate width
- Away from breeding places o...
• Set Back-: -
- It is the open space all around the house which allows
proper ventilation and lightening
- In rural areas...
• Floor-:
• -Should be Pucca and satisfy the following criteria-:
- should be impermeable
- must be smooth and free from c...
Walls
Reasonably strong
 Should have a low heat capacity
 Weather resistance
 Unsuitable for harbor of rats and vermin...
• Roof-:
-Should not be less than 10 feet (3 mtr) in the absence of
air-conditioning for comfort.
- should have a low heat...
• Rooms-:
- should not be less than two, atleast one of them
can be closed for security
- the other may be open on one sid...
Person per room
One room 2 persons
2 3
3 5
4 7
5 or more 10
Floor Area-:
- should be at least 120 sq ft for more than one
person and at least 100 sq ft for single person
- floor area...
• Cubic Space-:at least 500 c.ft per capita
preferably 1000 c.ft
110 sq.ft 2 person
90-100 one and half
70-90 One
50-70 Ha...
Windows
- Every living room should be provided with atleast
2 windows and one of them should open directly
on to an open s...
• Lighting-:the daylight factor should exceed 1 %
over half the floor area.
Kitchen-:
- Must have a separate kitchen
- Must be protected against dust and smoke
- adequately lighted
- provided with w...
• Privy-:
- A sanitary privy is a must for every house,
belonging exclusively to it and readily
accessible.
• Garbage and refuse-:
- Should be removed from the dwelling at least
daily
- disposed of in a sanitary manner
• Bathing and Washing-: house should have facility
for bathing and washing belonging exclusively to
it and providing prope...
RURAL HOUSING-:
Minimum standard suggested-:
- There should be at least two living rooms
- Ample verandah space may be pro...
• The house should be provided with a sanitary latrine
• The window area should be at least 10% of the floor area
• There ...
Housing and Health
• Respiratory Infection
• Skin infection
• Rat infestation
• Arthropods
• Accidents
• Morbidity and Mor...
Overcrowding
• It refers to the situation in which more people
and living within a single dwelling than there is
space for...
• Overcrowding is considered to exist if 2 person
over 9 years of age, not husband and wife , of
opposite sexes are oblige...
Indicators of Housing
• Physical
• Economical
• Social
Physical
• Air
• Light
• Water
• Noise
• Sewage disposal
Economic
• Cost of the building
• Rental levels
• Taxes
• Expenditure on housing
Social
• Indicators related to prevention of disease
• Indicators related to comfort
• Indicators related to mental health...
Indicators related to prevention of
disease
• frequency of Inadequate sewage and garbage collection
• Contaminated water s...
Indicators related to comfort
• Thermal comfort
• Acoustic comfort
• Visual comfort
• Spatial comfort
Indicators related to mental health and
social well- being
• Frequency of suicides in neighbourhood
• Neglected and abando...
• The Implementation of social goals in housing
• Govt. should-
- Introduce social housing schemes
- Establish both minimu...
Public Policy
• House site and construction assistance
• Indira Awas Yojna (IAY)-: Introduced in central sector
in 1985-86...
Thank you
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Housing standards

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Housing standards

  1. 1. Housing And Housing Standards Dr. Praseeda BK
  2. 2. Housing - ” All places in which a group of people reside and pursue their life goals” - The size of settlement varies from a single family to millions of people.
  3. 3. Social Goals Of Housing-: a) Shelter b) Family Life c) Access to community facilities d) Family participation in community life e) Economic Stability
  4. 4. Criteria for healthful housing-: • Provides physical protection and shelter • Provides adequately for cooking,eating,washing,and excretory functions • Is designed,constructed,mantained and used to prevent the spread of communicable diseases • Provides for protection from hazards of exposure to noise and pollution
  5. 5. • Is free from unsafe physical arrangements due to construction or maintenance, and from toxic or harmful materials • Encourages personal and community development, promotes social relationships ,reflects a regard for ecological principles and finally promotes mental health
  6. 6. Housing Standard-: • The standards in India - Family income - Family size and composition - Standard of living, lifestyle - Stage in life cycle - Education and cultural factors
  7. 7. • Standard of housing varies from country to country and from region to region. • In short-there cannot be rigid, uniform standards
  8. 8. • Site-: - Elevated from its surroundings - Independent access to a street of adequate width - Away from breeding places of mosquito and flies - Away from nuisances such as dust,smoke,smell,excessive noise, and traffic. - should be in pleasant surrounding - soil should be dry and safe for founding the structure and should be well drained.
  9. 9. • Set Back-: - - It is the open space all around the house which allows proper ventilation and lightening - In rural areas - should not exceed one third of total area. - In urban areas- allowed upto two-third of total area. - The set back should be such that there is no obstruction of lighting and ventilation.
  10. 10. • Floor-: • -Should be Pucca and satisfy the following criteria-: - should be impermeable - must be smooth and free from cracks and crevices - it should be damp-proof - the height of the plinth should be 2-3 feet(0.6 t o 1 mtr)
  11. 11. Walls Reasonably strong  Should have a low heat capacity  Weather resistance  Unsuitable for harbor of rats and vermin  Not easily damaged  Sooth ( 9 inch brick with wall plastered smooth and colored cream or white)
  12. 12. • Roof-: -Should not be less than 10 feet (3 mtr) in the absence of air-conditioning for comfort. - should have a low heat transmittance co-efficient
  13. 13. • Rooms-: - should not be less than two, atleast one of them can be closed for security - the other may be open on one side if that side is a private courtyard - No. should be increased as per the family members
  14. 14. Person per room One room 2 persons 2 3 3 5 4 7 5 or more 10
  15. 15. Floor Area-: - should be at least 120 sq ft for more than one person and at least 100 sq ft for single person - floor area per person should not be less than 50 sq mtr
  16. 16. • Cubic Space-:at least 500 c.ft per capita preferably 1000 c.ft 110 sq.ft 2 person 90-100 one and half 70-90 One 50-70 Half (children between 1-10 years) Under 50 Nill
  17. 17. Windows - Every living room should be provided with atleast 2 windows and one of them should open directly on to an open space - the windows should be placed at a height of more than 3 feet(1 m) above the ground in living rooms - windows area should be 1/5th of the floor area doors and windows combined should have 2/5th the floor area.
  18. 18. • Lighting-:the daylight factor should exceed 1 % over half the floor area.
  19. 19. Kitchen-: - Must have a separate kitchen - Must be protected against dust and smoke - adequately lighted - provided with water supply - provided with a sink for washing utensils - fitted with arrangements for proper drainage
  20. 20. • Privy-: - A sanitary privy is a must for every house, belonging exclusively to it and readily accessible.
  21. 21. • Garbage and refuse-: - Should be removed from the dwelling at least daily - disposed of in a sanitary manner
  22. 22. • Bathing and Washing-: house should have facility for bathing and washing belonging exclusively to it and providing proper privacy • Water Supply-: House should have a safe and adequate water supply available at all times.
  23. 23. RURAL HOUSING-: Minimum standard suggested-: - There should be at least two living rooms - Ample verandah space may be provided - The build-up area should not exceed one-third of total area - There should be a separate kitchen with a paved sink or platform for washing utensils
  24. 24. • The house should be provided with a sanitary latrine • The window area should be at least 10% of the floor area • There should be a sanitary well or a tube well within a quarter of a ample from the house • It is insanitary to keep cattle and livestock in dwelling house. • Cattle sheds should be at least 25 feet away from dwelling houses. • A cattle shed should be open on all sides an area 8ft×4ft is sufficient for each head of cattle • There should be adequate arrangement for the disposal of waste water, refuse and garbage.
  25. 25. Housing and Health • Respiratory Infection • Skin infection • Rat infestation • Arthropods • Accidents • Morbidity and Mortality • Psychological effects
  26. 26. Overcrowding • It refers to the situation in which more people and living within a single dwelling than there is space for, so that movement is restricted, privacy secluded, hygiene impossible, rest and sleep difficult. • It may promote the spread of respiratory infections such as TB,Influenza and Diphtheria.
  27. 27. • Overcrowding is considered to exist if 2 person over 9 years of age, not husband and wife , of opposite sexes are obliged to sleep in one room .
  28. 28. Indicators of Housing • Physical • Economical • Social
  29. 29. Physical • Air • Light • Water • Noise • Sewage disposal
  30. 30. Economic • Cost of the building • Rental levels • Taxes • Expenditure on housing
  31. 31. Social • Indicators related to prevention of disease • Indicators related to comfort • Indicators related to mental health and social well- being
  32. 32. Indicators related to prevention of disease • frequency of Inadequate sewage and garbage collection • Contaminated water source • Insect borne diseases • Overcrowding • Accidents • Proximity to animals • Assess to medical facility
  33. 33. Indicators related to comfort • Thermal comfort • Acoustic comfort • Visual comfort • Spatial comfort
  34. 34. Indicators related to mental health and social well- being • Frequency of suicides in neighbourhood • Neglected and abandoned youth in neighbourhood • Drug abuse in neighbourhood
  35. 35. • The Implementation of social goals in housing • Govt. should- - Introduce social housing schemes - Establish both minimum and maximum standard - Create financial and fiscal institutions geared to helping low income people obtain credit for building and improving their house.
  36. 36. Public Policy • House site and construction assistance • Indira Awas Yojna (IAY)-: Introduced in central sector in 1985-86 as part of the rural landless employment guarantee programme. -one room, one kitchen attached with latrine, bathroom and a smokeless chullah.
  37. 37. Thank you

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