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Module 1: Intro to Radio Basics -- for Trainers


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Module 1: Intro to Radio Basics -- for Trainers

  1. 1. ND Department of Emergency Services<br />Ensuring a safe and secure homeland <br />for all North Dakotans<br />
  2. 2. Basic Radio 101<br />An Emergency Responder’s Guide to Effective Radio Communication<br />
  3. 3. Communication is Important<br />Communicate effectively<br />Protect community<br />Save lives<br />
  4. 4. Purpose<br />Provide a common understanding of basic two-way radio knowledge and guidelines to enhance overall communication for all North Dakota emergency responders<br />
  5. 5. Overview of Training<br />Module 1: Introduction to Radio Basics<br />Module 2: Radio Protocol Guidelines<br />Module 3: Troubleshooting<br />Module 4: Local Perspective<br />
  6. 6. Introduction to Radio Basics<br />Getting to Know Your Radio and How to Use It Effectively<br />Module 1<br />
  7. 7. Radio Communication<br />Introduction to Radio Basics<br />
  8. 8. Walkie-talkies, Phones and Radios<br />
  9. 9. How It Works<br />Radio console<br />Base station<br />Tower/repeater<br />Mobile radio<br />Portable radio<br />
  10. 10. What’s a PSAP?<br />Public<br />Safety<br />Answering<br />Point<br />Emergency<br />911<br />
  11. 11. Base Station<br />Fixed radio station<br />Receives and transmits<br />NOT simultaneously<br /><br />
  12. 12. Mobile Radio<br />Mounted<br />Used in motion or stopped<br />
  13. 13. Portable Radio<br />Battery powered<br />Hand held<br />Carried by person<br />
  14. 14. Repeaters<br />Boost signal<br />Receive and transmit different frequencies simultaneously<br />
  15. 15. Towers<br />Reduce interference<br />Signal travels farther<br />
  16. 16. Anatomy of a Radio<br />Introduction to Radio Basics<br />
  17. 17. Power<br />Power “ON” and “OFF”<br />Different styles<br />Push button<br />Control knob<br />Turn off when changing batteries<br />
  18. 18. Squelch<br />Eliminates noise on analog radios<br />“Open” for white noise<br />“Close” to reduce noise<br />Separate knob or ring under volume knob<br />
  19. 19. Wait 2 seconds<br />Speak in normal voice<br />Incoming messages lost if PTT is activated<br />Push-to-Talk (PTT)<br />
  20. 20. Speaker & Mic<br />Speaker and mic together<br />Mic when PTT is pressed<br />Speaker when PTT is not in use<br />
  21. 21. Vertical for best reception<br />Not a handle<br />Antenna<br />
  22. 22. Batteries<br />When storing:<br />Turn off radio<br />Remove or replace with charged batteries<br />Have extra battery pack<br />
  23. 23. Programming the Radio<br />Introduction to Radio Basics<br />
  24. 24. Analog vs. Digital Signals<br />Digital<br />Analog<br />Signal unaltered<br />Heard simultaneously<br />Human voice is analog<br />Not continuous<br />Signal encoded<br />Converted back to plain audio<br />
  25. 25. Battle of the Bands<br />VHF<br />UHF<br />Ultra-high Frequency<br />450 MHz to 470 MHz<br />Very High Frequency<br />150 MHz to 170 MHz<br /><ul><li>Respond to and recover from:
  26. 26. ALL Hazards
  27. 27. ALL Disasters</li></li></ul><li>Push-button<br />Dial control<br />Automatic scanning<br />Channel Scanning<br />Channel/Mode<br />Select Knob<br />
  28. 28. Selecting Frequency<br />Channel/Mode<br />Name<br />One frequency at a time<br />Must be on same channel<br />Special-use frequencies<br />Channel/Mode<br />Select Knob<br />POL<br />DISP NW<br />MUTE<br />CALL<br />PAGE<br />
  29. 29. Introduction to Radio Basics<br />Review<br />General radio communication<br />Anatomy of a radio<br />Programming the radio<br />
  30. 30. ND Department of Emergency Services<br />Ensuring a safe and secure homeland <br />for all North Dakotans.<br /> <br />