Name: Merchant Marine 1. In wartime, who performs the heavy lift tasks required for support of our overseas forces?2. Up to the time of the Civil War (1850’s), the American Merchant Marine flourished, largely due to what ?3. When did the U.S. Merchant Marine fleet begin to decline?4. Name at least 4 reasons for the decline in the U.S. Merchant Marine fleet. 1- 2- 3- 4-5. By World war I, what percent of American trade was carried in ships flying the U.S. flag?6. How many Victory and Liberty ships were built during W.W. II?7. During W.W. II casualties among U.S. Merchant Marine forces were exceed only by which service?8. What was the most significant Act passed by the U.S. Congress in 1920 regarding the Merchant Marine?9. Which Merchant Marine Act specified that all domestic waterborne commerce between two points in the U.S. must be carried by U.S.—owned and operated vessels?10. Which Merchant Marine Act provided for the payment of construction and operating subsidies to operators of U.S. flag vessels designed to help them meet foreign competition?11. What is the basic method of moving vast quantities of primary products and manufactured trade goods?12. A ship that is U.S. owned and U.S. registered is called what?13. In 2000, what was the number 1 U.S port in terms of volume?14. Which two countries account for some 70 percent of the world shipbuilding market?15. Most of the shipbuilding yards in the U.S. specialize in the construction of type of vessel?16. Name 3 U.S. innovative success in Merchant Marine Ships ? 1- 2- 3- 4-17. How big is a Jumbo tanker?18. A passenger/cargo ferry with a stern door for truck, cars, and trailers is called what?
19. What type of ship makes up the largest segment of the active U.S. Merchant Marine?20. What is the primary advantage of the containership?21. Barge ships are designed to use the networks found in many parts of the world.22. What are the 5 ways the Merchant Marine contributes to the National defense? (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)23. When was the largest and fastest sealift in history?24. In time of general mobilization, who can requisition the entire U.S.-flag merchant fleet for defense Needs?25. Who is responsible for arranging for the ocean transport of all DoD war materiel and supplies?26. What are the three categories of MSC strategic sealift merchant ships? (1) (2) (3)27. Where are our Maritime Prepositioning Ships staged?28. A Fast Sealift Ship can normally begin to load troops in hour many hours after notification?29. Who does the Merchant-type ships maintained by the Maritime Administration (MARAD) belong to?30. What is the Sealift Readiness Program designed to do?31. Ships owned by U.S. citizens or corporations that are licensed by and fly the flags of other nations are called what?32. What are the three unique wartime military sealift requirements? 1- 2- 3-