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Rachelle Zoromski


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World War I Virtual Museum

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Rachelle Zoromski

  1. 1. Great War Museum Next Room
  2. 2. Causes of WWI Nationalism Imperialism Next Room
  3. 3. Trench Warfare Next Room
  4. 4. Why the U.S entered WWI Submarine Warfare Next Room
  5. 5. General Pershing U.S. in WWI Next Room
  6. 6. Nationalism • Nationalism – Pride in your country • Pan-German Movement – The hope to unite all German speaking people • Pan-Slavic Movement – The hope to unite all Slavic speaking people • Example: Bosnia-95% speak Slavic, yet it’s controlled by German speaking Austria.
  7. 7. Imperialism • Imperialism – Competing for Colonies • European nations were competing for land • They believed that “Bigger is better” • Example: Africa, Bosnia, Allsace &Lorraine
  8. 8. Militarism • Militarism – Building up the military • Military was built up for two reasons 1. Protect their colonies 2. Peer Pressure • They used a mandatory draft to accomplish this • Russia had the largest army, Germany had the best trained, and Britain had the largest navy
  9. 9. Alliances • Alliances – Forming partnerships with other nations • Central Powers: Germany, Austria, Ottoman Empire • Allies: Britain, France, Russia, U.S
  10. 10. Trench Warfare • To protect their positions and to cut down on losses both sides dug trenches • At night, supplies were brought in and scouts were sent out • At dawn/dusk attacks came: hit them with artillery and then go over the top – Went through barbwire, machinegun fire, craters • Problems in the trenches: mud, rats, smell, body rot, cold, maggots, diseases
  11. 11. Sinking of the Lusitania • Lusitania- a passenger ship that was secretly carrying ammunitions • A German submarine sunk the ship • 1,198 passengers died (128 were Americans) • President Wilson demanded that the Germans apologize and pay for the damages
  12. 12. Unrestricted Submarine Warfare • Sussex pledge – Germany promised not to sink merchant ships without first warning them & rescuing passengers • By 1917 Germany is defeating Russia on the Eastern front, they want a quick victory on the western front • To do this they use Unrestricted Submarine Warfare – Sinking all ships headed towards Allied Nations
  13. 13. Zimmerman Note • Zimmerman was a German official • He sent a letter to Mexico asking them to attack the United States • In exchange he promised that Germany would aid them in retrieving some of the land that we took from them.
  14. 14. U.S. in WWI • General Pershing led the U.S. troops • By 1917 Germany controlled: Belgium, Italy, & North France – Now Germany can concentrate on the western front • By July, 1918 the U.S. had 1 million troops in war
  15. 15. U.S. in WWI (cont.) • We cut off the German rail lines which supply their troops – We attack through the Argonne forest. It takes us 47 days & 1.2 million soldiers, but we cut off their supply • By October 1918 German lines are crumbling • In November the Allies have captured the high ground & Germany surrenders • The 11th hour, 11th day, 11th month in 1918 the war ends
  16. 16. Treaty of Versailles 1. Created new countries • Russia: Poland, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia • Austria-Hungary: Austria, Hungary, Czech, Yugoslavia • Ottoman Empire: Divided up between the Allies
  17. 17. Treaty of Versailles (Cont.) 1. Punished Germany • Must take full responsibility for the war • Pay for the war, $33 billion 2. Created the league of nations • Organization of countries designed to maintain peace and stability
  18. 18. Exit Treaty of Versailles