Nick Bessett


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World War I Virtual Museum

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Nick Bessett

  1. 1. WWI Museum This way to the next room
  2. 2. Causes of World War 1 Exit
  3. 3. Alliances The central powers consisted of Germany, Austria, and the Ottoman Empire. The Allies consisted of Great Britain, Russia. (and the U.S. in 1917)
  4. 4. Nationalism <ul><li>The Pan-German movement: Is the hope to unite all German speaking people. </li></ul><ul><li>The Pan-Slavic movement: Is the hope to unite all Slavic (Russian) speaking people. </li></ul><ul><li>Bosnia: 95% of people in Bosnia speak Slavic language. Yet it is controlled by German speaking Austria. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Imperialism <ul><li>European nations were competing for land </li></ul><ul><li>The believed that “Bigger is better” </li></ul>
  6. 6. Why the U.S. entered WWI
  7. 7. Why we Entered the War <ul><li>The first reason why we entered the war was because of the Lusitania was hit with a torpedo and was sunk. </li></ul><ul><li>-The Lusitania was a passenger ship that was secretly carrying ammunition. </li></ul><ul><li>-Nearly 2,000 passengers on board died. (128 of them were Americans) </li></ul><ul><li>- President Wilson demanded that the Germans must apologize and pay for the damages </li></ul>
  8. 8. Why we Entered the War <ul><li>The second reason why the U.S. entered the war is because of Unrestricted Submarine Warfare. </li></ul><ul><li>-Germany promised not to sink merchant ships without first warning them and rescuing passengers first. </li></ul><ul><li>-They were sinking all ships that were heading towards allied nations </li></ul>
  9. 9. Militarism
  10. 10. Militarism <ul><li>The military was built for two main reasons </li></ul><ul><li>1: To protect colonies </li></ul><ul><li>2: Peer pressure for neighboring countries </li></ul>
  11. 11. Russia, Germany, and Britain <ul><li>During WWI Russia had the biggest army out of every country that was fighting. </li></ul><ul><li>Also Germany had the best trained army of them all. So they had the best strategies out of all the countries. </li></ul><ul><li>But Britain had the biggest navy which caused some problems for countries that didn’t have a navy. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Trench Warfare
  13. 13. Why trenches were made <ul><li>To protect their positions & to cut down on losses both sides dug trenches </li></ul><ul><li>At night supplies were brought in & scouts were set out </li></ul>
  14. 14. No man’s land <ul><li>At dawn/ dusk attacks came. Hit them with artillery & then go over the top </li></ul><ul><li>Had to go through Barbwire, machine gun fire, craters, etc. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Problems in the trenches <ul><li>The problems in the trenches included: mud, rats, smell, dead bodies, rot, cold, staying dry, maggots, lice and disease </li></ul>
  16. 16. U.S. in WWI Back to Causes of WW1
  17. 17. U.S in the war <ul><li>By October, 1918 German lines are crumbling </li></ul><ul><li>In November the Allies have captured the high ground & Germany surrenders </li></ul><ul><li>The 11 th hour, the 11 th day of the 11 th month in 1918 the war ends </li></ul>
  18. 18. U.S in the war <ul><li>General Pershing led the U.S. troops in WWI </li></ul><ul><li>By 1917 Germany controlled: Belgium, Italy, & N. France </li></ul><ul><li>By 1918 Russia has a revolution & they drop out of the war. </li></ul><ul><li>-Now Germany can concentrate on the western front </li></ul><ul><li>By July, 1918 the U.S. have 1 million troops in the war </li></ul><ul><li>We cut off the German rail lines which supply their troops </li></ul><ul><li>-We attack through the Argonne Forest. It takes us 47 days & 1.2 million soldiers but we cut off their supply </li></ul>
  19. 19. Exit Click here to exit