Jorge Simon

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World War I Virtual Museum

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Jorge Simon

  1. 1. Why the U.S. entered WWI
  2. 2. Imperialism • European nations competing for colonies • “Bigger is better” • Areas of conflict- Africa, Bosnia, Alsace, Lorraine
  3. 3. Causes of WWI
  4. 4. Nationalism • Pan-German- wanted to reunite all German speaking people. • Pan-Slavic- wanted to unite all Slavic speaking people. • Conflict Example: Bosnia
  5. 5. Militarism • Militarism-Building up of the military – Built up for two reasons • Protect their colonies • Peer pressure • Used mandatory draft to get men • Russia has the largest army, Germany is the most trained, and great Britain has the largest navy
  6. 6. Trench Warfare • To protect their positions to cut down on losses, both sides dug trenches • At night supplies were brought in and scouts were sent out • At dawn/dusk attacks came: hit them with artillery and then go over the top – Had to go through barbed wire, machine guns, craters • Problems in the trenches were mud, rats, smell, body rot, cold, staying dry, maggots, lice, disease
  7. 7. Zimmerman’s Note • Zimmerman was a German official • He sends a message to Mexico saying to attack the united States. • In exchange he promised that Germany would aid them in retrieving some of the land that we took from them • The us intercepted the letter and we got really mad
  8. 8. Sinking of the Lusitania • It was a passenger ship that was secretly carrying ammunition. • A Germans U-boat sunk the ship • 1198 passengers died(128 were Americans) • President Wilson demanded that the Germans apologize and pay of the damages.
  9. 9. Unrestricted submarine warfare • Sussex pledge- Germans promised not to sink merchant ships without firs warning them and rescuing passenger • By 1917 Germany is defeating Russia on the eastern front, they want a quick victory on the western front.
  10. 10. U.S in WWI • General Pershing led the U.S. troops • By 1917 Germany controlled: Belgium, Italy and northern France • 1918 the U.S have 1 million troops in the war • We cut off the German rail lines which supply their troops – We attack through the Argonne forest. It takes us 47 days and 1.2 million soldier but we cut off their supply.
  11. 11. Continued • By October, 1918 German lines are crumbling • In November the allies have captured the high ground and Germany surrenders.
  12. 12. Treaty of Versailles 1. New nations created 1. Russia= Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia and Poland 2. Austria-Hungry= Austria, Hungry, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia 3. Ottoman Empire= Divided up to be controlled by the allies.
  13. 13. Germany’s Punishment • Germany must accept full responsibility for the war • Took away their colonies, coal field and the areas of Alsace and Lorraine • Greatly reduced Germany's armed forces • Forced them to pay 33 billion dollars to the allies – On able to pay 4.5 billion
  14. 14. The league of nations • An organization of nations established at the end of WWI to maintain world stability • The U.S. Did not join the league of nations. • This lead to WWII.

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