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Robotics

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Robotics - a WebQuest for middle school.

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Robotics

  1. 1. WebQuest MS207
  2. 2. Definition of Robotics • Robotics is the “interdisciplinary branch of engineering and science that includes mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, computer science, and others. • Robotics deals with the design, construction, operation, and use of robots, as well as computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information processing”. • -https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robotics
  3. 3. Leonardo da Vinci • Leonardo's robot (or Leonardo's mechanical knight) was a humanoid automaton designed and possibly constructed by Leonardo da Vinci around the year 1495. The robot knight could stand, sit, raise its visor and independently maneuver its arms, and had an anatomically correct jaw. The entire robotic system was operated by a series of pulleys and cables. • Model of Leonardo’s robot with inner workings.
  4. 4. Etymology of the word “Robot” • The word robotics was derived from the word robot, which was introduced to the public by Czech writer Karel Čapek in his play R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots) which was published in 1920. The word robot comes from the Slavic word robota, which means labour. The play begins in a factory that makes artificial people called robots, creatures who can be mistaken for humans – very similar to the modern ideas of androids.. • A scene from the play R.U.R. showing 3 robots.
  5. 5. The Engineering Design Process • The engineering design process is a series of steps that engineers follow to come up with a solution to a problem. • The steps of the engineering design process are to: • Define the Problem • Do Background Research • Specify Requirements • Brainstorm Solutions • Choose the Best Solution • Do Development Work • Build a Prototype • Test and Redesign
  6. 6. What is the Robotic Design Process? • Define the Problem • Researching & Design • Creating a Prototype • Building your Robot • Programming & Testing your Robot • Evaluating your Robot • http://www.galileo.org/ robotics/design.html
  7. 7. What does “autonomous” mean? • Autonomous robots can act on their own, independent of any controller. The basic idea is to program the robot to respond a certain way to outside stimuli. • The very simple bump-and-go robot is a good illustration of how this works. • This sort of robot has a bumper sensor to detect obstacles. When you turn the robot on, it zips along in a straight line. When it finally hits an obstacle, the impact pushes in its bumper sensor. The robot's programming tells it to back up, turn to the right and move forward again, in response to every bump. In this way, the robot changes direction any time it encounters an obstacle.
  8. 8. What is a “sensor”? • Robotic sensing is a sub area of robotics science intended to give robots sensing capabilities, so that robots are more human-like. Robotic sensing mainly gives robots the ability to see, touch, hear and move and uses algorithms that require environmental feedback.
  9. 9. Get to know your “Edison” V2.0 Robot • Edison can only store one program at a time • Edison’s open source programming tool is known as Edware,(similar to Scratch drag-and-drop programming language). • All users can upload programs to their Edison via their computer’s headphone jack and a cable that ships with the robots. • Edison is a palm-sized, bright orange, programmable robot compatible with Lego bricks that is intended as an affordable introduction to programming and robotics.
  10. 10. Get to know your “Edison” V2.0 Robot Part II • Each Edison Robot costs $49.00 • Takes 4-”AAA” batteries • You will use the same Edison each class. • Edison can also be programmed using Python programming language. • Edison has 2 IR LED’s (front left and right) • Edison has a sound sensor.
  11. 11. What is “Infrared Light”? • The Edison robot is equipped with (IR) Infrared “vision”. IR light is not visible to the human eye, so you can’t “see” this light – it allows Edison to “see” in the dark. • Infrared radiation, or simply infrared or IR, is electromagnetic radiation (EMR) with longer wavelengths than those of visible light, and is therefore invisible, although it is sometimes loosely called infrared light.
  12. 12. What is a “LED”? • A light-emitting diode (LED) is a light source. • Short for light-emitting diode. An electronic semiconductor device that emits light when an electric current passes through it. LEDs are used for indicator lights, and are extremely common in electronic equipment.
  13. 13. EdWare “Drop & Drag” Programming
  14. 14. EdPy “Python” Programming
  15. 15. The 1st College to offer a PhD in Robotics? • Carnegie Mellon University • https://www.ri.cmu.edu/ri_static_content.html?menu_id=321
  16. 16. Top 5 Robotics Programs in the U.S. • MIT • Stanford • CMU • Berkley • USC • Georgia Tech
  17. 17. Robotics Today • The 50 more innovative Robotics companies in the world today – for the complete list visit – • https://www.roboticsbu sinessreview.com/comp anies/?companyType=r br_50
  18. 18. What is RoboCup? RoboCup is a research initiative founded in 1997 by an international group of scientists interested in defining a common problem that could be addressed by researchers in robotics, engineering, and artificial intelligence. Most participants are university and industry research labs. RoboCupJunior (RCJ) was founded in 2000, with a focus on education. The RCJ Rescue challenge was piloted in 2001 and adapted in 2003. RCJ is open to students up to age 19. There are two divisions: primary, which is up to age 14, and secondary, which is age 14 to 19. The final robot project will be based on the RoboCupJunior program. Students will build and program a robot that dances.

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