What is Digital (or Internet)
Internet literacy includes the skills it takes to
read, disseminate, and evaluate online
sources. It is among the critical skills we
need as we explore the internet world.
Apply R.E.A.L. Techniques to evaluate a
URL - Universal/Uniform Resource
• URL's typically have the following format -
Devices on the Internet are uniquely identified
with an Internet Protocol (IP) Number.
IP Numbers (IP version 4) are a set of 4
numbers, each one ranging from 0-255. (for
IP numbers are difficult for people to
remember, so many organizations will register a
domain names which can be mapped to
specific IP Numbers.
Today's Domain Name System includes several
globally shared domain names (i.e. .com, .net,
.org) as well as many country-specific codes
(i.e. .jp, .de, .us, .uk)
Which website might contain
information that would influence
What does “bias” mean?
• According to the American Heritage
• Bias - “a preference or an inclination,
especially one that inhibits impartial
• Look at the list below and keep it in mind when you are
doing your research.
• An Author’s Purpose:
• The next time you look at a website, think of the
author’s purpose and think of P. I. E. S. This will help
you to evaluate the information and make a better
decision about its trustworthiness and validity.
• Which website might you use when writing a
research paper on President Barack Obama?
How do you find out the owner of a
• Enter the URL of the website you would like
• Who do you think owns the domain name for
The Wayback Machine
• Look back at the history
of a website. See how it
has been changed, what
has been added and
what has been deleted.
• Check out –
What is Netiquette?
• (short for "network etiquette" or "Internet
etiquette") refers to socially acceptable
conduct in an online or digital situation,
ranging from Usenet and mailing lists to blogs
• Text messaging, or texting, is the exchange of brief written
text messages between two or more mobile phones or
fixed or portable devices over a phone network. While the
original term was derived from referring to messages sent
using the Short Message Service (SMS) originated from
Radio Telegraphy, it has since been extended to include
messages containing image, video, and sound content
(known as MMS messages).
• The sender of a text message is known as a texter, while
the service itself has different colloquialisms depending on
the region: it may simply be referred to as a text in North
America, Australia, the Philippines and the United Kingdom,
an SMS in most of mainland Europe, and a TMS or SMS in
the Middle East and Asia.
Top 10 Texting Guidelines
• Common courtesy still rules. Contrary to popular belief, composing an SMS while you're in a face-to-face
conversation with someone is just about as rude as taking a voice call.
• Remember that SMS is informal. SMS shouldn't be used for formal invitations or to dump your girlfriend or
boyfriend. The casualness of SMS diminishes the strength and meaning of the message.
• Don't get upset if you don't get a reply. Before you text someone and get frustrated at the lack of a response, be
sure that they're familiar with how to use the service, and that their carrier will accept messages from yours.
• Be aware of your tone. It is extremely difficult to discern tone in text messages, just as in e-mail. What seems to
you to be a completely innocuous message may be grossly misinterpreted by the recipient, causing certain
discomfort if not irreparable harm.
• Don't SMS while you're driving. Talking on the phone is bad enough. You won't know what hit you - or what you
hit - if you are pounding out a message on your keyboard.
• Leave the slang to your friends. Don't expect your stodgy superiors at work to be hip to the lingo of the SMS
• Remember that SMS can be traced. Don't think your messages are Anonymous.
• Be conscientious of others' schedules. Don't assume that because you are awake, working, not busy, or sober that
the person you're texting is as well. Many a pleasant slumber have been interrupted by recurring "beep-
beep...beep-beeps" of messages.
• If it's immediate, make a voice call. If you can't get through and your text message is ignored, there's probably a
good reason. There are still some times when people don't even have a thumb free to respond.
• Remember that your phone does have an off button. There are very, very few things in the world that absolutely