Bill Of Rights 411

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  • Play Future Fight part 1 & 2
  • Play Future Fright Part 3
  • Play court scene from sweeny todd & Future Fright part 4, 5, 6
  • Mention supreme court cases regarding defendants that are juveniles and those with mental retardation.
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  • Bill Of Rights 411

    1. 1. PROMPT: List at least 2 legal documents that list human rights. Write response in margin. The Bill of Rights The First 10 Amendments Sources: http://www.slideshare.net/tenneys/the-bill-of-rights-295915
    2. 2. IMAGES ENHANCES RETENTION BY 300% Choose the right YOU think is the MOST important and make a tally mark next to it The 1 st Amendment 5 Protected Rights : 1. Religion 2. Speech 3. Press 4. Assembly 5. Petition
    3. 3. Religion Establishment clause “Separation of Church & State” <ul><li>The Government Can… </li></ul><ul><li>Teach about religions in school </li></ul><ul><li>Transport students to a religious school </li></ul>
    4. 4. IMAGES ENHANCES RETENTION BY 300% QUESTION: A WWI cross monument was installed on public lands. A buddhist requested the right to nstall a monument nearby. He was denied. Was this fair according to the 1 st Amendment? Religion Establishment clause “Separation of Church & State” <ul><li>The Government Cannot… </li></ul><ul><li>Set a state religion </li></ul><ul><li>Order prayer </li></ul><ul><li>Create laws that help or harm religion </li></ul><ul><li>Teach religious doctrine in the school </li></ul><ul><li>Pay seminary teachers </li></ul><ul><li>QUESTION: Do you think that the government can teach creationism or intelligent design? Explain. Respond in margin </li></ul>
    5. 6. IMAGES ENHANCES RETENTION BY 300% WOW! This is a picture of torture during the Spanish Inquisition QUESTION: How does this picture and the one on the previous slide demonstrate the need for eparation of church and state (GOVT)? Respond in margin.
    6. 7. Religion Free Exercise Clause <ul><li>People Can… </li></ul><ul><li>Choose & practice their religion </li></ul><ul><li>Celebrate holidays </li></ul><ul><li>People Cannot… </li></ul><ul><li>Break the law and claim it is religious belief </li></ul><ul><li>Raise children without education </li></ul><ul><li>Deprive children of basic needs </li></ul>
    7. 8. Free speech <ul><li>People CAN… </li></ul><ul><li>State their political beliefs including criticizing govt </li></ul><ul><li>Protest (without getting out of control) </li></ul><ul><li>Say things about someone that are true </li></ul><ul><li>Making racist remarks </li></ul><ul><li>Expression: gestures (I.e., staying seated during Pledge, wearing a peace armband, burning the flag etc), art, banners, lyrics, posters </li></ul>The Tinker Case
    8. 9. Free speech <ul><li>People CANNOT (limits on speech)… </li></ul><ul><li>Incite (start) riots/violence </li></ul><ul><li>Make Threats (I.e., to blow up airplanes) </li></ul><ul><li>Sexually harass </li></ul><ul><li>Commit slander ( untruthful spoken words that damages another’s reputation) or libel (written false words that damage another’s reputation) </li></ul><ul><li>Clear and Present Danger: Put the public in danger (I.e., yelling “Fire!” in a crowded theater) </li></ul><ul><li>Obscenities in a public forum </li></ul><ul><li>Disrespectful, vulgar language in schools </li></ul>Modesty patch
    9. 11. Freedom of the Press <ul><li>The Press Can… </li></ul><ul><li>Print any political position </li></ul><ul><li>Satirize people, especially politicians </li></ul><ul><li>Expose wrongs by the government </li></ul><ul><li>Report the news even controversial events & issues </li></ul><ul><li>Question: How does freedom </li></ul><ul><li>of the press prevent the abuse </li></ul><ul><li>of power? Give an example. </li></ul><ul><li>Respond in margin. </li></ul>
    10. 12. Freedom of the Press <ul><li>The Press Cannot… </li></ul><ul><li>Commit Libel: intentionally injuring a person’s reputation by false facts through written word </li></ul>
    11. 14. IMAGES ENHANCES RETENTION BY 300% QUESTION? Why is Freedom of Assembly an important right? Why do people assemble (gather)? Freedom of Assembly <ul><li>People Can… </li></ul><ul><li>Protest (with permit) </li></ul><ul><li>Parade (with a permit) </li></ul><ul><li>Parade chanting hate slogans </li></ul><ul><li>Congregate in public </li></ul>
    12. 15. Freedom of Assembly <ul><li>People Cannot… </li></ul><ul><li>Protest by throwing rocks and breaking windows </li></ul><ul><li>Hang out on private land against owners will - loitering </li></ul><ul><li>Break Teen curfew </li></ul><ul><li>Incite a riot (i.e., during a protest calling police officers “pigs!”) </li></ul>
    13. 16. QUESTION: Is this assembly protected? Explain. Respond in margin.
    14. 17. Petition <ul><li>You may sue the government for wrongs. This is known as a redress of grievances. </li></ul><ul><li>Write and sign petitions to govt officials. </li></ul>
    15. 19. 2 nd Amendment Right to Keep & Bear Arms <ul><li>Do you have the rights to own ANY weapons? </li></ul><ul><li>Should only military people possess weapons? </li></ul><ul><li>What is a weapon? </li></ul>The worst weapon known to man in 1791 would have been a cannon.
    16. 21. 3 rd Amendment Quartering Soldiers <ul><li>Created in response to the British laws before the Revolution. </li></ul><ul><li>No real importance today, other than the fact that it shows that we have a right to privacy in our homes. </li></ul>
    17. 22. … takes you to the computer lab. The girls take their purses. At the end of class, a girl screams, “Someone took my iPhone!” The only person that could have taken it is in the class. For this activity, let’s assume no one left the room at any time. Imagine your teacher... QUESTION: What should happen next? http://www.slideshare.net/lntrullin
    18. 23. 4 th Amendment Search & Seizure <ul><li>Plain View: if they see something in plain sight it constitutes PROBABLE CAUSE </li></ul><ul><li>Restricts police from stopping & searching you without a reason: PROBABLE CAUSE </li></ul><ul><li>Probable cause: reasonable belief that someone commited a crime (i.e., fingerprints, on video tape) </li></ul><ul><li>Stop and Frisk (i.e., airports) </li></ul><ul><li>A search warrant must be specific as to the place to be searched. It must be signed by a judge. </li></ul><ul><li>Exclusionary rule: if a judge determines that the search was illegal, even if they find evidence, they CANNOT use that in court </li></ul>
    19. 24. 5 th Amendment Rights of the Accused <ul><li>You cannot be tried for the same </li></ul><ul><li>crime twice </li></ul><ul><li>“ Double Jeopardy” </li></ul><ul><li>You do not have to testify against </li></ul><ul><li>your self (self-incrimination). </li></ul><ul><li>Miranda Court Case = Miranda </li></ul><ul><li>rights </li></ul><ul><li>“ I plead the fifth” </li></ul><ul><li>Steps from arrest to conviction </li></ul><ul><li>must be fair. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Due Process” </li></ul><ul><li>The government cannot take private </li></ul><ul><li>property for public use unless it </li></ul><ul><li>pays (i.e., the need to build a road) </li></ul><ul><li>“ eminent domain” </li></ul>Grand Jury: Determines there is sufficient evidence for a trial
    20. 25. 6 th Amendment Right to a Fair, Public, Speedy Trial <ul><li>Right to a speedy trial. </li></ul><ul><li>Right to a public trial. </li></ul><ul><li>Right to a Trial by Jury </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unanimous decision </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ beyond a reasonable doubt” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Confront witnesses. </li></ul><ul><li>Right to an Attorney. </li></ul>
    21. 26. 7 th Amendment Right to a Trial by Jury in Suits of Common Law <ul><li>Sue for breach (break) of contract (not paying the rent), injuries & damages(I.e., car accident) </li></ul><ul><li>In civil cases, you are allowed to have a trial by jury. They rule in the favor of one party and the decision doesn’t have to be unanimous – “preponderance of evidence” </li></ul><ul><li>It is possible to be tried both a criminal court & a civil court. </li></ul>
    22. 27. 8 th Amendment Excessive Bail, Cruel & Unusual Punishment <ul><li>Bail: money you pay to get out of jail while you wait for a trial. The money is returned when you show up for court. </li></ul><ul><li>QUESTION: Should we deny </li></ul><ul><li>bail to terrorist suspects? </li></ul><ul><li>QUESTION: Is the death </li></ul><ul><li>Penalty “cruel” or “unusual” </li></ul><ul><li>punishment? </li></ul>
    23. 29. 9 th Amendment Rights Retained by the People <ul><li>We have SOOOO many rights…can never list them all…SOOOO…this Amendment “covers all the bases” </li></ul><ul><li>Any rights not spelled out in the Constitution, then belonged to the people. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: The right to walk your dog, to travel on vacation, to have a family, to ride your bike, to read a book, etc… </li></ul>
    24. 30. 10 th Amendment Powers Reserved for States & People <ul><li>Any powers not spelled out in the </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution belong to the states </li></ul><ul><li>(education, marriage, divorce, </li></ul><ul><li>etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Example: the Constitution is silent about driving a car. The power to grant licenses is a power of the states. Each state has its own law. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Driving Age </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>15 - South Carolina </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>16 - Ohio </li></ul></ul></ul>Jeanne Duba

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