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INDUSTRIAL INTERNET: The Machines
Are Talking
Presented By -
Deepam Goyal
Department of Mechanical Engineering
NITTTR , CHANDIGARH
 Introduction
 Need of Industrial Internet
 Elements of Industrial Internet
 Influence of Industrial Internet on Companies
 John Deere
 General Electric
 First Wind
 Security Issues
 Conclusion
 Future Scope
 References
CONTENTS
Industrial Internet :-
• It is integration of complex
physical machinery with networked
sensors and software.
• The industrial Internet draws together fields including the Internet
of things and machine-to-machine communication to ingest data
from machines, analyze it (often in real-time), and use it to adjust
operations.
INTRODUCTION
NEED OF INDUSTRIAL INTERNET
According to Jon Bruner :-
“ The big machines that define modern life – cars, airplanes, furnaces,
and so forth have become exquisitely efficient, safe, and responsive for
the last century through constant mechanical refinement but
mechanical refinement has its limits, and there are enormous
improvements to be wrung out of the way that big machines are
operated; and efficient furnace is still wasteful if it heats a building that
no one is using ; a safe car is still dangerous in the hands of bad driver”.
“ It is now challenge that industrial internet promises to address by
layering smart software on top of machines.”
• The system can even enable dealers to forecast impending maintenance
issues & schedule repairs before there is a breakdown.
ELEMENTS OF INDUSTRIAL INTERNET
BENEFITS OF INDUSTRIAL INTERNET
Machine connectivity forms the backbone of the Industry Internet.
 A vast computer network using the same set of communications
protocols to handle large amount of data.
Analyze industrial big data for actionable information.
 Run operations from anywhere, on any device.
Engage and collaborate in cloud communities to solve business
problems together.
 Increase speed and accuracy of intelligence.
 Capture and transfer knowledge easily between your people, systems
and sites.
INFLUENCE OF INDUSTRIAL INTERNET ON
COMPANIES
• Several companies are taking advantage of advances in data
acquisition, transmission & analysis to enhance their control of
operations.
• It is not actually an internet for machines, systems like the industrial
internet do give machines a voice. Heeding what they say can save a
company’s money.
Some U.S based companies are:
 John Deere
 General Electric
 First Wind
JOHN DEERE
• Deere & Company, as brand name John Deere, is
an American corporation based in Moline, Illinois.
• It is one of the largest manufacturers of agricultural
machinery in the world.
• The company's slogan is "Nothing Runs Like a Deere”.
• The company’s products are:
 Agricultural products
 Construction equipment
 Forestry equipment
 Diesel engines & Drive trains
Industrial Internet in John Deere
• Owners of John Deere farm equipment benefit from the company’s
JDLink monitoring system, which tracks operations in real time and
includes GPS information all instantly available in the cab.
• This system links sensors to a network gives owners a way to gather
data like vibration, voltage, sound, temperature or electrical output
from machines.
• This type of analog data, previously inaccessible or hard to measure,
lets owners monitor machine health.
• It also allows a JD Dealer – with a farmer’s permission- to remotely peer
inside the machine and diagnose upcoming issues.
Contd..
Different Objectives accomplished by Industrial Internet :-
 Peak efficiency achieved
 Enables farmer to track fuel use & m/c performance
 Globally assessable
 Diagnose upcoming m/c issues
 Enable farmer to store crop production data like moisture & yield
 Keeps m/c data confidential
 Forecast fertilizer quantity
 Recommends future equipment up gradation
Contd..
The figure shows a
system that combines
embedded sensors,
GPS antennas, and
cellular
communications
technology to provide
equipment operations
data to any one with
an internet
connection.
SCADA in JDLink
• SCADA (supervisory control and data acquisition) is a system operating
with coded signals over communication channels so as to provide
control of remote equipment.
• The supervisory system may be combined with a data acquisition
system by adding the use of coded signals over communication channels
to acquire information about the status of the remote equipment for
display or for recording functions.
• According to Bradicich :-
“JD moves SCADA beyond a single manufacturing floor for a
single use in the field. When analog information can be collected in a
cloud system or a private network, The SCADA type scale grows
exponentially and so do its uses”.
Contd..
SCADA in John Deere
Levels & Components of SCADA
Essentially five levels or hierarchies:
 Field level instrumentation and control devices.
 Marshalling terminals and RTUs.
 Communications system.
 The master station(s).
 The commercial data processing department computer system.
Features of SCADA
 User Interface
 Graphics Displays
 Alarms
 Access to Data
 Database
 Networking
 Automatic changeover and recovery
 Distributed project updates
GENERAL ELECTRIC
• GE, is an American multinational corporation in New York, U.S.
• The company operates through the following segments:
- Energy
- Technology Infrastructure
- Capital Finance
• GE Intelligent Platforms provides industrial software, control systems
and embedded computing platforms to optimize our customer’s assets
& equipment.
• Our goal is to help our customers grow the profitability of their
businesses through high-performance solutions facilitated by the
Industrial Internet.
Contd..
According to John Magee, chief marketing officer :
“savings can be found by monitoring and analyzing data from
long – lived assets like generators, turbines and aircraft in order to find
ways to increase productivity and save money by cutting fuel costs or
storing energy”.
GE slogan
Rise of Industrial Internet
Over the last 200 years, the world has experienced several waves of innovation.
Successful companies learned to navigate these waves and adapt to the changing
environment. Today we are at the cusp of another wave of innovation that promises to
change the way we do business and interact with the world of industrial machines.
FIRST WIND
• First Wind is an independent North American renewable
energy company focused on the development, financing,
construction, ownership and operation of utility-scale power projects in
the United States.
• It is one of GE’s Industrial Internet customer, who has recently added
more sensors to its turbine to measure temperature, wind speeds and
locations and pitch of blades.
• Software collects and analyzed the data, enabling the operation of each
turbine to be observed moment-by-moment in response to the data.
Contd..
• The advanced monitoring capabilities
allow project owners to target problems
faster, diagnose issues fully before a
technician arrives, and isolate
maintenance with fewer disruptions to
the overall wind farm.
• In winter, the analysis might show that the turbine blades are icing up,
and the corrective measures, such as speeding the turbine up or
changing the pitch of blades, could be taken.
• First wind of Boston, owns 16 wind farms in US.
Role of GE’s Technology in First Wind
• Using GE’s Wind CONTROL, turbine owners can earn back power that may
have been lost due to inefficient controls for meeting curtailment.
• The software automatically controls the output of each wind turbine in the
wind farm.
• The more precise regulation of power not only meets requirements despite
wind variation but also allows the wind turbines to run more efficiently and
reliably without compromising grid stability.
• By avoiding the continual stop and start of the turbines for power
regulation, GE`s Wind CONTROL eases the stresses on the wind turbines and
helps to extend the life of turbine components.
SECURITY ISSUES
 Favour
- Human safety
- Firewall & VPN assures personal data security.
- Connected infrastructure generally operates within tightly defined
networks - consistent transmission and control patterns
- Easier to apply deep packet inspection
 Against
- Adding software on top of machines and connecting them to networks
creates tempting targets for malicious hackers.
- The inherent scalability of software means that a single exploit can
propagate fast.
- Threat of access to the network segments hosting devices.
- Modern infrastructure may be crucial to public health and safety.
CONCLUSION
 Innovation has always been the single most powerful ingredient
to help us create more with less, to ease constraints, to generate
improving living standards for larger and larger numbers of
people.
 The Industrial Internet holds the potential to drive the next wave
of innovation for the world by pushing even further the
boundaries of minds and machines.
• US is planning to become early adopter of this revolution, by
improving its infrastructure.
• If the US can secure a 1.5 percentage points acceleration in
productivity growth, and the rest of the world achieves just half
that increase, within the next twenty years the Industrial
Internet will have added to the global economy an additional
$15 trillion i.e about the size of the US economy today.
.
FUTURE SCOPE
• We estimate that the Industrial Internet could add $2.8 Trillion
to Europe’s GDP by 2030—this is close to one-quarter of the
current size of the Euro Area’s economy. Over the next 15
years, an increase in efficiency of just 1%, could deliver savings
of $15 billion each in the power and healthcare sectors, $6
billion in rail, $10 billion in oil and gas; and $9 billion in
aviation.
Contd..
REFERENCES
 Thilmany, J. (2014, March). The Internet of Big Things. Mechanical
Engineering-ASME, 36-41.
 Bruner, J. (2013). Industrial Training: The Machines are Talking.
U.S.A: O’Reilly Media, Inc., 1005 Graven stein Highway North,
Sebastopol, CA.
 Evans, P. C., & Annunziata, M. (2013). Industrial Internet: Pushing
the boundaries of Minds and Machines. U.S: General Electric.
 Ozdemir, E., & Karacor, M. Mobile phone based SCADA for industrial
automation. , 45, 1-9.
Email ID:-
bkdeepamgoyal@gmail.com

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Industrial Internet

  • 1. INDUSTRIAL INTERNET: The Machines Are Talking Presented By - Deepam Goyal Department of Mechanical Engineering NITTTR , CHANDIGARH
  • 2.  Introduction  Need of Industrial Internet  Elements of Industrial Internet  Influence of Industrial Internet on Companies  John Deere  General Electric  First Wind  Security Issues  Conclusion  Future Scope  References CONTENTS
  • 3. Industrial Internet :- • It is integration of complex physical machinery with networked sensors and software. • The industrial Internet draws together fields including the Internet of things and machine-to-machine communication to ingest data from machines, analyze it (often in real-time), and use it to adjust operations. INTRODUCTION
  • 4. NEED OF INDUSTRIAL INTERNET According to Jon Bruner :- “ The big machines that define modern life – cars, airplanes, furnaces, and so forth have become exquisitely efficient, safe, and responsive for the last century through constant mechanical refinement but mechanical refinement has its limits, and there are enormous improvements to be wrung out of the way that big machines are operated; and efficient furnace is still wasteful if it heats a building that no one is using ; a safe car is still dangerous in the hands of bad driver”. “ It is now challenge that industrial internet promises to address by layering smart software on top of machines.” • The system can even enable dealers to forecast impending maintenance issues & schedule repairs before there is a breakdown.
  • 6. BENEFITS OF INDUSTRIAL INTERNET Machine connectivity forms the backbone of the Industry Internet.  A vast computer network using the same set of communications protocols to handle large amount of data. Analyze industrial big data for actionable information.  Run operations from anywhere, on any device. Engage and collaborate in cloud communities to solve business problems together.  Increase speed and accuracy of intelligence.  Capture and transfer knowledge easily between your people, systems and sites.
  • 7. INFLUENCE OF INDUSTRIAL INTERNET ON COMPANIES • Several companies are taking advantage of advances in data acquisition, transmission & analysis to enhance their control of operations. • It is not actually an internet for machines, systems like the industrial internet do give machines a voice. Heeding what they say can save a company’s money. Some U.S based companies are:  John Deere  General Electric  First Wind
  • 8. JOHN DEERE • Deere & Company, as brand name John Deere, is an American corporation based in Moline, Illinois. • It is one of the largest manufacturers of agricultural machinery in the world. • The company's slogan is "Nothing Runs Like a Deere”. • The company’s products are:  Agricultural products  Construction equipment  Forestry equipment  Diesel engines & Drive trains
  • 9. Industrial Internet in John Deere • Owners of John Deere farm equipment benefit from the company’s JDLink monitoring system, which tracks operations in real time and includes GPS information all instantly available in the cab. • This system links sensors to a network gives owners a way to gather data like vibration, voltage, sound, temperature or electrical output from machines. • This type of analog data, previously inaccessible or hard to measure, lets owners monitor machine health. • It also allows a JD Dealer – with a farmer’s permission- to remotely peer inside the machine and diagnose upcoming issues.
  • 10. Contd.. Different Objectives accomplished by Industrial Internet :-  Peak efficiency achieved  Enables farmer to track fuel use & m/c performance  Globally assessable  Diagnose upcoming m/c issues  Enable farmer to store crop production data like moisture & yield  Keeps m/c data confidential  Forecast fertilizer quantity  Recommends future equipment up gradation
  • 11. Contd.. The figure shows a system that combines embedded sensors, GPS antennas, and cellular communications technology to provide equipment operations data to any one with an internet connection.
  • 12. SCADA in JDLink • SCADA (supervisory control and data acquisition) is a system operating with coded signals over communication channels so as to provide control of remote equipment. • The supervisory system may be combined with a data acquisition system by adding the use of coded signals over communication channels to acquire information about the status of the remote equipment for display or for recording functions. • According to Bradicich :- “JD moves SCADA beyond a single manufacturing floor for a single use in the field. When analog information can be collected in a cloud system or a private network, The SCADA type scale grows exponentially and so do its uses”.
  • 14. Levels & Components of SCADA Essentially five levels or hierarchies:  Field level instrumentation and control devices.  Marshalling terminals and RTUs.  Communications system.  The master station(s).  The commercial data processing department computer system.
  • 15. Features of SCADA  User Interface  Graphics Displays  Alarms  Access to Data  Database  Networking  Automatic changeover and recovery  Distributed project updates
  • 16. GENERAL ELECTRIC • GE, is an American multinational corporation in New York, U.S. • The company operates through the following segments: - Energy - Technology Infrastructure - Capital Finance • GE Intelligent Platforms provides industrial software, control systems and embedded computing platforms to optimize our customer’s assets & equipment. • Our goal is to help our customers grow the profitability of their businesses through high-performance solutions facilitated by the Industrial Internet.
  • 17. Contd.. According to John Magee, chief marketing officer : “savings can be found by monitoring and analyzing data from long – lived assets like generators, turbines and aircraft in order to find ways to increase productivity and save money by cutting fuel costs or storing energy”. GE slogan
  • 18. Rise of Industrial Internet Over the last 200 years, the world has experienced several waves of innovation. Successful companies learned to navigate these waves and adapt to the changing environment. Today we are at the cusp of another wave of innovation that promises to change the way we do business and interact with the world of industrial machines.
  • 19. FIRST WIND • First Wind is an independent North American renewable energy company focused on the development, financing, construction, ownership and operation of utility-scale power projects in the United States. • It is one of GE’s Industrial Internet customer, who has recently added more sensors to its turbine to measure temperature, wind speeds and locations and pitch of blades. • Software collects and analyzed the data, enabling the operation of each turbine to be observed moment-by-moment in response to the data.
  • 20. Contd.. • The advanced monitoring capabilities allow project owners to target problems faster, diagnose issues fully before a technician arrives, and isolate maintenance with fewer disruptions to the overall wind farm. • In winter, the analysis might show that the turbine blades are icing up, and the corrective measures, such as speeding the turbine up or changing the pitch of blades, could be taken. • First wind of Boston, owns 16 wind farms in US.
  • 21. Role of GE’s Technology in First Wind • Using GE’s Wind CONTROL, turbine owners can earn back power that may have been lost due to inefficient controls for meeting curtailment. • The software automatically controls the output of each wind turbine in the wind farm. • The more precise regulation of power not only meets requirements despite wind variation but also allows the wind turbines to run more efficiently and reliably without compromising grid stability. • By avoiding the continual stop and start of the turbines for power regulation, GE`s Wind CONTROL eases the stresses on the wind turbines and helps to extend the life of turbine components.
  • 22. SECURITY ISSUES  Favour - Human safety - Firewall & VPN assures personal data security. - Connected infrastructure generally operates within tightly defined networks - consistent transmission and control patterns - Easier to apply deep packet inspection  Against - Adding software on top of machines and connecting them to networks creates tempting targets for malicious hackers. - The inherent scalability of software means that a single exploit can propagate fast. - Threat of access to the network segments hosting devices. - Modern infrastructure may be crucial to public health and safety.
  • 23. CONCLUSION  Innovation has always been the single most powerful ingredient to help us create more with less, to ease constraints, to generate improving living standards for larger and larger numbers of people.  The Industrial Internet holds the potential to drive the next wave of innovation for the world by pushing even further the boundaries of minds and machines.
  • 24. • US is planning to become early adopter of this revolution, by improving its infrastructure. • If the US can secure a 1.5 percentage points acceleration in productivity growth, and the rest of the world achieves just half that increase, within the next twenty years the Industrial Internet will have added to the global economy an additional $15 trillion i.e about the size of the US economy today. . FUTURE SCOPE
  • 25. • We estimate that the Industrial Internet could add $2.8 Trillion to Europe’s GDP by 2030—this is close to one-quarter of the current size of the Euro Area’s economy. Over the next 15 years, an increase in efficiency of just 1%, could deliver savings of $15 billion each in the power and healthcare sectors, $6 billion in rail, $10 billion in oil and gas; and $9 billion in aviation. Contd..
  • 26. REFERENCES  Thilmany, J. (2014, March). The Internet of Big Things. Mechanical Engineering-ASME, 36-41.  Bruner, J. (2013). Industrial Training: The Machines are Talking. U.S.A: O’Reilly Media, Inc., 1005 Graven stein Highway North, Sebastopol, CA.  Evans, P. C., & Annunziata, M. (2013). Industrial Internet: Pushing the boundaries of Minds and Machines. U.S: General Electric.  Ozdemir, E., & Karacor, M. Mobile phone based SCADA for industrial automation. , 45, 1-9.

Editor's Notes

  1. Data acquisition is the process of sampling signals that measure real world physical conditions and converting the resulting samples into digital numeric values that can be manipulated by a computer. Data acquisition systems (abbreviated with the acronym DAS or DAQ) typically convert analog waveforms into digital values for processing. The components of data acquisition systems include: Sensors that convert physical parameters to electrical signals. Signal conditioning circuitry to convert sensor signals into a form that can be converted to digital values. Analog-to-digital converters, which convert conditioned sensor signals to digital values.
  2. The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a space-based satellite navigation system that provides location and time information in all weather conditions, anywhere on or near the Earth
  3. Remote Terminal Unit or Remote Telemetry Unit, a microprocessor controlled electronic device
  4. We work across industries, including manufacturing, water, oil & gas, mining, power, defense and aerospace.
  5. Curtailment:- reduction of expenditures
  6. ; once discovered, an exploit can be used against lots of machines.