Intelligent Transportation Systems Coupled with Wireless Mesh Networks

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Survey of architectural options for extending functionality of ITS with wireless mesh networks.

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Intelligent Transportation Systems Coupled with Wireless Mesh Networks

  1. 1. University of Detroit Mercy Master of Science in Product Development Intelligent Transportation Systems Coupled with Wireless Mesh Networks Presented by Alfred Green Presented by Alfred Green November 14, 2008 November 14, 2008
  2. 2. Introduction Team Members Alfred Green – MPD Cohort #7 Advisors Dr. Jonathan Weaver – UDM College of Engineering Dr. Shahram Taj - UDM College of Business Industry Consultants Dr. Deb Menk – Center for Automotive Research Dr. Steven Underwood – Center for Automotive Research Special Thanks Michael Vinarcik 11/12/2008 Capstone Thesis Defense 2
  3. 3. Outline Motivation Research Approach Functional Requirements Systems Architecting Heuristics System De-Composition Stakeholders Cost Benefit Analysis Future Work Q&A 11/12/2008 Capstone Thesis Defense 3
  4. 4. Motivation Improve Motorist Safety Efficient Travel Routes Reduce Environmental Impact Improve Existing Intelligent Transportation Create Commercial Opportunities 11/12/2008 Capstone Thesis Defense 4
  5. 5. Outline Motivation Research Approach Functional Requirements Systems Architecting Heuristics System De-Composition Stakeholders Cost Benefit Analysis Future Work Q&A 11/12/2008 Capstone Thesis Defense 5
  6. 6. Research Approach Exhaustive Literature Review Consulted Industry Experts 11/12/2008 Capstone Thesis Defense 6
  7. 7. Outline Motivation Research Approach Functional Requirements Systems Architecting Heuristics System De-Composition Stakeholders Cost Benefit Analysis Future Work Q&A 11/12/2008 Capstone Thesis Defense 7
  8. 8. Functional Requirements Reduce Traffic Congestion Socially Viable Cost Effective to Produce Compelling Value Proposition 11/12/2008 Capstone Thesis Defense 8
  9. 9. Outline Motivation Research Approach Functional Requirements Systems Architecting Heuristics System De-Composition Stakeholders Cost Benefit Analysis Future Work Q&A 11/12/2008 Capstone Thesis Defense 9
  10. 10. What Are Heuristics? Basic Guiding Principles Which Can be Applied to Navigate Tough Decision Making Essential Compliment to Analytics, Particularly When Analysis Does Not Lead to Obvious Conclusion 11/12/2008 Capstone Thesis Defense 10
  11. 11. Why Use Heuristics for Systems Architecting? Effective for Grand Scale Projects Helps Dissect Problem Reduces Solution Space Re-Use Proven Approaches Understand Critical Trade-Offs 11/12/2008 Capstone Thesis Defense 11
  12. 12. Why Use Heuristics for ITS? ITS is a Grand Scale, Highly Complex Project Several Disparate Systems Must Work Together Socio-Technical Concerns Detailed Scoping Required Many Interfaces, Some Proprietary Others Open 11/12/2008 Capstone Thesis Defense 12
  13. 13. Systems Architecting Heuristics Invent Only When Necessary Use Stable Intermediate Forms Consider a Collaborative System a Franchise Policy Triage Leverage at the Interfaces 11/12/2008 Capstone Thesis Defense 13
  14. 14. Outline Motivation Research Approach Functional Requirements Systems Architecting Heuristics System De-Composition Stakeholders Cost Benefit Analysis Future Work Q&A 11/12/2008 Capstone Thesis Defense 14
  15. 15. System De-Composition ITS Toolkit Meta-Data Management Vehicle Nodal Network Data Transport Medium Motorist Interface 11/12/2008 Capstone Thesis Defense 15
  16. 16. ITS Toolkit What is ITS? Application of Advanced Communication, Information Processing, Controls & Electronics Technology to Improve the Transportation System 11/12/2008 Capstone Thesis Defense 16
  17. 17. Connected Vehicle Proving Center (CVPC) CVPC Internet Satellite Applications and Data System Backhaul WiFi Hot Spot Cellular (WAN) (WiFi Traffic Management Center Vehicle and Vehicle to Road Data Roadside Peer-to-Peer DSRC Tolling Test Labs Test Track/Proving Grounds Title 17 Date
  18. 18. Product Architecture ITS Toolkit Meta-Data Management Vehicle Nodal Network Data Transport Medium Motorist Interface 11/12/2008 Capstone Thesis Defense 18
  19. 19. Meta-Data Management Huge Information Pipe Strategic Parsing of Data Stream to Output Useful Information Interface with Existing Internet Backhaul Free / Open Source Software Application Layer 11/12/2008 Capstone Thesis Defense 19
  20. 20. Meta Data Framework User Interface User Interface Database Communication Database Communication Links to Neural Network Links to Neural Network Compatible with Legacy ITS Compatible with Legacy ITS 11/12/2008 Capstone Thesis Defense 20
  21. 21. System De-Composition ITS Toolkit Meta-Data Management Vehicle Nodal Network Data Transport Medium Motorist Interface 11/12/2008 Capstone Thesis Defense 21
  22. 22. Vehicle Nodal Network Ad-Hoc Communication Infer Road Conditions / Hazards Self-Healing / Fuzzy Set Algorithms Minimal Data Interruption 11/12/2008 Capstone Thesis Defense 22
  23. 23. Ad-Hoc Multi-Hop Network DSRC Base Stations DSRC Base Stations Synchronous Data Loop Synchronous Data Loop Vehicle Nodes Pass Packets Vehicle Nodes Pass Packets University of Oslo – Department of Informatics University of Oslo – Department of Informatics 11/12/2008 Capstone Thesis Defense 23
  24. 24. Wireless Multi-Hop Routing Node A Passing Data to Node J Node A Passing Data to Node J Deploys Dual Path of Execution Deploys Dual Path of Execution Minimize Bottlenecks Minimize Bottlenecks University of Oslo – Department of Informatics University of Oslo – Department of Informatics 11/12/2008 Capstone Thesis Defense 24
  25. 25. System De-Composition ITS Toolkit Meta-Data Management Vehicle Nodal Network Data Transport Medium Motorist Interface 11/12/2008 Capstone Thesis Defense 25
  26. 26. Data Transport Medium 802.11x and 802.16 (Wireless Mesh Networks) Cellular WAN (GSM / CDMA) GPS Satellite 11/12/2008 Capstone Thesis Defense 26
  27. 27. Meeting the Abundant State DOTs Federal Govt Challenges That Lie Ahead Local Traffic AutoOEMs Management Filtered & Secure Data Access (Privacy Mgmt.) via Internet Cloud County & City Services >600GB/min. output Commercial Commercial Services Aggregation & Content Caching RSU Backhaul from RSUs via Digital Community Network (Wireless & Fiber) Vehicle-to-vehicle & Vehicle-to-Roadside Communication CICAS RSU 11/12/2008 Capstone Thesis Defense 27 RSU * Referenced brands & logos are the property of their respective owners. (Roadside Unit)
  28. 28. System De-Composition ITS Toolkit Meta-Data Management Vehicle Nodal Network Data Transport Medium Motorist Interface 11/12/2008 Capstone Thesis Defense 28
  29. 29. Motorist Interface Intelligible GUI PDA or Other Mobile Device Utilize Vehicle Center Stack 11/12/2008 Capstone Thesis Defense 29
  30. 30. Outline Motivation Research Approach Functional Requirements Systems Architecting Heuristics System De-Composition Stakeholders Cost Benefit Analysis Future Work Q&A 11/12/2008 Capstone Thesis Defense 30
  31. 31. Stakeholders Cross-Functional, Highly Collaborative State and Local Government Motorists Federal Government Independent Software Vendors Wireless Providers Automobile Manufacturers 11/12/2008 Capstone Thesis Defense 31
  32. 32. Outline Motivation Research Approach Functional Requirements Systems Architecting Heuristics System De-Composition Stakeholders Cost Benefit Analysis Future Work Q&A 11/12/2008 Capstone Thesis Defense 32
  33. 33. Cost Benefit Analysis Socio-Economic Impact Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Vehicle Miles Traveled Automobile Externalities 11/12/2008 Capstone Thesis Defense 33
  34. 34. Outline Motivation Research Approach Functional Requirements Systems Architecting Heuristics System De-Composition Stakeholders Cost Benefit Analysis Future Work Q&A 11/12/2008 Capstone Thesis Defense 34
  35. 35. Future Work Commercialization Long Tail Economics Packaging and Production Costs Wireless Providers / Silos Socio-Technical Concerns Privacy Issues Span of Control Project Timeline 11/12/2008 Capstone Thesis Defense 35

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