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Technologies for the Internet of Things

Björn Ekelund
Björn Ekelund
Björn EkelundTechnology and Business Strategist

Internet of things is one of the pillars of Ericsson's Networked Society vision. Internet of things is becoming a reality here and now driven by a number of business and technology factors. This presentation discuss key technologies that will enable and drive the Internet of Things.

Technologies for the Internet of Things

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Björn Ekelund | Public | © Ericsson AB 2014 | 2014-11-19 | Page 1 
TECHNOLOGY 
Björn Ekelund 
Ericsson Research
Björn Ekelund | Public | © Ericsson AB 2014 | 2014-11-19 | Page 2 
KEY TECHNOLOGIES FOR IOT 
Wireless connectivity 
Capillary networking 
Distributed cloud 
Security and integrity
Björn Ekelund | Public | © Ericsson AB 2014 | 2014-11-19 | Page 3 
2014 – AN INFLECTION POINT 
Source: Gartner 2014 
Moore’s law 
Resource 
efficient 
computing 
Security 
technology 
Wireless 
technology 
Internet 
technology
Björn Ekelund | Public | © Ericsson AB 2014 | 2014-11-19 | Page 4 
TOWARDS THE INTERNET OF THINGS 
App Enablement 
Connectivity 
Devices 
Applications 
Transformation 
Generic device solutions 
Application Enablement 
Cloud 
Standards and Open Source 
Today 
Per-problem solutions 
Per-industry solutions 
Proprietary IT solutions
Björn Ekelund | Public | © Ericsson AB 2014 | 2014-11-19 | Page 5 
Wireless connectivity
Björn Ekelund | Public | © Ericsson AB 2014 | 2014-11-19 | Page 6 
LTE evolution 
Release 12: Major step 
Release 13: Further enhancements 
Battery life >10 years with 2 AA batteries 
20dB additional coverage 
Very low device cost 
Wide support for frequency bands and 
spectrum options 
Support for massive numbers of devices 
M2M multiplexed or on stand-alone 
carrier 
Device Network

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Technologies for the Internet of Things

  • 1. Björn Ekelund | Public | © Ericsson AB 2014 | 2014-11-19 | Page 1 TECHNOLOGY Björn Ekelund Ericsson Research
  • 2. Björn Ekelund | Public | © Ericsson AB 2014 | 2014-11-19 | Page 2 KEY TECHNOLOGIES FOR IOT Wireless connectivity Capillary networking Distributed cloud Security and integrity
  • 3. Björn Ekelund | Public | © Ericsson AB 2014 | 2014-11-19 | Page 3 2014 – AN INFLECTION POINT Source: Gartner 2014 Moore’s law Resource efficient computing Security technology Wireless technology Internet technology
  • 4. Björn Ekelund | Public | © Ericsson AB 2014 | 2014-11-19 | Page 4 TOWARDS THE INTERNET OF THINGS App Enablement Connectivity Devices Applications Transformation Generic device solutions Application Enablement Cloud Standards and Open Source Today Per-problem solutions Per-industry solutions Proprietary IT solutions
  • 5. Björn Ekelund | Public | © Ericsson AB 2014 | 2014-11-19 | Page 5 Wireless connectivity
  • 6. Björn Ekelund | Public | © Ericsson AB 2014 | 2014-11-19 | Page 6 LTE evolution Release 12: Major step Release 13: Further enhancements Battery life >10 years with 2 AA batteries 20dB additional coverage Very low device cost Wide support for frequency bands and spectrum options Support for massive numbers of devices M2M multiplexed or on stand-alone carrier Device Network
  • 7. Björn Ekelund | Public | © Ericsson AB 2014 | 2014-11-19 | Page 7 Non-cellular technologies Data rate Range ~1Mbps Bluetooth Long Range 802.11ah ~1kbps ~1Gbps ~10bps
  • 8. Björn Ekelund | Public | © Ericsson AB 2014 | 2014-11-19 | Page 8 Getting ready for 5G Ultra-reliable communication Inter-vehicular / vehicular-to-road communication Machine communication Multiple Integrated Wireless/Access Solutions enabling the long-term Networked Society 300 MHz 3 GHz 30 GHz 300 GHz Multi-hop communication Ultra-dense deployments Device-to-device communication Licensed Controlled sharing Unlicensed Spectrum toolbox
  • 9. Björn Ekelund | Public | © Ericsson AB 2014 | 2014-11-19 | Page 9 Capillary networking
  • 10. Björn Ekelund | Public | © Ericsson AB 2014 | 2014-11-19 | Page 10 Capillary Networks end-to-end controlled IP connectivity Cloud Capillary Network Function Capillary Networks Mobile Core Capillary GWs Bluetooth LE IEEE 802.15.4 Auto-Configuration, GBA Security, Dynamic Middleware, Dynamic GW Selection, Data & Storage IEEE 802.11ah Data Center Backend Features • Bridging xAN-WAN • Auto-configuration • Management • Security • Ensured E2E connectivity • Life-cycle robustness Usage • Buildings • Homes • Vehicles • Sites
  • 11. Björn Ekelund | Public | © Ericsson AB 2014 | 2014-11-19 | Page 11 Distributed cloud
  • 12. Björn Ekelund | Public | © Ericsson AB 2014 | 2014-11-19 | Page 12 CALVIN Network Computer Calvin fluidly adapts to change and apps executes where needed. It seamlessly manages network integration, discovery, authentication, mobility, and availability Calvin is a breakthrough lightweight Platform as a Service for Networked Society applications, lowering the entry barrier for 3rd party developers In the Networked Society, the network IS the computer
  • 13. Björn Ekelund | Public | © Ericsson AB 2014 | 2014-11-19 | Page 13 Concept: Ericsson CALVIN Robust High performance Low latency Flexible Local
  • 14. Björn Ekelund | Public | © Ericsson AB 2014 | 2014-11-19 | Page 14 use case – Energy
  • 15. Björn Ekelund | Public | © Ericsson AB 2014 | 2014-11-19 | Page 15 use case – transportation
  • 16. Björn Ekelund | Public | © Ericsson AB 2014 | 2014-11-19 | Page 16 Security and integrity
  • 18. Björn Ekelund | Public | © Ericsson AB 2014 | 2014-11-19 | Page 18 safety and Security IoT Critical Infrastructure/ Emergency Preparedness Concerns Fuzzy borders Dangerous IoT allows remote attackers to do a lot of damage. Unstoppable It will happen regardless what the government does Ubiquitous Critical Infrastructure can’t avoid IoT even if they try Unpredictable We don’t know what new attack vectors IoT will create Security Afterthought In the push to get things to the market, security often not considered initially
  • 19. Björn Ekelund | Public | © Ericsson AB 2014 | 2014-11-19 | Page 19 summary Devices Objects Web/RESTful IP/6LoWPAN Cloud Data Networks Security
  • 20. Björn Ekelund | Public | © Ericsson AB 2014 | 2014-11-19 | Page 20 technology development is exponential Human intuition IS linear.