Woodrow Wilson proposing his “Fourteen Points” to Congress on January 8, 1918
<ul><li>Woodrow Wilson proposed the Fourteen Points to Congress before the end of WWI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>League of Nati...
<ul><li>On November 11, 1918, fighting stopped which officially ended World War I  </li></ul><ul><li>Armistice=an agreemen...
<ul><li>Lives -8.5-10 million  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>German dead – 1.8 million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Russia – 1.7 mil...
<ul><li>From Left to Right:  </li></ul><ul><li>David Lloyd George of Britain  </li></ul><ul><li>Vittorio Orlando of Italy ...
<ul><li>5 peace treaties </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One with each of the Central Powers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany’s tr...
<ul><li>Members of the Allied nations signed the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. It stated that: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Germa...
<ul><li>War Guilt Clause  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It forced Germany to accept guilt for war  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>...
Before World War I  After the treaty was signed
<ul><li>4 empires ended </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Austro-Hungarian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New countries created-Czecho...
<ul><li>Genocide=the systematic and purposeful destruction of a racial, political, religious or cultural group </li></ul><...
<ul><li>Based in Geneva, Switzerland </li></ul><ul><ul><li>International cooperative organization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
<ul><li>It was designed to help countries talk about problems and solve them DIPLOMATICALLY instead of  MILITARILY </li></ul>
<ul><li>The league of Nations main goal was to prevent another world war </li></ul><ul><li>Did it work in your opinion? </...
<ul><li>The United States was the only major country that didn’t join the League of Nations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress...
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After the great war

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After the great war

  1. 2. Woodrow Wilson proposing his “Fourteen Points” to Congress on January 8, 1918
  2. 3. <ul><li>Woodrow Wilson proposed the Fourteen Points to Congress before the end of WWI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>League of Nations-organization to keep the peace </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pressure on German government to change </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicated his throne </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>On November 11, 1918, fighting stopped which officially ended World War I </li></ul><ul><li>Armistice=an agreement to stop fighting </li></ul><ul><li>No hand to hand combat, just 30 minutes of an artillery barrage ended World War I on the western front </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Lives -8.5-10 million </li></ul><ul><ul><li>German dead – 1.8 million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Russia – 1.7 million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Great Britain – Almost 1 million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>United States – 116,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>21 million wounded </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Civilian casualties </li></ul><ul><li>Property </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In France </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>over 300,000 homes were destroyed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>6000 factories destroyed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>8,000 acres of farmland destroyed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>$300 billion in damages </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Social disruption </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thousands of soldiers with disabilities (missing limbs, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>War changed how people viewed the world and their lives </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>From Left to Right: </li></ul><ul><li>David Lloyd George of Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Vittorio Orlando of Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Georges Clemenceau of France </li></ul><ul><li>Woodrow Wilson of the United States </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>5 peace treaties </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One with each of the Central Powers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany’s treaty = Treaty of Versailles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>France and European nations wanted revenge for WWI. France wanted security against future wars with Germany </li></ul><ul><li>America /Woodrow Wilson wanted “peace without victory” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wants to make the world “safe for democracy” </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Members of the Allied nations signed the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. It stated that: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany had to pay reparations—amount not stated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reparations=payment for war damages </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>German Military limited to only 100,000 active service members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It also disbanded the German navy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany not allowed to manufacture tanks, heavy artillery, military airplanes </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>War Guilt Clause </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It forced Germany to accept guilt for war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Germany blamed for starting WWI </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>German people couldn’t accept they were the only ones to blame for WWI </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Lost territory </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lost Alsace-Lorraine to France and colonies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lands in east became part of Poland </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Limited the German military to 100,000 </li></ul>
  9. 10. Before World War I After the treaty was signed
  10. 11. <ul><li>4 empires ended </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Austro-Hungarian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New countries created-Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Russian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ottoman </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Middle East nations became mandates of League of Nations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>German </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Genocide=the systematic and purposeful destruction of a racial, political, religious or cultural group </li></ul><ul><li>Ottoman Turks killed the Armenians. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 million Armenians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1.5 million killed, rest deported </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Based in Geneva, Switzerland </li></ul><ul><ul><li>International cooperative organization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Established to prevent wars/keep peace </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The United States wasn’t a member </li></ul><ul><li>League failed because it did not have the power to enforce its decisions </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>It was designed to help countries talk about problems and solve them DIPLOMATICALLY instead of MILITARILY </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>The league of Nations main goal was to prevent another world war </li></ul><ul><li>Did it work in your opinion? </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>The United States was the only major country that didn’t join the League of Nations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress refused to ratify entry into the League </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They feared being dragged into another global conflict </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ideas of pacifism and isolationism prevailed </li></ul></ul>

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