The power of the mindFor the brilliant English astrophysicist StephenHawking "thought is the most powerful tool, inaddition to many things: his work, its fun, rest, his passion, his life ... His wheelchair is a very special advantage in the task of faces his greatest concern: the universe we live in, its origin, its operations and its end ...., Hawking has demonstrated the ability of the human mind to probe the universe in this task when one character works tirelessly driven by an absolute freedom ".(John Boslough.s Universe Stephen Hawking)
Stephen William Hawking was born on January 8, 1942 (300 years after thedeath of Galileo) in Oxford, England. His parents were Frank and ElizabethHawking, who had three children: Stephen, Philippa and Mary, and adopted aboy named Edward.
When I was eight, his family moved to St. Albans, a town about 20 miles north of London. At the age of eleven, Stephen went to St. Albans School and then at University College, Oxford where for three years (1959-1962)A los 12 años, en el jardín de su casa en St Alban y en 1962 studied physics, which studies durante su graduación en Oxford. the conclusion, in 1962, awarded first class honors in the specialty of Natural Sciences. But what attracted him was the cosmology, for what happens to study at the University of Cambridge, obtaining his Ph.D. in Theoretical Physics and Cosmology, in 1966.
Only two more years In full bloom of youth, Stephen begins to feel some variation in the speed of their movements, which become clumsy. At the insistence of his mother, see the doctor and after several tests he was diagnosed, in early 1963, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) or Lou Gehrigs disease, rare disease characterized by degenerationprogressive nervous system cells responsible for voluntary muscle movement.The symptoms of his illness became acute when in Persia, where he traveledin spite of knowing and his evil, he contracted a virus. His health deterioratedso much that doctors risked two years of life predicted maximum.
Stephen Hawking with his wife Jane and his son Tim after receiving his honorary degree at the University of Cambridge. El amor y la fama llegan a su vidaA pesar de tan duro percance por el que tuvo que pasar no perdió el optimismoy deseo de vivir y es en esos momentos que conoce a Jane Wilde de quien seenamora y con quien se casa en 1965. Con ella permanecerá hasta 1991 ytendrá sus tres hijos: Robert, Lucy y Timothy.
Member of the Royal SocietyWhen Hawking received his doctorate (1966)worked with Roger Penrose in themathematical proof of the beginning of time.At this time began his teaching as an adjunctprofessor of Applied Mathematics andTheoretical Physics at Cambridge. Formulatedtheories about the uniqueness of the universe,the Big Bang, or the original explosion ofCosmos-and black holes.In 1974, when he was 32, he was conferred anhonorary one of the most important of GreatBritain membership of the Royal Society, themost prestigious scientific institution in theworld. Hawking became one of the youngermembers who had the said company.At that time, Alan Hodgkin, Nobel Prize inBiology and Chairman of the society, had toapproach the wheelchair to sign the bookHawking credited him as a member of thefamed institution.
Another tough test In 1985, meeting at The European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Stephen suffered an acute episode of pneumonia that was complicated as the doctors came to tell Jane, his wife, who was not worth keeping the life support machine lit. Nevertheless,y conocedora del coraje y el tesón que siempre había mostrado Stephen,Jane decidió trasladarle al hospital de Addenbrooke (Cambridge) donde elDr. Roger Greyle le efectuó una traqueotomía que salvaría su vida, pero quele privaría por el resto de sus días de la voz.
The technique allows you to overcome this challenge With such a difficult life, stoic and full of voluntarism for granted that Stephen was once again prevail. And so it happened. Walter Woltosz, a California computer expert, he decided to send him a design and creation software that would allow him to speak again through a synthesizer. This synthesizer set by David Mason to the wheelchair in which he wasprostrate accompany him the rest of his life and through whichStephen would continue with all its academic and research work.Today, Hawking has replaced its old voice synthesizer with a newone with a British English accent. The former had an Americanaccent.This new device is mounted, as above, in his wheelchair, and canprocess any type or size of text (such as email) and offering greaterprecision.
A Beautiful Mind Hakwing academic career is surprisingly bright. It starts with the procurement, ranking first as a researcher and later as a teacher at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge. In 1973 the Institute of Astronomy leaves to join the Department of Applied Mathematics and PhysicsTheoretical, also in Cambridge, and in 1977 was appointed professor ofGravitational Physics. In 1979 he received the appointment of LucasianProfessor of Mathematics at Cambridge, famous chair occupied by such brilliantminds such as Isaac Newton and Paul Adrien Dirac.It also has twelve honorary graduations in such prestigious institutions asOxford, Cambridge, Yale, Berkeley, Harvard, etc. In addition, a member of theU.S. National Academy of Sciences.Mention in 1989 and received a double international: Queen Elizabeth II namedhim a Companion of Honour and Spain granted the Prince of Asturias Award forConcord.
Talking about disabilityStephen Hawking is aware of their suffering but also the serene faceof adversity and confrontation which is more worthy of admiration, how could confront and tame without losing the humility that characterizes the scholar but not to the wise. In an interview made by the BBC was asked: - Why do you think you have made it famous as a scientist? Do you think your disability has to do with that? And Hawking said: "Im sure my disability has to do with why people are fascinated bythe contrast between my very limited physical powers, and the vast nature of the universe I deal with. Im the archetype of a disabled genius, or rather, a physically challenged genius, to be precise. At least Im obviously with physical disabilities. If I am a genius that is more open to doubt.
Hawking in Oviedo (northern Spain), April 2005,for opening acts of the XXV anniversary of thePrince of Asturias Awards. He had received, in1989, the Prince of Asturias Award for Concord,both for scientific as the example of his responseto adversity in their fight against amyotrophiclateral sclerosis (ALS).In his speech at that time said:"There are good scientific programs on television,but some have only scientific marvels assomething magical, without explaining whether ornot to show how they fit into the framework ofscience. The producers of scientific programs fortelevision should realize they have a responsibilityto educate the public, not just to entertain. "