Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Thinking about your search terms

2,796 views

Published on

Mini slideshow for use in web pages at http://www.dur.ac.uk/library/research/findinginfo/

Published in: Education, Business
  • Be the first to comment

Thinking about your search terms

  1. 1. Computers are stupid Thinking about your search terms
  2. 2. Search terms When you are searching a database or website, in most cases your computer will only search for what you tell it to search for.
  3. 3. Search terms When you are searching a database or website, in most cases your computer will only search for what you tell it to search for. You need to consider…
  4. 4. Search terms When you are searching a database or website, in most cases your computer will only search for what you tell it to search for. You need to consider… • Alternative terms
  5. 5. Search terms When you are searching a database or website, in most cases your computer will only search for what you tell it to search for. You need to consider… • Alternative terms • Terminology
  6. 6. Search terms When you are searching a database or website, in most cases your computer will only search for what you tell it to search for. You need to consider… • Alternative terms • Terminology • Alternative spellings and word endings
  7. 7. Alternative terms Does the author call them “mobile phones” or “cell phones”?
  8. 8. Alternative terms Does the author call them “mobile phones” or “cell phones”? If you search for articles which include the term “teenager” will you miss the article which only refers to “adolescent”?
  9. 9. Terminology The language used by different information sources will vary considerably.
  10. 10. Terminology The language used by different information sources will vary considerably. You will need to take this into account in your searches.
  11. 11. Terminology Think of the different terms which may be employed by:
  12. 12. Terminology Think of the different terms which may be employed by: • A broadsheet newspaper
  13. 13. Terminology Think of the different terms which may be employed by: • A broadsheet newspaper • A tabloid newspaper
  14. 14. Terminology Think of the different terms which may be employed by: • A broadsheet newspaper • A tabloid newspaper • An official publication
  15. 15. Terminology Think of the different terms which may be employed by: • A broadsheet newspaper • A tabloid newspaper • An official publication • An academic journal article
  16. 16. Terminology “motor vehicle” rather than ”car”
  17. 17. Terminology “motor vehicle” rather than ”car” “intoxicated” rather than “drunk”
  18. 18. Terminology “motor vehicle” rather than ”car” “intoxicated” rather than “drunk” “homicide” rather than “murder”?
  19. 19. Terminology Think about differences in terminology between cultures or how terminology changes over time.
  20. 20. Terminology “mental retardation”
  21. 21. Terminology “mental retardation” - started to be commonly used in mid-20th century, replacing earlier terminology no longer perceived as acceptable.
  22. 22. Terminology “mental retardation” - started to be commonly used in mid-20th century, replacing earlier terminology no longer perceived as acceptable. - Now itself perceived as not politically acceptable and being replaced by terms including “intellectual disability”.
  23. 23. Terminology “mental retardation” - started to be commonly used in mid-20th century, replacing earlier terminology no longer perceived as acceptable. - Now itself perceived as not politically acceptable and being replaced by terms including “intellectual disability”. - Still in use in the United States and by the WHO sometime after the phrase became less commonly used in United Kingdom.
  24. 24. Terminology Changes in terminology and spelling especially important when searching historic sources such as newspapers, official publication and pamphlet collections.
  25. 25. Terminology Many publications have their own terminology and spelling style guide.
  26. 26. Terminology Many publications have their own terminology and spelling style guide. Guardian : al-Qaida Sunday Times : al-Qaeda
  27. 27. Variant spellings Spellings vary – for example, think about Americanised and Francophone word spellings:
  28. 28. Variant spellings Spellings vary – for example, think about Americanised and Francophone word spellings: • colour or color
  29. 29. Variant spellings Spellings vary – for example, think about Americanised and Francophone word spellings: • colour or color • centre or center
  30. 30. Variant spellings Spellings vary – for example, think about Americanised and Francophone word spellings: • colour or color • centre or center • licence or license
  31. 31. Variant spellings Spellings vary – for example, think about Americanised and Francophone word spellings: • colour or color • centre or center • licence or license • organised or organized
  32. 32. Variant word stems You also need to put yourself in the head of the author. Spelling may depend on the form of word used.
  33. 33. Variant word stems You also need to put yourself in the head of the author. Spelling may depend on the form of word used. • The police were accused of negligence
  34. 34. Variant word stems You also need to put yourself in the head of the author. Spelling may depend on the form of word used. • The police were accused of negligence • The police were accused of acting negligently
  35. 35. Variant word stems You also need to put yourself in the head of the author. Spelling may depend on the form of word used. • The police were accused of negligence • The police were accused of acting negligently • The police were accused of being negligent
  36. 36. Journal Ranking Usually, academic databases will just search for the terms you tell them to.
  37. 37. Journal Ranking Usually, academic databases will just search for the terms you tell them to. They will not think for themselves.
  38. 38. Journal Ranking Usually, academic databases will just search for the terms you tell them to. They will not think for themselves. So if your search isn’t finding what you want, think about alternative keywords, terminolog y and variant
  39. 39. Image Credits [Slide 1] Via Flickr Creative Commons, by Justin. Original available at http://www.flickr.com/photos/17964151@N00/1804061993/ [Slide 7] Via Flickr Creative Commons by Don Urban. Original available at http://www.flickr.com/photos/18565975@N07/3257999418/ [Slide 8] Via Flickr Creative Commons by Surian Soosay. Original available at http://www.flickr.com/photos/76284765@N00/6027006776 [Slide 16] Via Flickr Creative Commons by @Doug88888. Original available at http://www.flickr.com/photos/29468339@N02/3107120908 [Slide 18] Via Flickr Creative Commons by bs_gif. Original available at http://www.flickr.com/photos/36996450@N06/4165512530
  40. 40. Image Credits [Slide 27-31] Via Flickr Creative Commons, by Didi. Original available at http://www.flickr.com/photos/11356857@N08/4500234472 [Slide 36-38] Via Flickr Creative Commons by JulyYu. Original available at http://www.flickr.com/photos/53953811@N00/311846814
  41. 41. Other Credits This presentation is based upon a learning unit created by the author (James Bisset) whilst employed at the University of the West of England. The original can be viewed in multiple places, including at http://www.uwe.ac.uk/library/resources/bus/learningunits/ibis/media/Thinking% 20about%20your%20search%20terms/Presentation_Files/index.html

×