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Phd process literature review and evaluation (web version)


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2x 10-15 minute presentations as part of larger 2-day course. Followed by 3-hour activity with 1-to-1 guidance where needed.

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Phd process literature review and evaluation (web version)

  1. 1. PHD Process Literature Searching Tools for evaluating researchJames BissetAcademic Liaison Librarian (Research Support)
  2. 2. Part 1:LiteratureSearching
  3. 3. Speed searching- Search strategy for your topic- Refine or expand your search accordingly- Trace academic debate by following up references and citations- Does not mean do everything quickly
  4. 4. Expanding a search (1)• synonyms: power OR energy• alternative spellings/wildcards: behavio?r finds behaviour and behavior labo?r finds labour and labor
  5. 5. Expanding a search (2)• truncation: negligen* finds:• “the police were accused of negligence”• “the police were accused of acting negligently”• “the police were accused of being negligent”
  6. 6. • phrase searching: “nuclear energy”• Proximity searching: within # strateg*• additional keywords: AND climate• Excluding results: NOT weapons
  7. 7. Combining your results
  8. 8. Public opinion and “nuclear power” OR OR nuclear atomicAND Public popula*AND opinion attitude* engag*AND power energyAND weapon* bomb proliferat*NOT
  9. 9. Search strategy activity• Decide in your group which aspect of the research topic you are going to focus on• Identify the keywords within the question/title and write these at the start of the rows• Write synonyms next to each keyword• Truncate or add wildcards as appropriate
  10. 10. Which resources?
  11. 11. Which resources?• Reference works • Theses• Government • Newspapers publications • Conference• Web proceedings• Books/ e-books • Patents• Journals/ e-journals • Primary sources• E-prints • Images• Statistics/ data • Blogs & wikis
  12. 12. Accessing Resources• Which database? – Bibliographic details (includes catalogue) or full-text – General or subject-specific – Be specific e.g. Energy Policy, Renewable Energy, Public Opinion Quarterly etc.• Use to find out if we have full-text
  13. 13. Literature ReviewConstruct a bibliography of ten items with atleast one reference to each of the following:• Book • Media representation• Journal article • Official perspective• Thesis • NGO/charity viewWrite up the search strategy you employedEvaluate the resources you have found in termsof provenance rather than content
  14. 14. Part 2: Tools forEvaluating
  15. 15. Evaluating resources• Who is the author? What is their affiliation?• What is the status of the source? Academic, professional magazine, verifiable webpage?• How up to date? Does it have a date?• Has anyone else referred to this resource? e.g. citations• How do they refer to it? Negative or positive?
  16. 16. Morning Star, March 14th 2009 Daily Mail, March 13th 2009.Is this story about how private businesses Is this story about British workers beingare taking advantage of their workers? forced out of work by workers from the continent?
  17. 17. Citation searching Article Article C E Article Paper ArticleBook 2 Book 3 B A G 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Book1 Book4 Article Article D F
  18. 18. Citation searching
  19. 19. Citation searching
  20. 20. Journal Impact Factors• Use Sum of citation accounts to gauge a measure of “academic quality” of a journal - on-going discussion on appropriateness and reliability of doing so - does give an indication of key journals in a field and where authors like to publish.
  21. 21. Image Credits [Slide 4] Via Flickr Creative Commons, by Ruanon. Original available at [Slide 7] Via Flickr Creative Commons, by viZZZual. Original available at [Slide 18] Screenshot and text from UWE iSkillZone. Original available at [Slide 24-26] Via Flickr Creative Commons, by Kirsty Andrews. Original available at
  22. 22. Image Credits [Slide 30-31] ‘Vitae®, © 2010 Careers Research and Advisory Centre (CRAC) Limited‘ Available at
  23. 23. Measuring ResearcherDevelopment
  24. 24. Measuring Researcher DevelopmentVitae Researcher Development Framework [see image credits]