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Open access full (april 2013) web 2

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Introduction to Open Access (Post Finch Report). Part 1 of a series of short 2-3 minute presentations

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Open access full (april 2013) web 2

  1. 1. Why is Open Accessimportant?Part 2 of “Open Access: What, why,how and recent developments”james.bisset@durham.ac.uk
  2. 2. why?
  3. 3. the publicfundingargument
  4. 4. Ethical argument for OA“the results ofresearch that hasbeen publiclyfunded should befreely accessiblein the publicdomain.”
  5. 5. the financialargument
  6. 6. ... in many cases...• a researcher does the research• a researcher writes the output• a researcher offers their services for peerreview…. for free
  7. 7. ... in many cases...• a researcher does the research• a researcher writes the output• a researcher offers their services for peerreview…. for free• the publisher offers some proofing andformatting and then puts it on the web.
  8. 8. ... in many cases...• the publisher then charges theresearchers* to access the research theyhave conducted, written and peer-reviewed.* (through library budgets or pay-to-view charges)
  9. 9. “journal prices have risen fourtimes faster than inflation sincethe mid-1980s”Peter Suber, Research Professor of Philosophy at Earlham College and Director of theHarvard Open Access Project, quoting research conducted from ARL Statistics 2005-06, Association of Research Libraries, Washington, D.C.
  10. 10. According to The Economist,Elsevier made $1.1 billion in profitin 2010 for a profit margin of 36%.Taylor & Francis’s reported theirown profit margin of 25% in their2010 Annual report“The Price of information” Economist Feb. 4th 2012 .http://www.economist.com/node/21545974p19 of Taylor and Francis’s annual report and financial statement 2010,http://www.informa.com/documents/INF2570%20AR10%20cover%20AW05.pdf
  11. 11. 2010 Operating Profit Margins“Why have so many academics decided to boycott Elsevier”http://www.slideshare.net/scottsne/ecvp2012symposiumslideshareTesco 5%News Corp 7%BMW 12%Coca Cola 22%Apple 35%Elsevier 36%
  12. 12. Journal price inflation
  13. 13. What about scholarly societies?• Many scholarly societies rely on a significant proportionof their income from their journal subscriptions.• This money is then used to support initiatives such aspostdoctoral fellowships.• These are good causes – but not publishing costs.• In effect, these causes are subsidised through studentfees and research funding via library budgets.• This is a question of rethinking the business model of howscholarly societies are funded, and should not be aboutrestricting access to research.http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofsocialsciences/2013/03/12/making-open-access-and-the-uks-scholarly-society-work/
  14. 14. thetechnology & innovationargument
  15. 15. technology enables......unrestricted onlinedissemination...... opens up potential ofaccess and re-use...
  16. 16. ... increasingvisibility, reducing barriersto usage...
  17. 17. ... increasing visibility,reducing barriers to usage...... maximising potentialimpact.
  18. 18. “Open Access enlarges your audienceand citation impact… Studies in manyfields show a correlation between OAand citation-count increases.”Peter Suber, Research Professor of Philosophy at Earlham College and Director of theHarvard Open Access Project
  19. 19. the stick
  20. 20. Many funders, including the UKResearch Councils, theWellcome Trust and theEuropean Commission requireresearch outputs are madeopen access as a condition offunding.
  21. 21. HEFCE are consulting with theacademic and publishingcommunities on requiringoutputs submitted to the REFpost-2014 to be Open Access.
  22. 22. Image Credits[4] Via Flickr Creative Commons, and by WhatDaveSees: Originalavailable here[3] Via Flickr Creative Commons, and by Carol VanHook: Originalavailable here[5] Via Flickr Creative Commons, and by Richard Cocks: Originalavailable here[11] Via Flickr Creative Commons, and by Photo Extremist: Originalavailable here[10] Created using http://photofunia.com/[16] Via Flickr Creative Commons, and by Creative Tools: Originalavailable here

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