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ISNI
Disambiguating Public Identities
What Is ISNI
• ISO Standard, published in 2012
• International Standard Name Identifier
• Numerical representation of a na...
Who is ISNI
• Founding members
– IFRRO (International Federation of Reproduction
Rights Organizations)
– CISAC (Internatio...
Members
Quality Team
Board of Directors
ISNI Organizational Structure
Registration Agencies
Ongoing
assignments/
general p...
How Does ISNI Registration Work
• Publisher submits names for assignment through a Registration
Agency
• RA works with the...
Stage One
Customer
submits data to
Registration
Agency
Registration
Agency sends
file to
Assignment
Agency
Assignment
Agen...
Stage Two
Assignment
Agency sends
assigned file to
Registration
Agency
Registration
Agency sends
assigned file to
Customer...
Stage Three
Assignment
Agency sends
updates on a
monthly basis
Registration
Agency disperses
files to appropriate
Customer...
Display
• Only minimal metadata is displayed
• Not meant as a comprehensive profile
• ISNI is a tool for linking data sets...
Sample Public ISNI Record
ISNI links
10
Who is using ISNIs?
• Wikipedia/Wikidata
• VIAF
• Access Copyright
• Scholar Universe and Pivot
• British Library
• JISC
•...
Einstein’s Wikipedia Page
How many names in the ISNI database?
• Over 8,300,000 assigned
• 10,112,931 provisional (awaiting a match from another
dat...
Use Case: Publisher
Use Case: Research Institution
Use Case: University
Use Case: Cross-Domain Linking
Use Case: Cross-Domain Linking
Data Quality
• Based on matching names to existing records in
database (over 18 million names)
• Strict criteria for assig...
Assignment Criteria
• If on the common surname list:
– Birth date
– Death date
– ISBN(s)
– Title(s)
– Co-authors or instit...
ISNI and ORCID
• ORCID numbers are a subset of ISNI’s database
• Working towards alignment, with ultimate goal of single
a...
If I have an ORCID, do I need an ISNI?
• Identifier across all types of works – particularly relevant
to faculty members i...
Do Your Authors Have ISNIs?
23
Online Registration Coming in Q4 2014
• Bowker is building functionality to register individual
ISNIs online
• First for a...
Laura.Dawson@bowker.com
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The International Standard Name Identifier (ISNI): A Close Look, with Laura Dawson, Product Manager of Identifiers at Bowker

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The International Standard Name Identifier, or ISNI, was created to identify the millions of contributors to creative works and those active in their distribution, including researchers, inventors, writers, artists, visual creators, performers, producers, publishers, aggregators, and more in order to resolve the problem of name ambiguity in search and discovery. Now, Laura Dawson, Product Manager of Identifier Services at Bowker, will show us how ISNI has developed since the standard was first published in 2012. How is it managed? Who receives numbers? What impact has it had on publishing? And how can it be incorporated into current metadata management and distribution?

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The International Standard Name Identifier (ISNI): A Close Look, with Laura Dawson, Product Manager of Identifiers at Bowker

  1. 1. ISNI Disambiguating Public Identities
  2. 2. What Is ISNI • ISO Standard, published in 2012 • International Standard Name Identifier • Numerical representation of a name – 16 digits – Assigned to public figures, contributors of content – researchers, authors, musicians, actors, publishers, research institutions – and subjects of that content (if they are people or institutions). – Example: 0000 0004 1029 5439
  3. 3. Who is ISNI • Founding members – IFRRO (International Federation of Reproduction Rights Organizations) – CISAC (International Confederation of Authors and Composers Societies) – SCAPR (Societies’ Council for the Collective Management of Performers’ Rights) – OCLC – CENL (Conference of European National Librarians), represented by the British Library and the National Library of France – ProQuest, represented by Bowker
  4. 4. Members Quality Team Board of Directors ISNI Organizational Structure Registration Agencies Ongoing assignments/ general public
  5. 5. How Does ISNI Registration Work • Publisher submits names for assignment through a Registration Agency • RA works with the publisher to ensure the data feed is well- formatted, and sends that feed to the Assignment Agency • AA assigns as many ISNIs to the names in the feed as it can, using complex algorithms and business rules that evolve with each feed • AA returns a file of names with ISNIs attached to them – This may not be the full file of names – Ambiguous names are held for review by Quality Team – QT assignments and other exceptions (assignments as a result of improvements to the algorithm) are returned to RA quarterly – Process is not instant. Assignment may be immediate if the name and other information is unique, but frequently assignments take a week or two.
  6. 6. Stage One Customer submits data to Registration Agency Registration Agency sends file to Assignment Agency Assignment Agency assigns as many ISNIs to the names as it can
  7. 7. Stage Two Assignment Agency sends assigned file to Registration Agency Registration Agency sends assigned file to Customer Customer reviews, QAs, ingests
  8. 8. Stage Three Assignment Agency sends updates on a monthly basis Registration Agency disperses files to appropriate Customers Customers ingest updates
  9. 9. Display • Only minimal metadata is displayed • Not meant as a comprehensive profile • ISNI is a tool for linking data sets, collocation, and disambiguation • Enhancements to the record can be made but not required
  10. 10. Sample Public ISNI Record
  11. 11. ISNI links 10
  12. 12. Who is using ISNIs? • Wikipedia/Wikidata • VIAF • Access Copyright • Scholar Universe and Pivot • British Library • JISC • Musicbrainz • Macmillan (Digital Science) • Booknet Canada (piloting) • Authors Guild (piloting)
  13. 13. Einstein’s Wikipedia Page
  14. 14. How many names in the ISNI database? • Over 8,300,000 assigned • 10,112,931 provisional (awaiting a match from another data set for corroboration) • Your author names may well already have ISNIs. http://www.isni.org/search. • Bowker’s Books in Print contains 2.33 million ISNIs – 33% coverage of all contributors, with more coming in monthly.
  15. 15. Use Case: Publisher
  16. 16. Use Case: Research Institution
  17. 17. Use Case: University
  18. 18. Use Case: Cross-Domain Linking
  19. 19. Use Case: Cross-Domain Linking
  20. 20. Data Quality • Based on matching names to existing records in database (over 18 million names) • Strict criteria for assigning ISNIs to names • Quality team oversight (manual edits) – British Library – National Library of France – OCLC 19
  21. 21. Assignment Criteria • If on the common surname list: – Birth date – Death date – ISBN(s) – Title(s) – Co-authors or institutional affiliation • If not on the common surname list – Title(s) – Birth date – Death date – Any other distinguishing factors (“is not”) • If unique – Immediate assignment 20
  22. 22. ISNI and ORCID • ORCID numbers are a subset of ISNI’s database • Working towards alignment, with ultimate goal of single assignment • There is ISNI representation on the ORCID Technical Steering Group, and ORCID representation on the ISNI Technical Committee • A researcher may have both an ORCID and an ISNI 21
  23. 23. If I have an ORCID, do I need an ISNI? • Identifier across all types of works – particularly relevant to faculty members in the Arts and Humanities • Assigned by organizations, such as publishers and universities, on behalf of contributor • Link your ORCID and ISNI and be done – no need to create yet another profile 22
  24. 24. Do Your Authors Have ISNIs? 23
  25. 25. Online Registration Coming in Q4 2014 • Bowker is building functionality to register individual ISNIs online • First for authors who already have ISBNs assigned to them • Phase II includes all contributors • Contributors without ISBNs can continue to register by emailing isni@bowker.com 24
  26. 26. Laura.Dawson@bowker.com

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