“A SURVEY ON SELF MEDICATION PRACTICES AMONG PHARMACY STUDENTS IN SATARA COLLEGE OF PHARMACY, SATARA”
INTRODUCTIONOBJECTIVESMETHODOLOGYRESULT & DISCUSSIONCONCLUSION
Questionnaire21. Demographic data:GenderAgeClass 2. How many minutes of walking does it take for you to reach the nearest health post or medical store?3. How many episodes of illness have you had in the preceding six months?4. What were the main symptoms of your illness?5. Were there any associated complaints?6. Have you used medicines on your own without consulting a doctor in the preceding six months?7. What type of medicine(s) did you use? Please give their Brand name(s).8. What was your main reason for not consulting a doctor?9. If you were not recovered by above medicine, have you consulted a Physician in the preceding six months?
RESULT AND DISCUSSION
Demographic characteristics of volunteers who reported illness in the last six months in Satara college of Pharmacy, Satara, in 2011
Self Medication Practices
“A SURVEY ON SELF MEDICATION PRACTICES AMONG PHARMACY STUDENTS IN SATARA COLLEGE OF PHARMACY, SATARA” By Mr. BIRUDEV BAPU KALE B. PHARM (SEM-VIII) Under the guidance of Asstt. Prof. Mrs. A. K. SALUNKHE M. PHARM (PHARMACEUTICS)
CONTENTS1. Introduction2. Need of present a Survey3. Objectives4. Review of Literature5. Methodology6. Result & Discussion7. Conclusions8. REFERENCES
Introduction Definition of self medication: The selection and use of medicines by individuals to treat self- recognized illnesses or symptoms. Advantages of Self Medication: Time saving. Convenient. Enable patients to control their own chronic conditions. Economical. Useful for mild illness. Reduce the pressure on medical services where health care personnel are insufficient.
Disadvantages of Self Medication:Adverse Drug Reactions.Lack of knowledge about dose.Chances of using wrong medication.Risk of disease aggravation. Drug interactions.
Common drugs used for Self Medication: Sr. No. Drug / drug group Brand names 1 Analgesics Saridon Disprin 2 Antipyretics Calpol Crocin 3 D cold total Cough Preparations Glycodin Corex Benadryl 4 Antibiotics Amoxil Trimox 5 Anti-allergics Levorid Cetzine 6 Gelusil Antacids Rantac Zinetac
NEED OF PRESENT A SURVEY: In economically deprived countries most episodes of illness are treated by self-medication. In a number of developing countries many drugs are dispensed over the counter without medical supervision. In this case, self- medication provides a lower cost-alternative for people who cannot afford the cost of clinical service.
Objectives To assess the self-medication practice. To assess common types of illnesses. To identify frequently used drugs and determinants of self-medication.
REVIEW OF LITERATURE: Verma Rohit K. et. al., (2010) studied self medication among professional students in North India. Samples of 1175 young students belonging to different regions of North India were selected randomly from two institutions of U. P. Technical University. Widayati Aris et.al., (2011) studied self medication with antibiotics in Yogyakarta City Indonesia. A total of 559 questionnaires were analyzed (response rate = 90%).
METHODOLOGY Study site: Study was carried out in Satara College of Pharmacy, Satara. It is the health professional training institute in Satara. It was established in 1999. The college is a pioneer in training Health Professionals. Since then, the college is expanding its scope of activities and currently it is training students in Pharmacy Profession. Study population: The cross-sectional study was conducted on 100 volunteers (students and teaching staff) taken as a sample from a total of 500 volunteers (students and teaching staff) in Satara College of Pharmacy Satara. A random sampling method was used to choose the respective number of volunteers (students and teachers).
Data collection and analysis:A study with six month illness recall was conducted.The pre-tested, semi-structured questionnaire was prepared. Data was collectedfrom January 15 to February 21, 2012. The study subjects were informed that theinformation collected would be anonymous; and participation would be totallyvoluntary. The age, sex, and year of study were noted. The information regardingthe type of medication, illness for which the medication was used and the reasonfor not consulting a doctor was collected. The pattern of drug use over a six-month period preceding the study was noted. Their attitude toward self-medication and source of information for those who practiced self-medicationwere also recorded. Data were analyzed using Microsoft Excel and the resultswere presented using absolute figures and percentages.
Questionnaire:1. Demographic data: Gender Age Class2. How many minutes of walking does it take for you to reach the nearest healthpost or medical store?3. How many episodes of illness have you had in the preceding six months?4. What were the main symptoms of your illness?5. Were there any associated complaints?6. Have you used medicines on your own without consulting a doctor in thepreceding six months?7. What type of medicine(s) did you use? Please give their Brand name(s).8. What was your main reason for not consulting a doctor?9. If you were not recovered by above medicine, have you consulted a Physicianin the preceding six months?
Demographic characteristics of volunteers who reported illness in the lastsix months in Satara college of Pharmacy, Satara, in 2011: Sr. Percentage Variable Frequency No. (%) Sex 1 Male (n = 53) 53 53 Female (n = 47) 47 47 Age 2 18-20 23 23 21 – 24 (n = 57) 57 57 25 and above 20 20 Year 3 B. Pharm I year (n = 2) 02 02 B. Pharm II year (n = 6) 06 06 B. Pharm III year (n = 12) 12 12 B. Pharm IV year (n = 45) 45 45 I year Diploma(n=3) 03 03 07 II year Diploma(n=7) 07 M. Pharm (n=10) 10 10 Teaching staff 15 (n = 15) 15
Frequency of reported symptoms / disease: Sr. No. Type of symptoms/ Frequency Percentage (%) diseases 1 Fever / Headache 53 53 / Body ache 2 Cough and 12 12 Common cold 3 Hyperacidity 27 27 4 Diarrhea/ 4 4 Dysentery 5 Eye/ Ear/ Skin 4 4 infections
Measures taken by students who reported an illness: Sr. No. Measure Drug source Frequency Percentage taken (%) Pharmacy or 1 Visiting drug shop with 5 5 physician prescription Pharmacy or 2 Self- drug shop 92 92 medication without prescription Drugs left over from 3 3 prior use
Drugs or drug groups used by the volunteers for self-medication: Sr. No. Drugs/drug Frequency Percentage (%) groups 1 NSAIDs 39 41.05 2 Anti-allergics 17 17.89 3 Anti-tussives 4 4.21 4 Antacids 22 23.15 5 Eye/ Ear drops 2 2.10 6 Anti-amoebics 2 2.10 7 Anti-biotics 9 9.47
Factors for self-medication: Sr. No. Reason Frequency Percentage (%) 1 Prior 27 28.42 experience 2 Non-serious 47 49.47 illness 3 Emergency use 10 10.52 4 Cost- 11 11.57 effectiveness
Information source for those who practiced self-medication: Sr. No. Information Percentage Frequency source (%) 1 Reading 43 45.26 material 2 Advice from 32 33.68 pharmacist 3 Advice from 14 14.73 friend 4 Others 6 6.31
Attitude of volunteers toward self medication practice: Sr. No. Attitude Frequency Percent(%) 1 Agree 91 91 2 Disagree 05 5 3 Others (no 04 4 comment)
CONCLUSIONSStudents in Satara College of Pharmacy Satara,95%, practiced self-medication. NSAIDs(e.g.Paracetamol) were the drugs most commonlyused. Prescription drugs such as antibiotics wereinvolved in self-medication practice. Priorexperience and non-seriousness of the illnesswere the most common reasons for self-medication. Although the self-medication practiceis inevitable; drug authorities and healthprofessionals need to educate students about thepros and cons of self medication
REFERENCES: World Health Organization. The Role of pharmacist in Heath Care System; 1998. Available from: http://www.apps.who.int/medicinedocs/en/d/Jwhozip32e Shankar PR, Partha P, Shenoy N. Self-medication and non-doctor prescription practices in Pokhara valley, Western Nepal: A questionnaire-based study. BMC Fam Pract. 2002; 3:17. Mandavi Pramil Tiwarl and Vinay Kapur. Indian J. Pharm .pract1 (1), Oct-Dec, 2008 V. D. Phalke, D. B. Phalke, P. M. Durgawale. Indian Journal of Community Medicine Vol31, No.1, Jan-Mar, 2006. Greenhalgh T. Drug prescription and self-medication in India: an exploratory survey. Soc Sci Med. 1987; 25:307–318. doi: 10.1016/0277-9536(87)90233-4. Sharma HB, Gautam RP, Vaidya S., Eds. District development profile of Nepal. Kathmandu, Informal sector research and study center. 2001.