Privacy Awareness of Students and   its Impact on Online Learning    Participation – a Case Study             Birgy Lorenz...
Hypothesis• Positive correlation between students level of  participation and their privacy awareness• High level privacy ...
Background• Researches  – Technical  – Data oriented• Estonia  – University vs. High School• Framework  – Razavi and Iverson
Focus group (61 participants)• High School students without e-learning  experience• University students with experience of...
Method• Likert scale questionnaire in LimeSurvey.  Questions were divided on three groups:1. Background of participants2. ...
How useful for you are the following         online activities
sometimes readBehaviour                     "terms", depending of                                   the service           ...
Those who are active on the Net tend           to believe that• It is very easy -   – to find anonymously information abou...
Believers that teacher’s should always make extra efforts in providing support for theirstudents (e.g. Safeness of the env...
Believers that teacher’s should always make extra efforts in providing support for theirstudents (e.g. Safeness of the env...
Grading and feedback• Few feels that it should be public, others say it  should be private                     University•...
In the end• People (58%) without training didnt think about  the privacy issues• People (42%) who has had some kind of tra...
In the end (continuing)• Some people feels that there should be more  options for content filtering in VLE and  PLE, but a...
Conclusions• Students need to be ensured that their online  learning activities are protected from potential  privacy thre...
Next steps• Teachers education  – It is teachers’ task to explain – teachers themselves    need more education about the m...
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Birgy Lorenz, Sonia Sousa, Vladimir Tomberg Privacy Awareness of Students and its Impact on Online Learning Participation – a Case Study

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Birgy Lorenz, Sonia Sousa, Vladimir Tomberg Privacy Awareness of Students and its Impact on Online Learning Participation – a Case Study

  1. 1. Privacy Awareness of Students and its Impact on Online Learning Participation – a Case Study Birgy Lorenz Sonia Sousa and Vladimir Tomberg Tallinn University
  2. 2. Hypothesis• Positive correlation between students level of participation and their privacy awareness• High level privacy awareness affect trust in open learning environments
  3. 3. Background• Researches – Technical – Data oriented• Estonia – University vs. High School• Framework – Razavi and Iverson
  4. 4. Focus group (61 participants)• High School students without e-learning experience• University students with experience of using LePress http://wordpress.org/extend/plugins/lepress-20/
  5. 5. Method• Likert scale questionnaire in LimeSurvey. Questions were divided on three groups:1. Background of participants2. Privacy awareness3. Predisposition to participate in open learning activities
  6. 6. How useful for you are the following online activities
  7. 7. sometimes readBehaviour "terms", depending of the service dont read „terms of service“ had unofficial talk had no privacy awareness talk/course 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60%• Using „real name“ is important in business, not in private life• People dont filter their post• Use of mobile tools is higher in High School and they see themselves as more competent than University students
  8. 8. Those who are active on the Net tend to believe that• It is very easy - – to find anonymously information about “friends” – to post comments anonymously on the web• It is not easy – to remove content that others post about me in the web permanently• it is not safe to debate in specific forum/discussions groups on the web
  9. 9. Believers that teacher’s should always make extra efforts in providing support for theirstudents (e.g. Safeness of the environment)• It is very easy to: – post anonymously comments in the web – find anonymously information and pictures about ”friends” in the Facebook
  10. 10. Believers that teacher’s should always make extra efforts in providing support for theirstudents (e.g. Safeness of the environment)• It is safe to, for example: – to read and send e-mail through an email account – to read teacher feedback in online closed learning environment• It is not to safe – to share working related resources – to exchange comments with other colleagues using social Internet tools
  11. 11. Grading and feedback• Few feels that it should be public, others say it should be private University• Users who got teacher’s feedback from VLE dont mind that university keeps a copy of their work• Users who publishes their work openly are more open also for commenting etc.• Users who think that it is very easy to post anonymous comments think also that other students cheat and plagiarize more if they’ll publish something in the Internet
  12. 12. In the end• People (58%) without training didnt think about the privacy issues• People (42%) who has had some kind of training expect more help and providing information about the used tools from teachers• Some people can „shut down“ if they are asked: – to participate in public learning activities, – to be tagged in photos – to share their work in public at the same time they can be very active in social networking etc.
  13. 13. In the end (continuing)• Some people feels that there should be more options for content filtering in VLE and PLE, but at the same time a 77% are too lazy to read „terms“ thru or to filter anything when they have that option• No real evidences were found about the differences of mind-set between university or high school students regarding knowledge about learning systems
  14. 14. Conclusions• Students need to be ensured that their online learning activities are protected from potential privacy threats• Student who uses LePress or another PLE tool should be able to define access restrictions to his/her resources or information• Grading, homework feedback or comments should in many cases stay private• These findings allow us to start a new redesign iteration of LePress software for PLE privacy needs
  15. 15. Next steps• Teachers education – It is teachers’ task to explain – teachers themselves need more education about the matter?• PLE – Tools for students to filter their posts/materials – more flexible sharing/privacy options – Self-educational information inside the system??• TEL community PhD students from Spain, Sweden, Mexico have similar interest so we continue with the research

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