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Organic Gardening Simple Steps by Leroy A. Brown Organic Consultant and Organic Farmer at Cariporter Inc. He is also the author of WHY ORGANIC FARMING IS GREAT FOR CANADA.

Organic Gardening Simple Steps can be downloaded for FREE at

It is designed to make it very simple and easy to grow organic food and to have nice organic vegetables and fruits.

Going organic is not only healthier, but it is the surest way of preventing toxic chemicals from entering the body. It also offers a better guarantee of having nutritional, organic food.

So go ahead and enjoy the information.

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  1. 1. Organic Gardening Simple Steps By Leroy A. Brown Organic Gardening Simple Steps By Leroy A. Brown, Organic Consultant Spring is the preferred time of the year by many to start an organic garden. If you live in a country that is cold, and has snow and frost part of the year such as Canada, spring and summer are your best times for growing things. If you live in a warm country like Jamaica, then you can grow anytime of the year. Nevertheless, there is something magical about spring. It is as if it gives someone a new beginning, and the environment a fresh start. Many plants and animals become more present, adding to the beauty of Mother Nature. To help make organic gardening easier, as well as to get more individuals practicing organic horticulture, here are simple steps to get you started, and to be successful in your organic cultivation endeavours. Organic veggies from urban garden Compost from the City of Toronto
  2. 2. Organic Gardening Simple Steps By Leroy A. Brown 1. Make a plan Making a plan means knowing what you want to grow; knowing how much you want to grow; knowing how much is it going to cost you to do your gardening; knowing where you are going to grow your crops; knowing what each type of plant needs such as nutrient, and how you are going to provide it; knowing if you need a soil test; knowing what pests and diseases are likely for each type of plant, and how you can prevent them; and so on. 2. Prepare the land Preparing the land is crucial, because if done properly, you will have less work to do, and more fun as you become successful.  If you have sufficient earthworms in your soil, and the soil is more loam and humus than hard and clayish, then you do not have to aerate the earth, (i.e. boring holes in the soil for air to get in). This is because the earthworms make very small burrows that allow air into the soil, as they travel in and out of the soil. Garden layout as part of plan Preparing land  If the soil is hard like clay, you will have to plough it, (i.e. turn the soil over usually with a spade or rototiller).  If you have done a soil test, then you would know how much nutrient is present in the earth. If there is need for more, then adding compost is a great way to go.  Be careful when you buy fertilizers or compost from stores, especially if they promote weed free and/or quick growth. They usually have conventional ingredients in them.
  3. 3. Organic Gardening Simple Steps By Leroy A. Brown  Well decomposed cow, chicken, pig or horse manure is great as compost. Worm castings are good for fertilizing. You may even use the broken down components in your homemade compost that has your plant materials such as grass cuttings, leaves, banana peels, discarded vegetables, onion skin, etc. Place these nutrients in the soil around the roots, not on the plants, especially if they are leafy vegetables like lettuces and mustard greens.  Wash hands after attending to your garden, and especially after handling manure. 3. Planting  Remove all weeds in the area you wish to plant. This will give the crops a better chance of surviving.  When planting, try to use certified organic seeds or seedlings. If not available, use seeds or seedlings that have not been treated with conventional chemicals. Earthworm Marigold  Give your plants enough room for them to grow, and to minimize the spread of pests and diseases if they occur.  Many individuals plant flowers which is good. It is also just as good to grow things that are edible. For example, nasturtiums are beautiful flowers that can be eaten.  Growing edible plants can be very rewarding, such as reducing your food bill. And if one were to replace his or her lawn or part of it with crops that produce food that he or she consumes regularly such as tomatoes,
  4. 4. Organic Gardening Simple Steps By Leroy A. Brown parsley, lettuce, etc., he or she will not only save on grocery purchases, but may also see cutbacks in their water bill. 4. Watering  Rainwater is best for plants and free. Therefore, store as much as possible from roof(s) and the open air. It will definitely help in making your organic gardening less costly, while reducing your water bill and conserving water.  If it rains do not water! Allow your garden to get almost dry, before watering again.  It is best to water in the mornings before the sun is fully up. This is because, plants need water during the day to prevent water loss, and is important for photosynthesis.  Sprinkling the entire plant is good, however, ensure that the roots receive adequate water.  Do not waterlog the soil! This can cause root disease(s) and ultimately kill the crop. Nasturtium – edible flower Leroy with 10lb zucchinis grown in backyard in Toronto, Canada  Use mulch such as grass cuttings and straw around the plant to conserve water and prevent weeds.
  5. 5. Organic Gardening Simple Steps By Leroy A. Brown 5. Dealing with weeds  Get weeds out by the root before you start planting. This will help to ensure they take longer to grow back.  Use mulch such as grass cuttings, straw, wood chips, egg shells, etc. around the plants to suppress weeds and conserve water. 6. Dealing with pests  Plant companion crops to help repel pests from your plants. For example, plant peppers (companion crop) beside tomatoes.  You may also plant marigold that helps to get rid of pests.  Use homemade solutions such as water and garlic to get rid of whiteflies, aphids, and so on. All solutions must be safe for you and the environment. Planting organic seedlings Weeding using spade and hands  Practice crop rotation, which is growing plants in different locations each season. For example, where you plant your tomatoes and peppers this year, switch them around next year, or plant them in an entirely different location. This practice basically “tricks” pests. So go ahead and enjoy your organic gardening and like us at for more organic information