Big Draw Wednesday 26th September 2012WALT : draw from life using a viewfinder
Big DrawWe are going to be looking in and aroundour classrooms to create our drawings forthis year’s Big Draw.To help us, we need a special tool called aviewfinder.
What is a viewfinder?In art, a viewfinder is a small frame you can look through.Have you ever seen artists using their fingers to form asquare?Their arms are outstretched and they look like they areframing the view before them.
Here are some artists using their fingers asviewfinders :
What is a viewfinder?These artists are actually using their fingers as a border tohelp them visualise what they want to draw.The frame they create with their fingers helps them findexactly the view they want to draw.
However, it is easierto use a realviewfinder. A viewfinder is an adjustable see-through drawing tool. It helps you to view focus on exactly what you want to draw.
Why do I need to use a viewfinder?Viewfinders help you to focus clearly on the subjectyou want to draw.
A viewfinder canhelp you create anideal compositionby eliminatingclutter andunnecessaryobjects near thesubject of yourdrawing.You can makeyour ownviewfinder.Here are somechildren usingviewfinders…
A viewfindercan help youfocus on aparticularsubject closeup or see thesubject from adifferent pointof view.It helps youcreate theperfectcomposition.
How do I make a viewfinder?You will need : card, scissors, pencil ruler & paperclips.
1. Draw two large L shapes on your card, using a pencil and a ruler along the edges of your card. The bars of the L shape should be about 3 cm wide. This is about the width of your ruler. Both shapes can go on the same card.
2. Carefully cut the L-shapes out. Now you have two halves of a frame. You won’t need the small square that’s left over. _________ _________________
3. Lay them on the table so that they form a frame with one L shape lying slightly on top of the other.Use your paper clips to join the L shapes together at the edgeslike this…
How do I use a viewfinder?Hold your viewfinder out in front of you, with your arm outstretched. Let’suse a chair to look at, for an example.If it helps, close or cover up one eye when you look through the hole.Make sure the chair is touching at least 2 sides of the viewfinderrectangle. You can adjust it either way, wider or narrower, to help youfocus on the chair.
How do I use a viewfinder?This forms a border around the chair and lets you see the chair,and the spaces around the chair.We call this negative space (the space between the chair andthe borders of the viewfinder).It might take some time but wait until you can see the negativespace as a shape.Sometimes you can focus on the negative space to create adrawing, if you like. Look at the negative space around thesevases. What do you see?
Hold the edge of the viewfinder and look through the hole at your view. Always hold it at arm’s length so that your view will be the same every time you look at the subject. Move the viewfinder around, looking at different views – it’s like looking through the viewfinder of a camera – until you find a view that’s interesting and pleasing to your eye.Your viewfinder can also be used to select a section of a larger object, andcan even be placed over an object if you can make it stay in place.Relate the shape of your drawing to the shape of the viewfinder window – along narrow window will result in a long narrow drawing, a square windowwill result in a square drawing, and so on.
You can use it in portrait positionlike this :
Now try out different views.Look at a book through your viewfinder. Zoom outby moving the view finder closer to your eye. Whatdo you see?Try not to pay attention to anything outside of yourframe! You probably see the whole book and part ofthe room around it.Now, zoom in by moving the viewfinder closer to thepage. Do you see much more than a few words?
Focus on yoursubject – the thingyou want to draw.Use your view finder tosearch your location.What would make aninteresting picture?Zoom out! If you moveyour viewfinder edgesfurther apart, or thewhole thing furtheraway from you, you’llbe able to see a widerlandscape.
Zoom in! If you moveyour viewfinder closeenough, you’ll only beable to see simpleshapes, colours andpatterns.By keeping your armoutstretched andnoting where theobject is touching theborder, you shouldsee the same vieweach time you lookthrough theviewfinder.
Begin your picture.1.Hold your viewfinder very still.2.Pretend the viewfinder is the frame of your picture. Thismeans you shouldn’t add anything you don’t see inside of it.3. With your pencil and paper, draw the outline of everythingyou see inside your viewfinder. Fill your paper.