Linguistic Anthropology


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Linguistic Anthropology

  1. 1. Linguistic Anthropology <br />Lindsey, Phaedra, Fiona, Kaleigh, Aki<br />
  2. 2. Regions Studied <br />
  3. 3. - Linguistic Anthropology is the study of how language effects social life.<br />-It also Studies communication in the context of human social and cultural diversity, past and present.<br />What is Linguistic Anthropology?<br />
  4. 4. <ul><li>Anthropologists in the Linguistic field study modern communication methods, or a lost language from a long ago group of people.
  5. 5. They also work with people trying to preserve their language for extinction.</li></ul>What do Linguistic Anthropologists do?<br />
  6. 6. <ul><li>Work for museums as researchers or consultants.
  7. 7. They may teach English overseas.
  8. 8. Work for the government at historic sites or trusts, as translators for different agencies, or with refugee or migration groups.</li></ul>Possible Careers<br />
  9. 9. USA<br />- Slang is a set of highly informal words and expressions that are not considered standard in a speaker’s language. Slang is regional and sometimes its words and expressions can spread outside their original area.<br />-Culture is a shared system of symbols, beliefs, attitudes, values, expectations and norms of behavior.<br />South America<br />-"Afrikanerisms" meaning slang words and phrases influenced by Africana and other African language.<br />What are the different types of slang, and communication between groups of people and cultures?<br />
  10. 10. USA<br />-During the middle ages very little standardized language was used.<br />-During the sixteenth century language was created for use by criminals, but was not known as slang until the eighteenth century.<br />-Slang was influenced by different cultural differences in America then expanded.<br />History<br />
  11. 11. USA<br />English slang was assisted by a number of slang types<br />·      Social taboos<br />·      Sexuality violence<br />·      Crime<br />·      Drugs<br />USA Slang Groups <br />
  12. 12. USA<br />-ace- very good<br />-airhead- stupid person<br />-beat- exhausted<br />-bent- angry<br />-catch some rays- get some sunshine<br />-cheesy- cheap<br />-dead- quiet<br />South America<br />-Agman- oh man<br />-Baas-bass<br />-Babbelas- hangover<br />-Bakgat- cool<br />-jeva- girlfriend<br />-bra- dude<br />-doss- sleep<br />Slang Words<br />
  13. 13. British<br />-Ace- awesome<br />-Agro- trouble<br />-Barmy- mad or crazy<br />-Chav- Someonewho is stuck-up andrude<br />-knock up- to wake someone up<br />-leg it- run or run for it<br />-Nacked- pissed<br />Japan<br />-cho-super<br />-sugoi- great<br />-ukeru- funny<br />-umai- delicious<br />-Yabai- wow!<br />-hentai- perv<br />-shine- go to hell<br />Slang Words<br />
  14. 14. Filipino<br />-Naksnaman- wow<br />-sorry na- sarcastic sorry<br />-jejemon- a filipino who uses numbers in words while texting<br />-sipsip- a person who sucks up to someone<br />-Kulangsapansin- someone who lacks attention<br />Slang Words<br />
  15. 15. USA<br />You always refer to your elders as Mam, or Sir. You must be respectful. It is polite to assist them with their tasks. Be respectful at all times, when riding in the car it is polite to let the elder sit in the front seat. <br />British<br />The traditions of the British are very similar to that of the USA, although there are slight differences. You might offer to make your elder tea or a hot drink. The formality of speaking to your elders is not as respectful <br />How To Speak to your elders<br />
  16. 16. Japan<br />In Japan respect for your elders is a huge concept. You may bow to them when saying hello or goodbye. When addressing your authority members you would use a word in Japanese that means thank you for working for us. While talking to your mom, you would say mother instead of mama. If your speaking to an elder you might say their name with san at the end as a sign of respect.<br />The Philippines <br />The first sign of respect to your elders in The Philippines is when you meet them, and this is a sign of putting their hand on your forehead. A word of respect in the language would be po, it is used in a lot of settings. When your elders ask you to do something it is called “Utos” and if you refuse it is very shameful.<br />How To Speak to your elders<br />
  17. 17. What is Considered rude when talking to people?<br />America<br />-Do not ask personal questions (marital status, income, etc.) unless you are familiar with the person.<br />-Do not refer to African Americans as “Negros” because this is politically incorrect and extremely rude.<br />South America<br />-Do not say a bad word about Christianity or other religions in South America. It is considered a sensitive subject.<br />-Not using a formal title or using the proper pronoun could be considered offensive, especially if the person is in a higher position than you (i.e. senior citizen).<br />
  18. 18. What is considered rude when talking to people?<br />South Africa<br />-Don’t refer to Afrikaners as Dutch, because they do not consider themselves to be Dutch and they might be offended.<br />-Do not make generalizations or speak badly of any religion. South Africa is a very diverse place with many different belief systems, and being ignorant on those subjects may not please some people.<br />Britain<br />-Don’t ask too many questions about people’s personal lives.<br />-Don’t talk about the price of things you bought, or the cost of your holiday (unless you are relatively close to the person), because it could be considered bragging, which is rude.<br />
  19. 19. What is Considered rude when talking to people?<br />Japan<br />-It is considered rude to openly criticize someone in a conversation, even if they are not around.<br />-Often times in high school or middle school, students will refer to older students as ‘senpai’, which is a sign of respect. If you don’t call them by their titles, it could be considered inappropriate.<br />Korea<br />-If you are talking to someone who you are not very close with, it is important to consider his or her ‘position’ and refer to him or her by the correct title. If you don’t, it would be considered rude.<br />-It would be considered rude to bring up controversial or sensitive topics, such as politics, communism, or the Korean War.<br />Philippines<br />-Refer to people by their honorific titles until they tell you to do otherwise.<br />-Openly criticizing people would be considered rude.<br />
  20. 20. America<br />-It is acceptable to use the “OK” hand gesture.<br />-It is acceptable to use the “Thumbs Up” hand gesture.<br />-It is acceptable to motion to someone to “come here” by curling your finger at them.<br />South America<br />-It is NOT acceptable to use the “OK” gesture. It is considered aggressive.<br />Europe<br />-It is acceptable to use the “OK” hand gesture.<br />-It is acceptable to use the “Thumbs Up” hand gesture.<br />-Although, in France, it is not acceptable to use the “OK” gesture.<br />South Africa<br />-It is acceptable to use the “Thumbs Up” hand gesture, but NOT the “OK” hand gesture.<br />Asia (Philippines, Korea, Japan)<br />-It is NOT acceptable to use the “Thumbs Up” OR “OK” hand gesture because it is considered rude.<br />Gestures that are done with fingers<br />
  21. 21. America<br />-The middle finger to someone’s face is widely known as an aggressive gesture but it is mostly used in America to signal the “F” word.<br />South America<br />-The middle finger is considered aggressive and surprisingly is also the “OK” sign. It is also used as a substitute for the middle finger.<br />Europe<br />-In England, the middle finger is barely used. Instead, they use the gesture of putting up your middle and index finger, nails facing the other person, blowing your cheeks out with your tongue out. <br />Asia (Philippines, Korea, Japan)<br />-In Japan, The gesture “Talk to the Hand” is used to show great disrespect. The motion consists of putting your hand (palm towards them) to their face and turn their head.<br />What is considered aggressive<br />
  22. 22. America<br />-It is not considered rude in America to prolong eye contact when showing you are listening to someone.<br />-It is considered a sign of confidence when you stand with your hands on your hips in public.<br />-It is rude to pick your nose in public.<br />South Africa<br />-It is rude to prolong eye contact and to pick your nose in public.<br />-It is rude to stand very close to a stranger in public, put your hands in your pockets for a long time in public and also to cross our arms in public is a sign of arrogance. <br />Asia<br />Nose picking is very ugly to watch in Western Countries, though in Asia, especially China, it is perfectly acceptable to pick your nose in public.<br />Prolonged eye contact is considered rude mostly everywhere in Asia.<br />What is and is not considered rude<br />
  23. 23. America<br />-In America, when two people meet each other, it’s a necessity to shake hands with the other person. Only hand to hand when meeting a stranger. Between two friends, most people will either “High Five,” “Fist Bump,” or hug the other person they are meeting.<br />Europe<br />-In most of Europe, when meeting someone, you meet them with a kiss to the cheek. Except in England, where touching is not positively looked at. Usually a hand shake or a nod is exchanged.<br />Asia<br />-In Asia, instead of shaking hands, most people either exchange a kiss to the cheek or mouth. <br />Greetings<br />
  24. 24. America<br />-In America, it is considered homosexual when two of the same sex’s hold hands in public and it makes many people uncomfortable.<br />South America<br />-It is dangerous to hold hands with same gender because homosexuality is extremely looked down on.<br />Asia<br />-It is acceptable for two of the same sex’s to hold hands in public without people coming to the conclusion that they are homosexual.<br />Same sex gestures <br />