Visual Tools In Teaching Learning


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Visual Tools In Teaching Learning

  1. 1. Visual Tools in teaching and learning Presented by  Dr.B.Victor, St.Xavier’s College Palayamkottai.
  2. 2. <ul><li>“ There is great need for a new approach, new methods and new tools in teaching, man’s oldest and most reactionary craft” </li></ul><ul><li>- Peter Drucker </li></ul>
  3. 3. CHANGING FACE OF EDUCATION AT 21 ST CENTURY <ul><li>Higher education systems have been undergoing a “Creative revolution. </li></ul><ul><li>The knowledge base of education is changed. </li></ul><ul><li>The tool available to ‘do’ education is changing. </li></ul><ul><li>The roles of teachers are changing from knowledge transmitter to learning facilitator. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Dimensions of HEIs
  5. 5. Instructional dimensions
  6. 6. Instructional strategies
  7. 7. Lecture as an instructional method <ul><li>Lecture methods usually designed to develop lower cognitive skills </li></ul><ul><li>Lecture still holds - central position at many levels of education </li></ul><ul><li>Lecture method is not particularly effective in achieving higher cognitive objectives. (helping students to apply basic facts and principles, analyze, synthesize, solve problems etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Non-interactive - students are normally passive listeners </li></ul>
  8. 8. The most important uses of lectures: <ul><li>To provide a general introduction to a course </li></ul><ul><li>To provide to broad overview of a new topic or subject area </li></ul><ul><li>To deal in depth with a particularly important principle, law, theorem, method etc and its main applications </li></ul><ul><li>To provide a detailed description of a key system or process </li></ul><ul><li>To provide a detailed case study in an important area </li></ul><ul><li>To present a critical comparative evaluation of processes / methods </li></ul>
  9. 9. Engaged learners
  10. 10. Multi-sensory perceptions of learners
  11. 11. Core thinking skills of learners
  12. 12. Multiple thinking processes
  13. 13. The outcomes of education <ul><li>A list of learners' abilities </li></ul><ul><li>(Nightingale, Te Wiata, Toohey, Ryan Hughes and Magin, 1996) </li></ul><ul><li>Thinking critically and making judgements </li></ul><ul><li>Solving problems and developing plans </li></ul><ul><li>Performing procedures and demonstrating techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Managing and developing oneself </li></ul><ul><li>Accessing and managing information </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrating knowledge and understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Designing, creating, performing and </li></ul><ul><li>Communicating </li></ul>
  14. 14. Train the mind to think <ul><li>As Albert Einstain once put it, </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The true purpose of education is to train the mind to think&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Essential skills of students' success </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Learning to think </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Learning to learn </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Teaching – learning Process: Tools and techniques <ul><li>Teaching – learning process is an integral part of any educational system. </li></ul><ul><li> Tools and techniques are essential ingredients of teaching – learning process </li></ul><ul><li>In general tools and techniques can be broadly defined as the practical methods and skills applied to specific activities to enable improvements </li></ul>
  16. 16. Why visual literacy? <ul><li>90% of all information that comes into our brain is VISUAL </li></ul><ul><li>40% of all nerve fibres connected to the brain are linked to the RETINA </li></ul><ul><li>36,000 visual images per hour may be registered by the EYES </li></ul><ul><li>From Brain Based Learning - Eric Jensen, 1996 </li></ul>
  17. 17. Applications of visual thinking <ul><li>Composing </li></ul><ul><li>Designing </li></ul><ul><li>Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Authoring </li></ul><ul><li>Process planning </li></ul><ul><li>Time tabling </li></ul><ul><li>Creativity and innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Scenarios </li></ul><ul><li>Team building </li></ul><ul><li>Purposing </li></ul><ul><li>Visioning </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic diagrams </li></ul><ul><li>Action planning </li></ul>
  18. 18. There are 4 benefits of using visual learning techniques <ul><li>V isual learning </li></ul><ul><li>1. Helps the students clarify thoughts and information </li></ul><ul><li>2. Reinforces understanding through connection </li></ul><ul><li>3. Helps the student integrate knowledge with prior learning </li></ul><ul><li>4. Helps the teacher identify students' misconceptions. </li></ul>&quot; One seeing is better than a hundred times telling about&quot; - Old Chinese proverb.
  19. 19. Why visual tools? <ul><li>Reasons </li></ul><ul><li>1 . Visual tools provide direction for thinking .Students find success as self- </li></ul><ul><li>directed learners. </li></ul><ul><li>2 . Visual tools make it possible to reach higher - order thinking skills (HOTS). </li></ul><ul><li>It can help visual learners more effectively organize their thinking </li></ul>
  20. 20. Qualities of visual tools Reflective Visual tools Consistent Integrative Developmental Flexible
  21. 21. <ul><li>Visual tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical models </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mental pictures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pictures and pictographs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kinesthetic activity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Visual maps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brainstorming webs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Task-specific organizers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thinking - process maps </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Visual tools <ul><li>Visual learning helps students to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brainstorm ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop, organize and communicate ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>See connections, patterns and relationships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assess and share prior knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop vocabulary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outline for writing process activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Highlight important ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clarify or categorize concepts, ideas and information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comprehend the events in a story or book </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve social interaction between students and facilitate group work and collaboration among peers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guide, review and study </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve reading comprehensive skills and strategies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitate recall and retention </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. About the presenter <ul><li>Dr.B.Victor is a highly experienced postgraduate biology teacher, recently retired from the reputed educational institution St. Xavier’ s College, Palayamkottai, India-627001. </li></ul><ul><li>He was the dean of sciences and assistant controller of examinations. </li></ul><ul><li>He has more than 32 years of teaching and research experience </li></ul><ul><li>He has taught a diversity of courses ranging from Send your comments to : pre- university to post graduate classes. </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>
  24. 24. Presentation is over