Alternative energy programs at bradford2012

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Alternative energy programs at bradford2012

  1. 1. Alternative EnergyPrograms at Bradford Tim Reinbott
  2. 2. Outside Furnace• Typically used 9,000 gallons of propane for 10,000 sqft blding and shop when the gun was used• By using Pallets cut that to 3,000 gallons when pallets were used
  3. 3. New Outside Furnace• Stainless Steel• Pallet Burner
  4. 4. Passive Solar Greenhouse• Aren’t all Greenhouses Solar?• Yes, but a Passive Solar Greenhouse does not use an artificial heat source – Instead water, concrete, or some other heat holding material
  5. 5. Heat Source• Black 55 gallon Barrels filled with water• Rule of Thumb-2.5 gallons/ ft2 of glazing for season extension or 5 gallons/ft2 for all season
  6. 6. Temperature During January
  7. 7. Greenhouse Dailey Low and Water High and Low 100 80Temperature 60 40 20 0 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 33 35 37 39 41 43 45 47 49 51 53 55 Julian Day of the Year GH Low Water High Water Low
  8. 8. Passive Solar Greenhouse
  9. 9. Additional Idea• South Hip Wall Plastic being able to be rolled up and down – Allow for cooling in the warmer weather – Can be raised or lowered each day – Sealed down during the winter.
  10. 10. Cost• Lumber, fasteners, hardware, door, insulation, etc-$1619• Exhaust Fan, Shutter, Thermostat, plastic, etc.- $786• Concrete-$190• Electric-$490• Water-$190• Total-$3,275
  11. 11. Corn Stove For Our Greenhouse• 30 x 40 ft Greenhouse
  12. 12. Corn Stove
  13. 13. Corn Stove• How Much Corn Do You Use? – In a insulated house on a cold day about 1 bushel/day – On a cold night in the greenhouse about 5-6 bushels • A 30 x 96 greenhouse uses about 200 gallons of propane per night when it is 15 degrees F
  14. 14. Greenhouse
  15. 15. Passive Heat and Air Exchange• Use ground heat to keep the pesticide storage area above freezing in the winter and cool in the summer.• Also air exchanges of 6 times per hour
  16. 16. Part of the DNR Wind Anemometer• Wind Anemometer Project with DNR – Measure the wind quality at 66 ft for one year – We don’t have good Wind!
  17. 17. We are not very Windy!
  18. 18. BioFuels Field Project• Compare different crops for their ethanol production capibilities.• From Native Warm Season Grasses to Miscanthus, to Corn for grain and stover
  19. 19. Treatments• Miscanthus• Switchgrass• Big Bluestem• Indiangrass• Sweet Sorghum• Continuous Corn-Grain• Continuous Corn-Grain and Stover• Corn/Soybean rotation for Grain• Tall Fescue as a control
  20. 20. Miscanthus gigantheus
  21. 21. Add Photos of Root Depth of Miscanthus
  22. 22. BioFuels Project• Examine Economics – Nutrient Removal• Soil Properties – If remove large amount of biomass what is that going to do to soil properties
  23. 23. Diverse Stand• At MU Bradford Research and Extension Center – Low Input/High Diverse compared to a High Input/Monoculture • 18 different forbs and legumes • Switchgrass and Big Bluestem • Cutting Height • Seasonal Harvests Depending on Need
  24. 24. Low Input/High Diversity• Biofuel – tonnage• Wildlife – Food source – structure• Livestock – Grazing – Hay – Quality• Lower the Carbon footpirnt
  25. 25. A Diverse Stand in the Summer
  26. 26. In the WinterFall Harvested To be Harvested in Spring
  27. 27. Biofuels-Mixed Stands
  28. 28. Pollinators and Other Beneficial Insects
  29. 29. Add Yield Table• Forb:Grass Ratio July October March • Tons/acre• 100:0 4.27 2.50 2.39• 40:60 3.40 2.94 2.58• 60:40 3.99 3.50 2.18• 80:20 3.32 2.70 2.40
  30. 30. Biofuels Garden• Grasses for Ethanol – Switchgrass, Indiangrass, Eastern Gamma, Big Bluestem, Miscanthus• Grains and Sugar Crops for Ethanol – Corn, Grain Sorghum, Sweet Sorghum, Sugar Cane, Sugar Beets• Oil Crops – Soybeans, Canola, and Sunflower
  31. 31. Technology Transfer Center
  32. 32. Heated Air
  33. 33. Future Goals• Wind Turbine – We use 12,000 kwatt/month – 10 kwatt wind turbine • Cost $32,000-58,000 – Produce 2,416 kwatt/month – Supply 23% of our electricity – 16 year to pay off with another 14 years of free electricity
  34. 34. Sustainable Landscape
  35. 35. Z er o Car bon F ootpr i nt Vegetable & Compost P r oducti on System University of Missouri Bradford Research & Education Center & MU Campus Dining Tim Reinbott, BREC Superintendent; Eric Cartwright, MU Campus Dining; Steven Kirk, MU Division of Plant Sciences An estimated 40% of all food produced in the country is discarded, according to a new federal report. Each day, every person in the U.S. puts about 1,400 calories worth of food in the garbage, according to researchers at the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK). Food waste has increased 50% since previous estimates were made in 1974, and now totals some 150 trillion calories per year. SOURCE: CALIFORNIA EMERGENCY FOODLINKThe University of Missouri AnimalSciences and Veterinary Medicineproduce 1500 tons of manure andbedding material each year. MU’sCampus Dining produces 270 tonsof food waste annually. MU’s Campus Dining halls generate 3,000+ gallons of Waste Vegetable Oil annually. This WVO will be converted into biodiesel. Biodiesel will power the trucks, tractors & equipment used forSeveral large-scale composting vegetable production as well as pick-up and delivery of foodmethods exist. These include: waist and produce to and from campus. Carbon Credits will beWindrow, Aerated Windrow, Aerated used to off-set any other energy needs for this project.Static Pile, In-Vessel, ContainerizedIn-Vessel, Rotating Drum and BagSystems. Variables include: cost,compost consistency, time, labor andarea requirements.BREC can serve as a model for similar institutions by providing aworking example for alternative waste management. Food waste from There is a growing interest in locally produced food by the generalCampus Dining will be collected and taken to BREC, mixed with animal public and in our school systems. This proposed system is themanures and beddings as needed to balance any nitrogen or carbon essence of Community Development, and can serve as a model ofrequirements, and composted to create the optimum soil amendment how food waste from any type of cafeteria (school, business,to be used to grow produce that will then be sold back to Campus institutional) can be utilized to produce a valuable commodity. SimilarDining completing the circle. In addition to the compost utilized by systems could be used to provide schools with a healthy source ofhorticultural researchers and students to grow vegetables, excess locally grown food, and provide vegetable producers with a creativecompost can be applied to larger fields such as sweet corn, pumpkins, way to convert so called waste materials into assets to sell at localmelons and other crops, as well as be used as a soil amendment by farmers markets and to the general public. The cost/benefits realizedMU’s Landscape Services and the Mizzou Botanical Garden. from not sending materials to the landfill could be substantial.
  36. 36. Compost Facility
  37. 37. Food Waste+Animal Bedding
  38. 38. Aerated Static Pile
  39. 39. MU Students
  40. 40. Let’s Make It Green!• Campus Dining Goes Through 3,000 gallons of Waste Vegetable Oil Each Year!
  41. 41. Make It Into Biodiesel! • 50 gallons every 48 hours • By product Glycerol which contains methanol • Challenge to remove the methanol, then the Glycerine can be – Composted – Burned – Animal feed – Made into soap
  42. 42. Are We Food Secure?Where Does Our Nitrogen Fertilizer Come From?
  43. 43. Simple Cover Crops!
  44. 44. Cover Crops Protect the Soil and Can Contribute Biologically Fixed Nitrogen
  45. 45. Cover Crops Combined With No-Till Can Provide Soil Protection and aSource of Slow Release of Nitrogen
  46. 46. Polycultures of Cover Crops Even Better
  47. 47. Soil Is a Living Resource
  48. 48. Questions?

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