Mind mapping for brainstorming Science Concepts Presented by Dr. B. Victor., Ph.D., email : email@example.com blog : bonvictor.blogspot.com
Human Brain –over viewPresentation Definition and origin ofout line mind maps Characteristics and uses of mind maps Technique of mind mapping Process of mind mapping Features of mind maps Benefits of mind maps Advantages of mind maps References
Humans have large brainHuman compared to Apes.Brain- Human brain is billions ofOverview times more powerful than computers.Mind maps No computer can create its ownworks the programs. But human brain creates itsway, the own operational programsbrain besides taking care of life’sworks. basic functions. Humans have the ability to reflect on their own thoughts (metacognition).
What is a mindmap?Mind mappingis based onorganizing The basic idea of mind map is toinformation by capture our ideas in a map.means of Mind map is literally ‘maps out’hierarchies andcategories or our thoughts.associations. A mind map is an easiest way to put information into our brain and to take information out of our brain.
Essential characteristics of mind maps The main topic in the mind map is summarized as a central image, word or phrase. The main themes of the subject radiate from the central idea as branches. The branches comprise of a key word, image or topic presented on – an associated line. The branches divide out into further higher level sub-branches. The branches and sub-branches form a connected organized structure.
Characteristics of mind maps which aid the process of memory and recallColor - is used to differentiate areas of the mind map.Visual images – images are used to illustrate different themes and topics.
Mind map Vs Concept map Mind maps Concept maps Developed by Tony Buzan Developed by J. D. Novak One main concept Have several concepts Can be represented as a A network representationtree Start from the centre Start from the top
Process of mind mapping1. Write the main idea in the middle of a page in ‘landscape’ style. Give maximum space for other ideas to radiate from the centre.2. Leave lots of space for more details to write.3. Use pictures and write the key points in capitals only.4. Draw quickly in a non-linear manner without judging or editing.5. Look for relationships-use lines, colors, arrows, branches to show connections between ideas.
Rules of mind mappingUse emphasis Use association • Always use a central Use arrows to make image connections within and • Use images throughout across the branch pattern. your mind map. Use color • Use 3 or more colors for central image. Be clear • Use dimension in images Use only key word per line • Use variations of letter Print all words size, line and image. Make central lines thicker • Use organized/ appropriate spacing Connect lines to other line Draw clear image Layout • Use Develop a personal hierarchy/numerical style order
Summary :The technique of mind mappingA mind map is based on organizing information via hierarchies and categories.The hierarchies and associations flows from a central image.Major topics or categories associated with central topic are captured by branches flowing from the central image.
Benefits of mind mapping - 1Plan Organize and clarifyCommunicate thinking.Be more creative Better rememberingSave time Study faster andSolve problems more efficiently See a ‘whole picture’Concentrate
Mind map benefits - 2 Comprehensive view - view the entire project on a single sheet of paper. Information hierarchy – easily find which ideas are major topics and which simply provide details Reorganize sequence – easily move ideas to different locations or change their status. Expand and collapse – easily expand the view to show all ideas or collapse the details to emphasize the major points. Color – use color to organize or group ideas and provide selective emphasis. Graphics – use icons to emphasize priorities, tasks, decision points. Linked maps – allow you to link maps together Presentations – create visual impact
1. Summarizing informationUses of 2. Consolidating informationMind maps from different research sources 3. Thinking through complex problems 4. Presenting information that shows the overall structure/’big picture’ of your subject. 5. Effective brain storming technique. 6. Instantly see connections and links between concepts 7. Boost your creativity
Benefits of mind mapping in teaching and learning1. Identify the key concepts2.Associate and link the concepts3.Easier to recall the information4.More creative5.Take less time to read and review
References Heinze- Fry J.A and Novak JD 1990 Concept mapping bring long – term movement toward meaningful learning.Science Education 74 : 461 – 472. Buzan T and B Buzan 1993 The mind map book : How to use radiant thinking to maximize your brains untappedpotential. New York : Plume Wycoff J 1991 Mind Mapping : your personal guide toexplaining creativity and problem solving. New York : BerkleyBooks. Budd J W 2004 Mind maps as classroom exercises. J Eco. Edu. Winter 35-46.
Dr.B.Victor is a highly experienced professor, recently retired from the reputed educational institution- St. Xavier’ s College, Palayamkottai, India-627001. He was the dean of sciences, IQAC coordinator and assistant controller of examinations. He has more than 32 years of teaching and research experience He has taught a diversity of college courses and guided 12 Ph.D scholars. Send your comments to : firstname.lastname@example.org