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Biogas generation a climate neutral project


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Biogas generation a climate neutral project

  1. 1. “Biogas Generation <br />A Climate Neutral Project”<br />PRESENTED <br />By <br />A.SAJIDAS<br />MANAGING DIRECTOR<br />BIOTECH RENEWABLE ENERGY PVT. LTD<br />
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION<br />The accumulation and unhygienic handling of organic wastes create several environmental problems including the emission of dangerous gases to the atmosphere. <br /> Organic waste water discharged from houses and other institutions also emit poisonous gases through anaerobic fermentation. <br /> Methane is the main gas generated by the anaerobic fermentation. This is 22 times more dangerous than carbon dioxide. The timely treatment of organic materials help to avoid such emissions.<br />
  3. 3. BIOMETHANISATION TECHNOLOGY<br />Anaerobic biomethanation / bio gas technology helps to treat the organic waste materials hygienically with out causing atmospheric pollution. <br />Through this Biogas, a valuable renewable energy and organic fertilizer can be produced . Treated biomaterials, coming out from the digester of the treatment plant, in the form of liquid or solid can be used as a very good organic fertilizer. <br />This organic fertilizer helps to minimize the use of chemical fertilizer. The reduction in the use of chemical fertilizer will avoid the emission of CO2 that would otherwise be coming out from the fertilizer producing industries.<br />
  4. 4. BIOGAS TECHNOLOGY<br />The biogas technology enables one to produce bio energy by treating the wastes generated in the houses and public places like markets, slaughter houses, hotels, convents etc . <br />Use of biogas as cooking fuel helps to reduce the use of fossil fuels. <br />This way the emission at the time of burning of fossil fuels can be minimized and also helps to control deforestation by way of replacing fire wood with biogas.<br />
  5. 5. Suitable Place <br /><ul><li> Houses
  6. 6. Hotels
  7. 7. Hospitals
  8. 8. Schools
  9. 9. Factory Canteens
  10. 10. Markets
  11. 11. Slaughter Houses etc. </li></li></ul><li>Domestic Waste Treatment Plant<br />Domestic waste treatment plant is capable of treating solid food waste as well as waste water from the kitchen.<br />Traditional septic tanks are replaced by these plants. Through the installation of Latrine attached plants human excreta can be treated hygienically and Bio Gas is generated from the plant. It is a very good fuel for Domestic Cooking and Lighting. <br />Through the installation of domestic type bio-waste treatment biogas plants, the emission of methane can be controlled to a considerable extent. To achieve this goal every house should come forward to install decentralized bio-waste treatment biogas plant. <br />
  14. 14. DOMESTIC PLANTS<br />
  15. 15. TECHNICAL DETAILS OF 1 CUM FAMILY SIZE BIO WASTE TREATMENT PLANT<br />Waste Treatment Capacity - 2 Kg Solid waste<br /> 20 – 30 Litres Waste Water<br />Volume of Digester - 1000 Litres <br />Suitable for - 3 - 5 member family <br />Space required for the installation - 1. 25 Sq Mtrs. <br />Gas generation per day - 1 Cum Biogas <br />Liquid fertilizer - 20 Litres per day <br />1 Cum Biogas - 0.5 Kg. LPG <br />Annual income in the form of <br />gas &manure - Rs. 12,000/-<br />
  16. 16. ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS1 CUM FAMILY SIZE BIO WASTE TREATMENT PLANT<br />Annual Biogas generation - 365 Cum<br /> <br />Generation and utilization of - Emission reduction <br />365 Cum Biogas of 3.5 tone CO2<br />Revenue from CDM - 3.5 credits / year <br />
  17. 17. TOILET LINKED BIOGAS PLANTS(ECO FRIENDLY TOILET)<br />The human excreta (night soil) discharged from the domestic household are converted into bio gas by applying anaerobic digestion .<br />For the people living in coastal areas, marshy lands and high water table places, this type of toilets are suitable. Here also the construction of separate septic tank can be avoided.<br />
  20. 20. INSTITUTIONAL PLANTS <br />Waste of food materials and other bio degradable wastes generated in Factory canteens, Convents, Hospitals, Hostels, Hotels and other industrial organizations can be treated in an eco-friendly way for the production of cooking gas in very large scale <br />
  22. 22. GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY FROM WASTE<br />The organic waste generated from public institutions like Market and slaughter houses etc can be used for the generation of electricity through the installation of treatment plants.<br />1.5 KW electricity can be produced from one cubic metre of biogas. The main advantage of waste to electricity project is that, no external power is required for the operation of the plant. <br />The power generated in the treatment plant can be utilized to meet the in-house requirements and also for providing lights in the markets and streets.<br />
  23. 23. WASTE TO ELECTRICITY PLANTNedumbaseryGramaPanchayat, Kochin<br />
  24. 24. WASTE TO ELECTRICITY PROJECTKadakalGramaPanchayat<br />
  25. 25. WASTE TO ELECTRICITY PROJECTKadakalGramaPanchayat<br />
  26. 26. WASTE TO ELECTRICITY PROJECTKadakalGramaPanchayat<br />
  27. 27. WASTE TO ELECTRICITY PROJECTSreekaryamGramaPanchayat<br />
  30. 30. TECHNICAL SUPPORT FROM BIOTECH<br />BIOTECH renders services such as:…..<br /><ul><li>Joint venture opportunities
  31. 31. Consultancy
  32. 32. Feasibility study
  33. 33. Preparation of projects
  34. 34. Project implementation
  35. 35. Awareness programmes
  36. 36. Training programmes
  37. 37. Seminars and Exhibitions </li></li></ul><li>BIOTECH ACHIEVEMENTS AT A GLANCE<br /><ul><li> Domestic plants - 21000
  38. 38. Institutional plants - 220
  39. 39. Waste to electricity projects - 52
  40. 40. Integrated waste treatment projects - 7
  41. 41. Toilet linked domestic bio gas plants - 160
  42. 42. Toilet linked plants in public institutions - 33
  43. 43. Bio waste treatment plants in schools - 22 </li></li></ul><li>INTERNATIONAL ASHDEN AWARD<br />In recognition of our selfless services to the society through our system of waste management and the generation of Energy from waste. BIOTECH was honored by conferring on it the prestigious International Ashden Award “GREEN OSCAR 2007” <br />
  44. 44. IN WHAT WAY CAN WE CONTRIBUTE TO CLIMATE PROTECTION<br /> The general public are depending upon the centralized projects for the treatment of organic waste. We believe that, this is the responsibility of Panchayaths, Municipalities and other government bodies. <br /> Most of us are constructing good houses and providing good education to our children. But we do not seriously think about their hygienic living conditions for the future . The life of the coming generation on earth will become difficult mainly due to the atmospheric pollution. It is our paramount responsibility to provide better atmosphere to our children .<br /> Instead of depending on the government for all environmental protection activities, why can’t we ourselves think of being a part of climate protection activities. Installation of bio-waste treatment, bio-energy generation plants in houses and all institutions are the ideal projects to contribute ourselves for the protection of our Mother Earth.<br />
  45. 45. IN WHAT WAY CAN WE CONTRIBUTE TO CLIMATE PROTECTION<br />We are of the view that if similar decentralized waste treatment plants are installed all over the country, it would be helpful to reduce the impact of climate change and also accelerate the production of renewable energy and organic fertilizer apart from treatment and disposal of organic wastes. <br /> Let us work together, <br />
  46. 46. THANK YOU<br />