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Bio-Microbics Small Communities ~ BIG Options: "No Water Wasted Here!"


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Wastewater Management is a Global Concern:

People think septic systems are out in the middle of nowhere when the truth of the matter is these wastewater treatment systems go where there are people…no matter how many.

These systems treat wastewater to a high degree while keeping water at its source. This type of approach to using decentralized options and potential reuse opportunity offers a solution that is sustainable, efficient and highly practical.

With any new technology or process, there can be some uncertainty and skepticism. As with anything, the improper care of the system can lead to untended consequences. Education, understanding, and knowledge of benefits can help minimize harmful impacts. We can help address questions about the design and performance requirements of onsite systems, and confirm through third-party testing that the effluent meets pre-determined water quality criteria for designated uses.

To continue the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for water and sanitation, most municipal “Operations Programs” Should include maintenance section. We can help with the proper design, construction and operator training regarding the sewer system of a municipality, it’s important to develop the following Programs to help prevent, identify, and/or address issues:
- Pre-treatment Program
- Corrosion Control Program
- Fats, Oils, and Grease Program
- Stormwater management Program

It is equally important to identify the best TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY, maintenance products, and WATER REUSE in mind to combat these issues

Published in: Environment
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Bio-Microbics Small Communities ~ BIG Options: "No Water Wasted Here!"

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  2. 2. Wastewater ManagementWastewater Management is a Global Concernis a Global Concern
  3. 3. About Bio-MicrobicsAbout Bio-Microbics Bio-Microbics offers effective alternatives to conventional wastewater treatment plants and environmentally safe, cost efficient and certified. These systems are and septic systems. Builders/developers or architects and engineers currently undertaking new construction or renovation projects can contact them for further information for commercial and residential properties, including single-family and clustered subdivisions. •History of company: Bio-Microbics is 20-year old company created to focus on the onsite market our approaches to help our distributors engaging the public and key stakeholders, such as engineers, realtors and builders, elected officials, environmental organizations, and others, in building a stronger water quality ethic and stewardship. Offering solutions for: •“Micro-scale” designs and technologies that integrate wastewater, stormwater, landscape and other low-impact development tools, and reuse/reclamation and water conservation systems at the individual site or cluster system level •“Macro-scale” cumulative impact models that integrate wastewater, stormwater, landscape and other low-impact development tools, and reuse/reclamation, and water conservation systems at the community, watershed or regional level, and that accurately predict water hydrology and fate and transport mechanisms for pollutants causing public health and environmental risks.
  4. 4. Aside fromicecaps, this is the simplified “daily-use” of freshwaterin the hydrological cycle. It is said that every molecule of waterhas passed through living organisms 7 times. Nature does not make more water, it has recycled it for millions of years. Wejust needto“manage”it better…
  5. 5. Rural Communities require major "Small-Scale" supportRural Communities require major "Small-Scale" support Environmental Infrastructure •Educate on the options available to support environmental goals and manage wastewater generated by the community. •Training Public Housing Authorities on technologies, maintenance, and general operations. Affordable Housing Development •Programs and educational workshops designed to prepare rural residents for homeownership. •Communities grow when generations can afford own homes and not concentrated on one property. •First Nations, villages, and other tribal communities can prosper when housing supply can improve. Economic & Leadership Development •Again, training Public Housing Authorities on technologies, maintenance, and general operations. •Able to communicate your city’s sustainability performance and goals in a consistent format Community Development Financing •The Leadership then will create rural communities to create a vision, set goals and implement an action plan for community development projects. •Make it a priority to work with First Nations, villages & other tribal communities.
  6. 6. The situation in small townsThe situation in small towns can be characterized as followscan be characterized as follows Low Density • Land in smaller towns tends to be significantly cheaper • Lower densities requires greater infrastructure costs, especially in the case of individual connections Lack of institutional/infrastructure capacity • Typically have not been served by national or regional water utilities. • Decentralization widely adopted for single systems, but hard to manage or receive utility revenue for compliance. • Local governments would like the power to operate a water utility, however lack the capital and skills. Availability of alternative water sources • At the smallest level of urban settlement, residents often rely on natural water resources such as rivers, springs, or wells. • Others may have own boreholes/wells Lower Incomes • Incomes are based on “cost of living” • Higher cost of living are in larger towns with a more competitive labor market
  7. 7. Growing populations + economic growth =
  8. 8. • Performance-based onsite wastewater treatment systems exist • Product standards & regulatory models get updated, adjusted, and applied.  Not your grandma’sNot your grandma’s septic systemseptic system
  9. 9. Centralized Sewering can be complicated & costlyCentralized Sewering can be complicated & costly
  10. 10. Wastewater Solids Inorganic Organic Soluble Insoluble Insoluble Soluble Non Bio-Deg Bio-Deg Non Bio-Deg Bio-Deg
  11. 11. The Driving ForceThe Driving Force (2015 EPA Statistics)(2015 EPA Statistics) • 25% of US homes (+115 million) currently have onsite systems • 37% of new-home construction will utilize onsite systems • These can include greywater treatment & recycling systems • Added drip-tube irrigation or other water reuse systems • 10 to 20% of olderonsite systems fail each year • Environmental concerns with watersheds and aquifers • NPDES Permit Program (surface discharge) • Stormwater Phase II Regulations (prohibiting certain discharge drainage)
  12. 12. Bio-Microbics, Inc. ProfileBio-Microbics, Inc. Profile • 4 different “AWARD-WINNING” wastewater treatment technologies • Extended Aeration (RollsAIR®) • Submerged Fixed-film (FAST®) • Trickling Filter (SeptiTech® STAAR™) • Membrane BioReactors (BioBarrier®) • 3 different greywater treatment technologies • Shower-to-toilet (Recover®) • Retrofit-under-the-sink (InnovaPRO®) • Total greywater recycling (BioBarrier® GWMBR®) • 3 different stormwater treatment technologies • Linear Rainwater Filtration device (d-Rain Joint®) • Litter Control Screening (StormTEE®) • Sediment / Oil Separator (BioSTORM®) • Other treatment, transfer, screening, & accessory products to customize system to projects & clients’ needs. • Continuous R&D and product acquisitions to expand product offering into growing water market.
  13. 13. Filametous Fungi Nematode (with eggs) Rotifer Free Swimming Ciliate Stalked Ciliate Suctorian Flagella Oligochaete (worm) Sarcodina
  14. 14. “Onsite” Treatment • Primary Septic Tank Effluent (STE) • BOD/TSS 125-150 mg/L • Secondary Typical Treatment Level • < 30/30 BOD/TSS • Tertiary Treatment Level 1 (TS-1) • < 15/15 BOD/TSS + More • Treatment Level 2 (TS-2) • <10/10 BOD/TSS + More
  15. 15. Wastewater Solids Inorganic Organic Soluble Insoluble Insoluble Soluble Non Bio-Deg Bio-Deg Non Bio-Deg Bio-Deg
  16. 16. Primary Treatment • Screening and Sedimentation • Septic or Trash Tank(s) • STEP or STEG Tanks • Pump Station(s) • Grit Vault(s) or Headwork(s) • Grease Trap(s) maybe required
  17. 17. Secondary Treatment Aeration Treatment Process Options! Aerobic Bacteria growing under certain conditions •Submerged, Fixed-Film Activated Sludge Treatment System •Smart Trickling Anaerobic/Aerobic Recirculating Filter System •A “bubbling, rolling” Extended Aeration Treatment System •Membrane BioReactors with or without supplemental aeration Clarification (only if necessary) Additional Removal of TSS and/or Nutrients
  18. 18. Tertiary Treatment • High Nutrient Removal • High Effluent Quality • Additional BOD/TSS removal • Additional Nitrification removal • Additional Denitrification removal • Additional Phosphorus removal
  19. 19. Decentralized technologies to create permanent infrastructure that provide: •More cost-effective and provides longer-term options •Easier to maintain with no added costs of treatment operators •Protection of public health & the environment •Onsite water reuse opportunities to reduce dependencies on potable water sources •Solutions for remote locations and ecologically-sensitive areas
  20. 20. Single Family DwellingsSingle Family Dwellings Clustered SubdivisionsClustered Subdivisions High Strength CommercialHigh Strength Commercial Failed System RenovationFailed System Renovation
  21. 21. What Is High-Strength Waste? • High BOD, COD, & High TSS • High Fats, Oils & Grease (FOG) – Commercial Kitchens • Anything that is not “residential waste” is high-strength • FYI, adding a greywater recycling system to a property, (where it reduces water consumption but not the waste) is considered high-strength.
  22. 22. The Technology – How Well Does It Work? Recirculation Low vacuum pressure (up to 7.5 psi) BioBarrier® Mixed Liquor MLSS 2,000 – 10,000 mg/l Flow BOD < 4 mg/l TSS < 2 mg/l Turbidity < 0.5 NTU Permeate
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  24. 24. Toilet flushing water back water BioBarrier Plant Toilets and bathrooms and laundry Reservoir 30
  25. 25. Cost ComparisonCost Comparison (Capital expenditures and O&M) -EPA Response to Congress On Use of Decentralized Wastewater Treatment Systems, April 1997. Typical Small CommunityTypical Small Community 135 homes (~450 people)135 homes (~450 people) • Centralized Wastewater System (collection and treatment) = $149 - $235/home/month • Decentralized Systems = $38/home/month
  26. 26. • BOD/TSS detections and undetectable E.coli.  • capacity for1 person to 2500+ people • Low Operation/Maintenance Costs • Certified:  Nitrogen Reduction & Water Reuse • Adheres to “WaterEfficiency” standards in most "Green-Building” Guidelines. Ideal for winery wastewater treatment system projects (can be 35 times stronger than domestic wastewater!); and can be higher during harvest activities
  27. 27. How can the dispersal area be smaller?How can the dispersal area be smaller? With the soil permeability requirements, typically the Soil-based treatment systems can only use the ranges of 10 to 90 min/inch permeability. With an ultrafiltration membrane system, such as the BioBarrier® Membrane BioReactor (MBR), permeate is water; and therefore, the permeability rate has a much wider range.
  28. 28. 1800 L/Dto 3700 m3 /D WastewaterTreatment Systems  FAST® “submerged, fixed-film media” systems are the most versatile and optimized treatment systems of it’s kind for exceptional microbial growth with energy-efficient aeration system. Designed for single-home to small municipality! •Efficient treatment & handles daily capacity for 1 person to 5000+ people •Sizing based on regulatory agency calculations, as well as, input & data •Low Operation and Maintenance Costs •Approved for most International Standards •Self-Regulating – Operation does not depend upon the skill of an operator and handles surges, overloads, and light loads.
  29. 29. Consistent Treatment Performance Performance Time Most other technologies will have variable treatment performance…Most other technologies will have variable treatment performance…FAST® technology provides a stable treatment process thatFAST® technology provides a stable treatment process that minimizes the variability in treatment performance.minimizes the variability in treatment performance.
  30. 30. Extended Aeration Systems:  Designed to be the simplest to install, operate, and maintain large commercial and community wastewater treatment system of its type. From Engineered with non-corrosive, proprietary devices (LIXOR®), the RollsAIR® provides robust performance. Furtherinformation can be found on the website: •RollsAIR™ Extended Aeration Systems •RollsAIR™ Extended Aeration Systems For Larger Commercial
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  32. 32. TESTIMONIAL: ~ James Englehardt, PhD  University of Miami (UM) College of Engineering Professor Chief Investigator for “Design for Autonomous Net-Zero Water Buildings (Dormitory)”
  33. 33. Individual/Residential Greywater Treatment & Water Recycling
  34. 34. Reduce water consumptionReduce water consumption using greywater treatment &using greywater treatment & recyclingrecycling
  35. 35. Leak Detection Number of homes No. of toilets in each home No. of drips per minute 1,000  3    1 Drips per day: Liters per day: Gallons (US)/day: Gallons (US)/day:
  36. 36. Municipal Stormwater Treatment & Litter Control Screening
  37. 37. Intro ducing
  38. 38. BioSTORM® Explained BioSTORM® is a pre-engineered stormwater treatment system designed to remove trash, sediment, oil and other pollutants from stormwater flows. 2-stage treatment including primary screening and secondary liquid/solid and oil/water separation. Off-line design, housed in pre-cast concrete tanks. Flexible sizing, simple maintenance.
  39. 39. How It Works 1. StormTEE® deflector screen 2. Forward flow and smaller solids pass through the StormTEE and enter 2nd -stage treatment chamber.
  40. 40. 3. BioSTORM’s separation module 4. Sediment descends to the bottom of the tank for storage and easy removal. 5. Oils entering the system coalesce and rise to the water surface 6. Outlet effluent pipe for discharge
  41. 41. MaintenanceMaintenance
  42. 42. Water Treatment Systems
  43. 43. To continue the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) forwaterand sanitation, most municipal “Operations Programs” should include maintenance sections…
  44. 44. With properdesign, construction and operatortraining regarding the sewersystemof a municipality, it’s important to develop the following Programs to help prevent, identify, and/oraddress issues: • PRE-TREATMENT PROGRAM • CORROSION CONTROL PROGRAM • FATS, OILS, AND GREASE PROGRAM • STORMWATER MANAGEMENT PROGRAM It is equally important to identify the best PARTNERto combat these issues...
  45. 45. THANK YOU!