ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 2013EMF Safety Guidelines- The ICNIRP View -Rüdiger...
ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 20132/22Outline■ ICNIRP■ Approach to RF protection■...
ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 20133/22■ independent group of experts■ emanated fr...
ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 20134/22Adèle C. GreenRodney CroftAgnette PeraltaBr...
ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 20135/22ICNIRP activitieswww.icnirp.net
ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 20136/22Infra-/ultrasoundInfra-/ultrasound■ advance...
ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 20137/22Outline■ ICNIRP■ Approach to RF protection
ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 20138/22■ protection from established health hazard...
ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 20139/22Precaution■ precaution is an approach to ri...
ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 201310/22uncertainties in the data base■ biological...
ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 201311/22WorkersWhole body exposure 0.4 W/kgLocal e...
ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 201312/22Outline■ ICNIRP■ Approach to RF protection...
ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 201313/22data for longer-term use arestill limitedN...
ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 201314/22■ no convincing evidence from epidemiology...
ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 201315/22Symptoms and well-being■ science does not ...
ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 201316/22■ age related dosimetric variability■ over...
ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 201317/22Frequency [MHz]Powerfluxdensity[Wm-2]Basic...
ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 201318/22■ very few epidemiological data available ...
ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 201319/22■ numerous emerging applications (security...
ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 201320/22Outline■ ICNIRP■ Approach to RF protection...
ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 201321/222BRF revisionICNIRP 2009guidelinesconfirme...
ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 2013Thank you for your attentioninfo@icnirp.org www...
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Ruediger Matthes EMF BEZBEDNOSTI VODIČ- STAV ICNIRP-a

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Ruediger Matthes EMF BEZBEDNOSTI VODIČ- STAV ICNIRP-a

  1. 1. ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 2013EMF Safety Guidelines- The ICNIRP View -Rüdiger MatthesInternational Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection
  2. 2. ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 20132/22Outline■ ICNIRP■ Approach to RF protection■ Guideline relevant topics■ Guideline revision - schedule
  3. 3. ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 20133/22■ independent group of experts■ emanated from IRPA/INIRC in May 1992■ members are not affiliated with commercial orindustrial enterprises■ multidisciplinary■ balanced in terms of geography and gender■ formally recognized cooperation with WHO, ILO,and others■ registered not-for-profitICNIRP
  4. 4. ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 20134/22Adèle C. GreenRodney CroftAgnette PeraltaBruce E. StuckCarmela MarinoJames C. LinZenon Scienkiewicz Per SöderbergEric Van Rongen Soichi WatanabeRüdiger Matthes Maria FeychtingKari JokelaSekretariatGunde ZiegelbergerKarine ChabrelChairperson Vice ChairpersonCommission 2012-2016
  5. 5. ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 20135/22ICNIRP activitieswww.icnirp.net
  6. 6. ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 20136/22Infra-/ultrasoundInfra-/ultrasound■ advance non-ionizing radiation protection■ provide scientific guidance and recommendations■ focus on people and the environment- general public, workers, patientsICNIRP objectives
  7. 7. ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 20137/22Outline■ ICNIRP■ Approach to RF protection
  8. 8. ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 20138/22■ protection from established health hazardsdetectable impairment of the health■ result from a careful analysis of the literaturerationale considers direct and indirect, acute and chronic effects■ risk assessment based on sound scientific evidencestudies that meet quality criteriatotality of science■ reduction (safety) factors to consider quantitative uncertainties inthe database and biological variability■ two tier systemworker / general publicHealth is a state ofcomplete physical,mental and socialwell-being and notmerely the absenceof disease or infirmity.Statuten der WHO, 1946ICNIRP´s approach
  9. 9. ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 20139/22Precaution■ precaution is an approach to risk management■ applied when:- health risks are suspected- sufficient scientific evidence is missing■ generally center on reducing needless exposureICNIRP notes:■ approach of national authorities responsible for risk management■ such approaches should not undermine evidence based guidelines■ the clarification afforded by the European CommissionPrecautionary approach
  10. 10. ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 201310/22uncertainties in the data base■ biological variability■ uncertainties and variability in dosimetry■ threshold definition (often extrapolation)impact of environmental conditions■ high temperature■ high activity levelsoverall no rigorous scientific basis for reduction factors■ conservative expert judgementReduction factorincreasingexposureincreasingexposurethreshold of the critical effectthreshold of the critical effectEstablished healtheffectsScientificuncertaintiesbasic restrictionbasic restrictionreductionfactorNo evident healtheffectsincreasingexposureincreasingexposurethreshold of the critical effectthreshold of the critical effectEstablished healtheffectsScientificuncertaintiesbasic restrictionbasic restrictionreductionfactorNo evident healtheffects
  11. 11. ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 201311/22WorkersWhole body exposure 0.4 W/kgLocal exposure – head and trunk 10 W/kgLocal exposure – limbs 20 W/kgGeneral publicWhole body exposure 0.08 W/kgLocal exposure – head and trunk 2 W/kgLocal exposure – limbs 4 W/kgAll values averaged over 6 minutesAll local exposure is to be averaged over 10 gBasic restrictions (SAR)Reference values
  12. 12. ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 201312/22Outline■ ICNIRP■ Approach to RF protection■ Guideline relevant topics- cancer and mobile phone use- delayed effects at low levels- symptoms and well-being- age related effects- intermediate and THz frequencies
  13. 13. ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 201313/22data for longer-term use arestill limitedNevertheless, while one cannot be certain,the trend in the accumulating evidence isincreasingly against the hypothesis that mobilephone use causes brain tumors.no plausible mechanismMobile Phone use and cancer
  14. 14. ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 201314/22■ no convincing evidence from epidemiology■ key concerns- quality of exposure assessment, missing biological mechanism, short lagperiods studied■ research focused on brain tumors■ only single studies on children■ recent high quality animal studies consistently report lack of an effect■ still insufficient evidence for firm conclusionsDelayed effects at low levels
  15. 15. ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 201315/22Symptoms and well-being■ science does not support the attribution■ effects related to awareness of exposure (nocebo)■ short term lab studies might be less suitableattribution of subjective symptoms to EMF (electrosensitivity)
  16. 16. ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 201316/22■ age related dosimetric variability■ overall no robust evidence of age related health effects■ insufficient evidence from animal studies■ very young and elderly rarely included in experimental studies■ still insufficient evidence for firm conclusionsAge related effects
  17. 17. ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 201317/22Frequency [MHz]Powerfluxdensity[Wm-2]Basic restriction(0,08 W kg-1)Frequency [MHz]Powerfluxdensity[Wm-2]Basic restriction(0,08 W kg-1)■ negligible compared with the large reduction factor of 50 (5,000%)■ the few studies with adequate exposure assessment in the far-field of RFtransmitters did not reveal any health-related effects■ exposure levels due to cell phone base stations are generally around one-ten-thousandth of the guideline levelsinduced SARs at recommended reference level could be up to 40%higher than the current basic restriction under worst-case conditionsAge related dosimetry
  18. 18. ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 201318/22■ very few epidemiological data available (no recent studies)- older studies, limited quality, no particular risk identified■ biological effects have not been studied very well■ data are still too limited for an appropriate risk assessment■ guidelines are largely based on extrapolationIntermediate frequencies
  19. 19. ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 201319/22■ numerous emerging applications (security, military, medical, …)■ health risks not assessed so far by ICNIRP or WHO■ photo thermal effects well known■ spurious reports of non-thermal effects in vitro■ THz not covered by guidelines so far (except for Laser radiation)THz frequencies
  20. 20. ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 201320/22Outline■ ICNIRP■ Approach to RF protection■ Guideline relevant topics■ Guideline revision - schedule
  21. 21. ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 201321/222BRF revisionICNIRP 2009guidelinesconfirmedconfirmedICNIRP 2015(?)IARC 2013 WHO 2014/15(?)risk assessment guidelines(?)
  22. 22. ITU Workshop on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, Turin, 9 May 2013Thank you for your attentioninfo@icnirp.org www.icnirp.net

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