BIO 1.0  Biodiesel Technical Overview Training  Course Presented by the  National Biodiesel Board
National Biodiesel Board <ul><li>The National Biodiesel Board (NBB) is the trade association for the U.S. Biodiesel Indust...
Topics for Today: <ul><li>What is biodiesel? </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiesel Production & Performance </li></ul><ul><li>Biodie...
Learning Objectives <ul><ul><ul><li> Provide comprehensive training seminar about biodiesel production, use, performance,...
Learning Outcomes <ul><ul><ul><li> Be able to answer general questions about biodiesel that you may be asked as a technic...
What is Biodiesel? <ul><li>biodiesel,  n. -- a fuel comprised of mono-alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids derived from ...
Domestic Feedstocks Corn Oil from DGS Yellow Grease Animal Fats Brassica Juncea Camelina Oil Soybean Oil Cottonseed Oil Ca...
Making Biodiesel <ul><li>  (Catalyst) </li></ul><ul><li>100 pounds  +  10 pounds  =  10 pounds  +  100 pounds </li></ul><u...
Why Biodiesel? Why Biodiesel? Attributes and Benefits
Benefits of Biodiesel <ul><li>Performance </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiesel blends up to B20 can be used in any diesel engine wi...
Enhanced Lubricity <ul><li>Equipment benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Superior lubricity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B2 has u...
Benefits of Biodiesel <ul><li>Environment  </li></ul><ul><li>50% to 80% Lifecycle Carbon Reduction </li></ul><ul><li>4.56 ...
Benefits of Biodiesel <ul><li>Energy Security  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Renewable, domestic resource </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
ASTM American Society of Testing & Materials  Biodiesel Specifications  and Fuel Quality
ASTM Standards for Biodiesel <ul><li>ASTM D6751  is the approved standard for B100 for blending up to B20, in effect since...
BQ-9000 Program <ul><li>Biodiesel Industry’s equivalent to an ISO 9000 program for biodiesel production & distribution com...
Biodiesel Industry Overview
Current Industry Resource <ul><li>Existing Oils/Fats Available for Biodiesel: </li></ul><ul><li>750 Million Gallons Soy Oi...
Current Industry Capacity <ul><li>176 Plants </li></ul><ul><li>2.7 Billion Gallons per Year of Capacity </li></ul>
U.S. Biodiesel Production National Biodiesel Board Production Potential for  1 Billion Gallons  RFS-2 Changes to EPACT Bio...
Biodiesel Infrastructure <ul><li>Biodiesel and biodiesel blends are now available nationwide from more than: </li></ul><ul...
Biodiesel Pump Labeling <ul><li>No Label Required: </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel blends containing no more than five percent biod...
Biodiesel’s  Promising Future
<ul><li>The new  Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS-2)   final rule, issued on February 4, 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Start Date – ...
Legislative Incentives  for Biodiesel <ul><li>Other Federal Legislative Incentives for Biodiesel: </li></ul><ul><li>Federa...
State Mandated &  Incentivized Markets <ul><li>State Mandates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In Effect: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul>...
Biodiesel Use & OEM Acceptance
OEM Warranty Statements & Biodiesel <ul><li>All major U.S. OEMs support  at least B5  and lower blends, provided they are ...
All 2011 GM Heavy Duty Products  are approved for B20: Chevrolet Silverado  GMC Sierra   Chevrolet Express GMC Savana B20 ...
GM Engine and Vehicle Upgrades for 2011 <ul><li>Seal and gasket material upgrades </li></ul><ul><li>An upgraded fuel filte...
GM Biodiesel Capability <ul><li>Extensive validation was done using B20 </li></ul><ul><li>B100 used was soy methyl ester m...
GM Summary <ul><li>2011 Model Year GM Duramax Diesels  B20 Capable </li></ul><ul><li>Significant hardware upgrades facilit...
Ford approves B20  in all its 2011 Ford F-Series Super Duty Trucks
B20 Approved for Fleets Chrysler supports the use of B20 in the Dodge Ram for government, military and commercial fleets B...
OEMs Supporting At Least B20
B100 Approval <ul><li>The following companies approve biodiesel use up to B100: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Case IH (approx. 50%...
OEM Biodiesel Blend Approvals <ul><li>Approve B5: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Audi  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BMW </li></ul></u...
For the Latest OEM Updates… <ul><li>Visit:  http://www.biodiesel.org/resources/oems </li></ul><ul><li>for a complete listi...
Fleet Use of Biodiesel <ul><li>Some of the many major truck fleets using biodiesel blends include: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><...
Biodiesel Use and Handling Bioheat and Safety
Biodiesel Use & Handling <ul><li>Refer to the  Biodiesel Use & Handling Guidelines  available on the Biodiesel Training To...
Using Biodiesel: <ul><li>Biodiesel Use and Handling Guidelines: </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure the biodiesel  meets the ASTM spe...
Using Biodiesel: <ul><li>Biodiesel and biodiesel blends have excellent  cleaning properties.  Fuel filters on the vehicles...
Biodiesel and Aftertreatment Systems <ul><li>Biodiesel is compatible with Diesel Particulate Filters, and has some distinc...
B20 vs. Diesel:  In the shop <ul><li>With in-spec B20 and lower, the issues you can expect to see in your shop are the sam...
OEM Warranty Statements & Biodiesel <ul><li>All major U.S. OEMs support  at least B5  and lower blends, provided they are ...
Biodiesel Resources <ul><li>www.biodiesel.org </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biodiesel Training Toolkit  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li...
Thank You! Questions…? <ul><li>Rachel Burton </li></ul><ul><li>OEM Diesel Technician Training  Program </li></ul><ul><li>w...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

BIO1.0 Biodiesel Technical Overview

1,591 views

Published on

National Biodiesel Board's Diesel Technician Training Program introductory course:
BIO1.0 Biodiesel Technical Overview

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,591
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
37
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
142
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Here you see the chart on lubricity. The diesel equipment companies recommend that the lubricity using this HFRR (high frequency recriprocating rig) test should be below 450. So the wear scar when this test is run should be a low wear scar, which is a good thing. The actual ASTM spec for that, which was recently set, is actually at 520. This chart shows that, as you add more biodiesel, you significantly increase the lubricity from a value of 575 to below 400 with a little less than 1% biodiesel. An interesting phenomenon is that if you add more biodiesel, you don’t get any additional lubricity benefits. So biodiesel has the property whereby just adding small amounts of biodiesel can provide the lubricity you need. In this case, 2% biodiesel had 66% more lubricity than the No. 2 fuel. This No. 2 fuel would be out of spec with today’s diesel fuel spec. So even in low concentrations, biodiesel can bring back the lubricity of fuel. One of the great attributes of biodiesel is it’s a fuel, so if you add more biodiesel, you’re not concerned about overdosing issues, whereas if you use a lubricity additive there is the possibility of overdosing and causing injector coking to happen. You could potentially create a problem by solving a different one. But with biodiesel, that is not an issue. You won’t get any more lubricity benefit, but you won’t have any overdosing issues either. So biodiesel has some significant physical and chemical property benefits compared to conventional diesel fuel, so that is one reason why people are interested in biodiesel.
  • To summarize, biodiesel and biodiesel blends are compatible with diesel particulate filters—and biodiesel provides some distinct advantages compared to petrodiesel alone (read bullets directly). There is one feature which is in the process of being investigated with some of the new particulate trap engine that technicians should be aware of. That feature is how the raw fuel is injected into the system to provide the fuel needed to burn the particles off the PM trap. There are two means to do this. The first way, which is used on most of the new PM trap equipped medium and heavy duty machinery in the US, is through a small fuel nozzle in the exhaust stream right before the particulate trap. Biodiesel blends—including pure biodiesel—work well with these systems. The second way is to use the injectors in the engine to vaporize raw fuel after combustion and during the exhaust stroke. This is called in-cylinder post combustion injection. Injection in this mode saves a fuel nozzle, but it creates more of an opportunity for fuel to hit the cylinder walls and get washed into the engine oil sump by the piston rings. This happens with petrodiesel alone, and the presence of biodiesel may make it a bit worse. Cummins did not identify this as an issue with B20 in the 1000 hour durability run on the prototype engine, and Ford doesn’t see this as an issues with their new engine, but some light duty car makers say blends over B5 are not recommended because of it. The jury is still out on this particular issue, but if it does happen you will see the level of oil on the dipstick actually go higher over time and if it goes too high that could cause the sump to fill up and cause problems or lower the lubricating properties of the oil. This phenomenon may require more frequent oil changes for B20 blends, or watching the oil level more closely with those models that use in-cylinder post injection but at present it only appears to be newest foreign light duty models that are affected.
  • BIO1.0 Biodiesel Technical Overview

    1. 1. BIO 1.0 Biodiesel Technical Overview Training Course Presented by the National Biodiesel Board
    2. 2. National Biodiesel Board <ul><li>The National Biodiesel Board (NBB) is the trade association for the U.S. Biodiesel Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Receives funding from 3 sources: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Soybean Check-off program (i.e. farmers) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government Grants and programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biodiesel Producer contributions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Technical, Regulatory, Marketing and Lobbying </li></ul><ul><li>Over $100MM over last 15 years </li></ul>
    3. 3. Topics for Today: <ul><li>What is biodiesel? </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiesel Production & Performance </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiesel Attributes & Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>ASTM Specifications & Fuel Quality </li></ul><ul><li>OEM Acceptance </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiesel Use & Handling </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiesel Resources </li></ul>
    4. 4. Learning Objectives <ul><ul><ul><li> Provide comprehensive training seminar about biodiesel production, use, performance, quality, and emissions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provide access to industry experts for more detailed questions and answers about biodiesel </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Introduce the National Biodiesel Board’s Diesel Technician Training program and the program resources to the audience </li></ul></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Learning Outcomes <ul><ul><ul><li> Be able to answer general questions about biodiesel that you may be asked as a technician </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> Be able to identify the key reasons why customers want biodiesel </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> Be able to explain the importance of biodiesel fuel quality and the BQ-9000 program </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> Be able to discern issues between normal diesel problems and poor quality biodiesel imposters or out-of-spec biodiesel when they hit the shop </li></ul></ul></ul>
    6. 6. What is Biodiesel? <ul><li>biodiesel, n. -- a fuel comprised of mono-alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids derived from plant oils or animal fats, designated B100. </li></ul><ul><li>biodiesel blend, n. -- a blend of biodiesel fuel with petroleum-based diesel fuel designated BXX, where XX is the volume percent of biodiesel. </li></ul>
    7. 7. Domestic Feedstocks Corn Oil from DGS Yellow Grease Animal Fats Brassica Juncea Camelina Oil Soybean Oil Cottonseed Oil Canola Oil
    8. 8. Making Biodiesel <ul><li> (Catalyst) </li></ul><ul><li>100 pounds + 10 pounds = 10 pounds + 100 pounds </li></ul><ul><li>Triglyceride Alcohol Glycerine Mono-Alkyl Esters </li></ul><ul><li>(Oil/Fat) (Methanol) (Biodiesel) </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiesel is commonly produced through a process called transesterification </li></ul><ul><li>Raw Oils and Fats are NOT Biodiesel </li></ul><ul><li>Other ‘Renewable Products’ are NOT Biodiesel </li></ul><ul><li>Must be long chain mono alkyl esters of fats/oils </li></ul><ul><li>Must meet ASTM D 6751 - Biodiesel (B100) spec in place since 2001 and being continually improved </li></ul>
    9. 9. Why Biodiesel? Why Biodiesel? Attributes and Benefits
    10. 10. Benefits of Biodiesel <ul><li>Performance </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiesel blends up to B20 can be used in any diesel engine without modification, according to manufacturers’ recommendations </li></ul><ul><li>High Cetane (avg. over 50) </li></ul><ul><li>B20 provides similar horse-power, torque, towing capability and fuel economy </li></ul><ul><li>High Lubricity, even in blends as low as 1-2% </li></ul><ul><li>Ultra Low Sulfur avg < 2 ppm </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces HC, PM, CO in diesel engines </li></ul>B5: The official fuel of the 2009 Volkswagen Jetta TDI Cup Racing Series.
    11. 11. Enhanced Lubricity <ul><li>Equipment benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Superior lubricity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B2 has up to 66% more lubricity than #2 Diesel </li></ul></ul><ul><li>EPA required sulfur reduction in diesel </li></ul><ul><li>No overdosing concerns </li></ul>1-2% 66% Improvement
    12. 12. Benefits of Biodiesel <ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>50% to 80% Lifecycle Carbon Reduction </li></ul><ul><li>4.56 : 1 Positive Energy Balance </li></ul><ul><li>B100 is Biodegradable and Non-toxic </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces PM, CO, HC by up to 50% compared to petrodiesel in non-aftertreatment engines </li></ul><ul><li>In 2008 alone, biodiesel’s contribution to greenhouse gas emissions reduction was equal to the emissions of 980,000 passenger vehicles </li></ul>
    13. 13. Benefits of Biodiesel <ul><li>Energy Security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Renewable, domestic resource </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biodiesel produced in the U.S. in 2008 displaced 38.1 million barrels of crude oil </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Green Jobs/Economic Growth </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In one year, supported 51,893 jobs in all sectors of the economy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Added $4.287 billion to the nation’s Gross Domestic Product </li></ul></ul></ul>
    14. 14. ASTM American Society of Testing & Materials Biodiesel Specifications and Fuel Quality
    15. 15. ASTM Standards for Biodiesel <ul><li>ASTM D6751 is the approved standard for B100 for blending up to B20, in effect since 2001 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Performance-based standard: Feedstock and Process Neutral </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>47 states have now legislatively adopted the ASTM D6751 specifications for biodiesel  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>D975 – Covers petrodiesel and blends up to 5% biodiesel maximum for on/off road engines </li></ul><ul><li>D7467 – Covers blends containing 6% to 20% biodiesel for on/off road engines </li></ul><ul><li>47 States have adopted ASTM D6751 into law </li></ul>Biodiesel Specifications
    16. 16. BQ-9000 Program <ul><li>Biodiesel Industry’s equivalent to an ISO 9000 program for biodiesel production & distribution companies as well as testing labs </li></ul><ul><li>BQ-9000 works hand-in-hand with the ASTM specifications for biodiesel </li></ul><ul><li>Quality Control System covers biodiesel manufacturing, sampling, testing, blending, storage, shipping, distribution </li></ul><ul><li>ASTM Grade Fuel, BQ-9000 Companies </li></ul><ul><li>Many OEMs are now either requiring or strongly encouraging BQ-9000 </li></ul>
    17. 17. Biodiesel Industry Overview
    18. 18. Current Industry Resource <ul><li>Existing Oils/Fats Available for Biodiesel: </li></ul><ul><li>750 Million Gallons Soy Oil </li></ul><ul><li>200 Million Gallons Canola </li></ul><ul><li>400 Million Gallons Animal Fats and Used Cooking Oil </li></ul><ul><li>400 Million Gallons Corn Oil </li></ul><ul><li>1.75 Billion Domestic Gallons </li></ul>
    19. 19. Current Industry Capacity <ul><li>176 Plants </li></ul><ul><li>2.7 Billion Gallons per Year of Capacity </li></ul>
    20. 20. U.S. Biodiesel Production National Biodiesel Board Production Potential for 1 Billion Gallons RFS-2 Changes to EPACT Bioenergy Program Biodiesel Tax Incentive
    21. 21. Biodiesel Infrastructure <ul><li>Biodiesel and biodiesel blends are now available nationwide from more than: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1,489 Distributors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1,339 Retailers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>775 Truck Stops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3,603 Public Locations Total </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Visit the NBB website at: www.biodiesel.org/buyingbiodiesel/ or www.biotrucker.com to view biodiesel retailers near you, by state, or along a route </li></ul>
    22. 22. Biodiesel Pump Labeling <ul><li>No Label Required: </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel blends containing no more than five percent biodiesel and no more than 5 percent biomass-based diesel and that meet ASTM D975. </li></ul><ul><li>Labels Required: </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel blends containing more than five but no more than 20 percent biodiesel or biomass-based diesel. </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel blends containing more than 20 percent biodiesel or biomass-based diesel. </li></ul><ul><li>Separate Labels for Biodiesel (Blue) & </li></ul><ul><li>Biomass-Based Diesel (Orange) </li></ul>
    23. 23. Biodiesel’s Promising Future
    24. 24. <ul><li>The new Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS-2) final rule, issued on February 4, 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Start Date – July 1, 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Mandates 36 billion gallons of renewable fuel be used by obligated parties (i.e. refiners) by 2022 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 billion gallons biomass based diesel, 4 billion gallons un-differentiated advanced biofuel </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Biodiesel is the ONLY commercially available fuel that has been approved by the U.S. EPA as an “Advanced Biofuel”: 50% GHG reduction vs. petrodiesel </li></ul>The EPA and the RFS-2
    25. 25. Legislative Incentives for Biodiesel <ul><li>Other Federal Legislative Incentives for Biodiesel: </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Tax Incentive </li></ul><ul><li>EPACT Credits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Incentive for Fleets for B20+ Use; Least cost option </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CAFÉ Credits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Incentive for Automakers for B20+ approval </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Federal Clean Diesel Tax Credits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Incentive for Consumers - $250 - $3400 </li></ul></ul>
    26. 26. State Mandated & Incentivized Markets <ul><li>State Mandates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In Effect: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Minnesota, 40 (MGPY) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Washington, 12 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Oregon, 14 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pennsylvania, 26 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Misc. Fleets, 15 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Total: 107 MGPY </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Next to Implement: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Massachusetts & Louisiana </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>B2 requirements: 34 MGPY </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Consumption Incentives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Illinois/Iowa/New York sales tax exemption: 70-120 MGPY. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Total mandated/incentivized volume: 180-230 MGPY. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>430-490 MGPY in 2015. </li></ul></ul>
    27. 27. Biodiesel Use & OEM Acceptance
    28. 28. OEM Warranty Statements & Biodiesel <ul><li>All major U.S. OEMs support at least B5 and lower blends, provided they are made with biodiesel meeting ASTM D 6751 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most OEMs are also recommending use of a BQ-9000 supplier </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More than 55% of U.S. manufacturers now support B20 or higher blends in at least some of their equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Several more OEMs are completing testing and progressing toward support for B20 now that new ASTM standards for B6-B20 blends have been published (ASTM D7467) and biodiesel support by their competitors is increasing </li></ul><ul><li>For a complete listing of OEM position statements on biodiesel , as well as the current U.S. Diesel Vehicles List , visit: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.biodiesel.org/resources/oems </li></ul></ul>
    29. 29. All 2011 GM Heavy Duty Products are approved for B20: Chevrolet Silverado GMC Sierra Chevrolet Express GMC Savana B20 Approved
    30. 30. GM Engine and Vehicle Upgrades for 2011 <ul><li>Seal and gasket material upgrades </li></ul><ul><li>An upgraded fuel filter that includes a coalescing element </li></ul><ul><li>Improved water separation with both biodiesel and conventional fuels </li></ul><ul><li>A downstream injector for diesel particulate filter regeneration </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced oil dilution with B20 fuel </li></ul><ul><li>Additional heating to the fuel circuit </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces filter plugging from fuel gelling or waxing </li></ul>
    31. 31. GM Biodiesel Capability <ul><li>Extensive validation was done using B20 </li></ul><ul><li>B100 used was soy methyl ester meeting </li></ul><ul><li>ASTM D6751 </li></ul><ul><li>Finished B20 met ASTM D7467 </li></ul><ul><li>Use only fuels that meet these specifications </li></ul>
    32. 32. GM Summary <ul><li>2011 Model Year GM Duramax Diesels B20 Capable </li></ul><ul><li>Significant hardware upgrades facilitate this </li></ul><ul><li>Starting January 1st, 2010, all GM diesels meet 2010 emissions requirements by using SCR systems </li></ul>
    33. 33. Ford approves B20 in all its 2011 Ford F-Series Super Duty Trucks
    34. 34. B20 Approved for Fleets Chrysler supports the use of B20 in the Dodge Ram for government, military and commercial fleets B20 Approved for Fleets
    35. 35. OEMs Supporting At Least B20
    36. 36. B100 Approval <ul><li>The following companies approve biodiesel use up to B100: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Case IH (approx. 50% of models) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Holland </li></ul></ul>
    37. 37. OEM Biodiesel Blend Approvals <ul><li>Approve B5: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Audi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BMW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mercedes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UD Trucks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Volkswagen </li></ul></ul><ul><li>* Exceptions have been made for B20 use by fleets </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Approve B5*: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Detroit Diesel / Daimler </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Freightliner </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Isuzu </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kubota </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mack </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Peterbilt </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sterling </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thomas Built Buses </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Volvo* </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    38. 38. For the Latest OEM Updates… <ul><li>Visit: http://www.biodiesel.org/resources/oems </li></ul><ul><li>for a complete listing of OEM position statements on biodiesel , and the current U.S. Diesel Vehicles List </li></ul><ul><li>New biodiesel content on GM and Ford websites: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GM Press Release on B20 Support: http://www.gm.com:80/corporate/responsibility/environment/news/2010/b20_biodiesel_020810. jsp </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ford Video featuring Mike Rowe touting the benefits of B20 http://www. fordvehicles .com/2011Superduty/?p=features&video=b20-capable </li></ul></ul>
    39. 39. Fleet Use of Biodiesel <ul><li>Some of the many major truck fleets using biodiesel blends include: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Double D Express </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>JB Hunt </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sysco Corporation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. Food Service </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. Postal Service </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Volkswagen Jetta TDI Cup Transport Team </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Visit http://www. biotrucker .org/testimonials/ for more input from biodiesel users </li></ul>
    40. 40. Biodiesel Use and Handling Bioheat and Safety
    41. 41. Biodiesel Use & Handling <ul><li>Refer to the Biodiesel Use & Handling Guidelines available on the Biodiesel Training Toolkit and at: http://www.nrel.gov/vehiclesandfuels/pdfs/43672.pdf </li></ul>
    42. 42. Using Biodiesel: <ul><li>Biodiesel Use and Handling Guidelines: </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure the biodiesel meets the ASTM specification for pure biodiesel (ASTM D 6751) before blending with petro diesel. </li></ul><ul><li>Purchase biodiesel and biodiesel blends from companies that have been registered under the BQ-9000 fuel quality program when possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure your biodiesel blend supplier provides a homogenous product. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid long term storage of B20 and higher blends to prevent degradation. Biodiesel should be used within six months . </li></ul><ul><li>Prior to transitioning to B20, it is recommended that tanks be cleaned and free from sediment and water. Check for water and drain regularly if needed. Monitor for microbial growth and treat with biocides as recommended by the biocide manufacturer. </li></ul>
    43. 43. Using Biodiesel: <ul><li>Biodiesel and biodiesel blends have excellent cleaning properties. Fuel filters on the vehicles and in the delivery system may need to be changed more frequently upon initial B20 use; after that, system runs cleaner with no issues. </li></ul><ul><li>Be aware of the biodiesel blend’s cold weather properties and take appropriate precautions. When operating in winter climates, use winter blended diesel fuel . Make sure the biodiesel blend cloud point is adequate for the geographical region and time of year the fuel will be used. </li></ul><ul><li>Perform regularly scheduled maintenance as dictated by the engine operation and maintenance manual. </li></ul>
    44. 44. Biodiesel and Aftertreatment Systems <ul><li>Biodiesel is compatible with Diesel Particulate Filters, and has some distinct advantages: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lowers regeneration temperatures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less engine out particulate matter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May provide increased performance and decreased maintenance vs. ULSD alone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May provide increased fuel economy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Regeneration mode is important </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Late in-cylinder injection may cause increased fuel dilution of engine oil and limit the level of biodiesel that can be used (i.e. B20 or B5) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most US heavy duty applications use exhaust stream fuel injection which is compatible with B20, perhaps higher blends </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some light duty OEMs recommend max B5 at present </li></ul></ul>
    45. 45. B20 vs. Diesel: In the shop <ul><li>With in-spec B20 and lower, the issues you can expect to see in your shop are the same as you will see with petrodiesel </li></ul><ul><li>Except: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expect to see fewer lubricity related issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expect to see fewer problems with after-treatment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Filter related issues may be related to cleaning effect upon first use, or are likely normal diesel issues or out of spec or imposter biodiesel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less black smoke from exhaust! </li></ul></ul>
    46. 46. OEM Warranty Statements & Biodiesel <ul><li>All major U.S. OEMs support at least B5 and lower blends, provided they are made with biodiesel meeting ASTM D 6751 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most OEMs are also recommending use of a BQ-9000 supplier </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More than 55% of U.S. manufacturers now support B20 or higher blends in at least some of their equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Several more OEMs are completing testing and progressing toward support for B20 now that new ASTM standards for B6-B20 blends have been published (ASTM D7467) and biodiesel support by their competitors is increasing </li></ul><ul><li>For a complete listing of OEM position statements on biodiesel , as well as the current U.S. Diesel Vehicles List , visit: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.biodiesel.org/resources/oems </li></ul></ul>
    47. 47. Biodiesel Resources <ul><li>www.biodiesel.org </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biodiesel Training Toolkit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>News Releases & Information Resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical Library, Spec Sheets & Videos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OEM Warranty Positions on Biodiesel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. Diesel Vehicle List </li></ul></ul><ul><li>www.BQ-9000.org </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Listing of BQ-9000 Certified Companies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>www.biotrucker.com </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Listing of BioTrucker retail sites </li></ul></ul><ul><li>www.biodieselautomotive.org </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dedicated to information exchange for biodiesel & diesel technicians </li></ul></ul>
    48. 48. Thank You! Questions…? <ul><li>Rachel Burton </li></ul><ul><li>OEM Diesel Technician Training Program </li></ul><ul><li>wrenchwench @blast.com </li></ul><ul><li>Tel: 919-444-3495 </li></ul><ul><li>Call NBB at 1-800-841-5849 </li></ul><ul><li>Visit www.biodiesel.org </li></ul>

    ×