Bio 1B: Biodiesel benefits

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Bio 1B: Biodiesel benefits

  1. 1. BIO 1BBiodiesel Benefits   Presented by theNational Biodiesel Board
  2. 2. Topics  for  Today:    •  Reasons  Smart  Customers  Are  Using  Biodiesel   –  Categoriza<on  as  Advanced  Biofuel   –  Emissions  Benefits   –  Energy  Balance   –  Sustainability   –  Energy  Security   –  Health  Benefits   –  Economic  Benefits   –  Ease  of  usage   –  Technical  Credulity  and  ASTM   –  Fuel  Quality  and  BQ-­‐9000   2  
  3. 3. Learning Objectiveso  Provide comprehensive information why customers are using biodiesel.  o  Provideaccess to industry experts for more detailed questions and answers about biodiesel  o  Introducethe National Biodiesel Board as a technically credible resource for information.  
  4. 4. Learning Outcomes  • Be able to answer general questions about biodiesel that you may be asked as a technician    • Be able to identify the key reasons why customers want biodiesel    • Be able to explain the importance of biodiesel fuel quality and the BQ-9000 program    • Be able to understand the increase of biodiesel volumes entering the consumer market.  
  5. 5. Top  10  Reasons  Why  Smart  Customers  Are  Using  Biodiesel   Why  Biodiesel?   5  
  6. 6. #1  –  America’s  Advanced  Biofuel  •  Biodiesel  is  America’s  first  domes<cally  produced,   commercially  available  Advanced  Biofuel  and  meets   EPA  requirements  for  inclusion  and  use  under  the   new  Renewable  Fuels  Standard  (RFS-­‐2).  •  RFS-­‐2  mandates  36  billion  gallons  of  renewable  fuel   be  used  by  obligated  par<es  (i.e.  refiners)  by  2022   –  1  billion  gallons  biomass  based  diesel,     –  4  billion  gallons  un-­‐differen<ated  advanced  biofuel  •  2011  Volume  Requirement  =  800  Million  Gallons  •  2012  =  1  Billion  Gallons  •  2013  =  1.28  Billion  Gallons   6  
  7. 7. Volume  Standards  as  Set  Forth    in  RFS2       TotalConventional Total Renewable + Advanced = Renewable Fuel Fuels Non -Cellulosic Advanced Biomass Based Diesel + Advanced + Cellulosic = Total Advanced Advanced
  8. 8. #2  –  Lower  Emissions  •  U.S.  biodiesel  reduces  lifecycle  carbon  emissions  by   57%  –  86%  compared  to  petrodiesel,  qualifying  it  as   an  Advanced  Biofuel  under  RFS-­‐2  and  making  it  the   best  carbon  reduc<on  tool  of  any  liquid  fuel   commercially  available.   –  Biodiesel  from  Waste  Oils,  Waste  Grease  and  Animal  Fats          =  86%  reduc<on  in  GHG  Emissions     –  Biodiesel  from  Soy  based  oils          =  57%  reduc<on  in  GHG  Emissions           8  
  9. 9. #3  –  High  Energy  Balance  •  Biodiesel  has  the  highest  energy  balance  of   any  commercially  available  fuel,  returning   5.54  units  of  renewable  energy  for  every  1   unit  of  fossil  energy  needed  to  produce  it.    •  Compression  Igni<on  Plaeorm  (i.e.  diesel   engine  system)  is  30%  More  Fuel  Efficient   Than  Spark  Igni<on  (i.e.  gasoline,  CNG,   propane)   9  
  10. 10. #4  –  Sustainability  •  Biodiesel  is  produced  from  a  variety  of   renewable  resources,  such  as  plant  oils,  animal   fats,  recycled  grease,  and  even  algae,  making  it   one  of  the  most  sustainable  fuels  on  the  planet.  •  With  biodiesel,  you  don’t  sacrifice  food  for  fuel.   Oils  and  fats  for  biodiesel  are  a  minor  by-­‐product   of  producing  food  for  humans  and  animals.   –  Soybeans  are  80%  protein,  20%  oil   –  No  one  grows  livestock  for  its  fat  content   –  No  one  cooks  more  fried  food  to  get  used                     oil  for  biodiesel   10  
  11. 11. #5  –  Energy  Security  •  Biodiesel  produc<on  reduces  our   dependence  on  foreign  oil  from  unstable   parts  of  the  world,  while  expanding  and   diversifying  our  domes<c  refinery   capacity.  •  Biodiesel  is  a  low  cost  op<on  for  turning   oils  and  fats  into  usable  fuel  diesel   applica<ons:   –  Low  capital  cost  for  facili.es   –  Low  processing  costs   •  80%  of  product  cost  is  from  oil/fat   –  Biodiesel  produced  in  the  U.S.  in  2008   displaced  38.1  million  barrels  of  crude   oil   11  
  12. 12. An  Advanced  Biofuel  Available  Now  Over 150 Biodiesel plants nationwide with over 2.0 Billion GPY of Capacity
  13. 13. #6  –  Bejer  For  Your  Health  •  Biodiesel  is:   –  Biodegradable   –  Nontoxic:   •  LD50  =17.4  g/Kg  -­‐  less  toxic  than  table  salt   •  Skin  irrita<on  less  than  that  of  4%  soap  and  water   solu<on   –  Safer  to  handle:    Flash  point  above  200  Degrees  F,   Non-­‐Reac<ve,  Non-­‐Corrosive  •  Compared  to  petrodiesel,  biodiesel  reduces   black  smoke  (par<culates),  Carbon  Monoxide,   and  harmful  unburned  hydrocarbons  that  cause   smog.  
  14. 14. #7  –  Economic  Benefits  •  Biodiesel  helps  our  U.S.  economy  and   improves  our  balance  of  trade.      •  Using  biodiesel  creates  added  outlets  for   farm  based  products  and  high  paid   manufacturing  jobs  in  rural  parts  of  our   country.  •  The  1.1  billion  gallons  of  biodiesel   produced  in  the  U.S.  in  2011  created   more  than  39,027  U.S.  jobs  and  provided   $2.1  billion  in  household  income.   14  
  15. 15. U.S.  Biodiesel  Produc<on  by   Calendar  Year   Volume in RFS-­‐2  Implemented   Gallons Biodiesel  Tax  Credit  Extended  1,200,000,000   1.1 Billion Economic  Downturn  1,000,000,000   RFS2  Uncertainty   Lapse  of  Biodiesel  Tax  Credit   691 800,000,000   Million 545 500 Million 600,000,000   Million 315 400,000,000   Million 224 112 Million Million 200,000,000   0   2005 1   2006 2   2007 3   2008 4   2009 5   2010 6   2011 7  
  16. 16. #8  –  Ease  of  Use     &  Performance  •  Using  Biodiesel  is  easy!  •  B20  and  lower  blends  are  a  drop-­‐in  replacement  for   diesel  fuel  •  Can  be  used  in  any  diesel  engine  /  vehicle  without   modifica<on,  according  to  OEM’s  recommenda<ons   –  Visit  www.biodiesel.org/resources/oems  for  OEM  posi<ons   •  No  trade-­‐offs  in  terms  of  engine  performance,  fuel   economy,  horsepower,  torque  –  same  as  diesel  •  Dispensed  through  exis<ng  fueling  sta<ons   16  
  17. 17. Distribu<on  Infrastructure  •  Biodiesel  and  biodiesel  blends  are  now   available  na<onwide  from  more  than:   –  1,495  Distributors   –  1,330  Retailers   –       775  Truck  Stops   –  3,600  Public  Loca<ons  Total  •  Visit  the  NBB  website  at:    www.biodiesel.org/ buyingbiodiesel/  or  www.biotrucker.com  to   view  biodiesel  retailers  near  you,  by  state,  or   along  a  route  
  18. 18. #  9  –  ASTM  Specifica<ons  &   Technical  Credibility  •  Biodiesel  produc<on  is  guided  by  stringent  ASTM  fuel   specifica<ons,  developed  through  years  of  tes<ng.  •  The  biodiesel  industry  works  closely  with  OEMs  and   Petroleum  companies  to  iden<fy  needed  technical   informa<on  •  Con<nued  investment  to  answer  technical  ques<ons  that   arise  is  something  that  sets  the  biodiesel  industry  apart  from   other  new  fuels  •  ASTM  specs  are  con<nually  being  evaluated  &  improved   18  
  19. 19. Biodiesel  Specifica<ons   ASTM  Standards  for  Biodiesel  •  ASTM  D6751  is  the  approved  standard  for  B100  for   blending  up  to  B20,  in  effect  since  2001   –  Performance-­‐based  standard:  Feedstock  and  Process  Neutral   –  48  states  have  now  legisla<vely  adopted  the  ASTM  D6751   specifica<ons  for  biodiesel    •  D975  –  Covers  petrodiesel  and  blends  up  to  5%   biodiesel  maximum  for  on/off  road  engines    •  D7467  –  Covers  blends  containing  6%  to  20%  biodiesel   for  on/off  road  engines       19  
  20. 20. ASTM  Current  Status  •  D975  (on/off  road  diesel):    Details  for  up  to  5%  biodiesel   –  Performance  based  for  engines   –  Must  meet  same  exact  specifica<ons  as  petro-­‐only   –  B100  must  meet  D6751  prior  to  blending   –  B5  is  now  fungible  with  diesel  fuel,  just  like  other  components   that  can  be  used  to  make  D975  fuel    •  D7467:    Details  for  B6  to  B20  for  on/off  road  diesel  engines  •  Designed  so  that  if  B100  meets  D6751  and  petro  diesel  meets   D975,  B6  to  B20  blends  will  meet  their  specifica<ons  •  Important  quality  control  is  at  B100  level  
  21. 21. Addi<onal  Fuel  Quality   Controls  •  States’  Adop<on  of  ASTM  D6751  into  law   –  2007:    27  states   –  2011:    48  states  (AK,  NJ  remain)    •  Ac<ve  Enforcement   –  2007:    8  states   –  2011:    18  states          
  22. 22. #10  –  BQ-­‐9000  &  Fuel  Quality  •  The  biodiesel  industry  has  an  excellent  fuel   quality  program  called  BQ-­‐9000   (www.bq-­‐9000.org).  •  Helps  ensure  that  only  the  highest  quality   biodiesel  mee<ng  ASTM  specifica<ons  gets   put  into  your  fuel  tanks.   22  
  23. 23. BQ-­‐9000  Program  • Biodiesel  Industry’s  equivalent  to  an  ISO  9000  program  for  biodiesel  produc<on  &  distribu<on  companies  as  well  as  tes<ng  labs  • BQ-­‐9000  works  hand-­‐in-­‐hand  with  the  ASTM  specifica<ons  for  biodiesel  • Quality  Control  System  covers  biodiesel  manufacturing,  sampling,  tes<ng,  blending,  storage,  shipping,  distribu<on  • ASTM  Grade  Fuel,  BQ-­‐9000  Companies   23  
  24. 24. Biodiesel  Resources   www.biodiesel.org   • Biodiesel  Training  Toolkit     • News  Releases  &  Informa<on  Resources   • Technical  Library,  Spec  Sheets  &  Videos   • OEM  Warranty  Posi<ons  on  Biodiesel   •   U.S.  Diesel  Vehicle  List   www.BQ-­‐9000.org     • Lis<ng  of  BQ-­‐9000  Cer<fied  Companies   www.biodieselsustainability.com   www.allthingsbiodiesel.com   • Biodiesel  merchandise,  literature,  pump  labels  and  more!   24  
  25. 25. Thank You! Questions…?                  Rachel  Burton   Call  NBB  at  1-­‐800-­‐841-­‐5849    OEM  Diesel  Technician  Training     Visit  www.biodiesel.org   Program    wrenchwench@blast.com    Tel:  919-­‐444-­‐3495           25  

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