Amino acids 1

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CHONS WK 2 BIOCHEM LEC

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Amino acids 1

  1. 1. AMINO ACIDS/CHONS WEEK 2
  2. 2. Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins They can act as either an acid or a base They are Zwitterions or molecules that have both a positive and a negative charge Because of their ionic nature they have extremely high melting temperatures
  3. 3. Amino acids can form peptide bonds Amino acid residue peptide units dipeptides tripeptides oligopeptides polypeptides Proteins are molecules that consist of one or more polypeptide chains Peptides are linear polymers that range from 8 to 4000 amino acid residues There are twenty (20) different naturally occurring amino acids
  4. 4. Characteristics of Amino Acids There are three main physical categories to describe amino acids: 1) Non polar “hydrophobic” nine in all Glycine, Alanine, Valine, Leucine, Isoleucine, Methionine, Proline, Phenylalanine and Tryptophan 2) Uncharged polar, six in all Serine, Threonine, Asparagine, Glutamine Tyrosine, Cysteine 3) Charged polar, five in all Lysine, Arginine, Glutamic acid, Aspartic acid, and Histidine
  5. 5. Amino Acids You must know: Their names Their structure Their three letter code Their one letter code Tyrosine, Tyr, Y, aromatic, hydroxyl

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