Carbohydrates or saccharides (Greek: sakcharon, sugar are essential components of all living organisms and are, in fact, the most abundant class of biological molecules. The name carbohydrate, which literally means “carbon hydrate,” stems from their chemical composition, which isroughly (C H2O)n, where n 3
Soluble in water sweet to taste.
Disaccharides which have 2 ms units are the most abundant in nature
100 or 1000 monosaccharide unotsAlso called glycans
Carbohydrate chemistryppt lecture 1 BIOCHEMISTRY
Dr. Vijay Marakala, MD.
SIMS & RC
• Several units of one and the same type
of monosaccharide unit
• Two or more different types of
monosaccharide units or their derivatives
Functions of carbohydrates
• Source of energy
• Storage form of energy
• Serve as structural component
• Dietary fibers
• Constituent of RNA and DNA
• Carbohydrates are involved in cell-cell interaction.