Thomas Goreau - The Down-to-Earth Solution to Global Warming: How Soil Carbon Sequestration Works

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Thomas Goreau - The Down-to-Earth Solution to Global Warming: How Soil Carbon Sequestration Works
From Biodiversity for a Livable Climate conference: "Restoring Ecosystems to Reverse Global Warming"
Saturday November 22nd, 2014
www.bio4climate.org

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Thomas Goreau - The Down-to-Earth Solution to Global Warming: How Soil Carbon Sequestration Works

  1. 1. DOWN TO EARTH SOLUTION TO GLOBAL WARMING PUT THE CARBON BACK IN THE GROUND WHERE IT WILL DO THE MOST GOOD
  2. 2. GEOTHERAPY: HOW TO REVERSE GLOBAL WARMING GLOBAL BIOGEOCHEMICAL RESTORATION TO STABILIZE CO2 AT SAFE LEVELS IN TIME TO AVOID SEVERE CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS TO EARTH’S LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEMS Tom Goreau Global Coral Reef Alliance
  3. 3. MARCOTT ET AL., 2013
  4. 4. TO PREVENT RUNAWAY GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE • CO2 MUST BE REDUCED TO SAFE LEVELS • GEOENGINEERING IS UNPROVEN, EXPENSIVE, TEMPORARY, AND HAS MANY DANGEROUS CONSEQUENCES • CO2 REMOVAL IS BEST DONE BY INCREASING NATURAL CARBON SINKS • WHERE CAN WE PUT IT? SOILS • WHAT IS THE SAFE CO2 LEVEL? 260 PPM • HOW FAST CAN IT BE DONE? DECADES
  5. 5. GEOTHERAPY • RESTORATION OF OUR PLANET’S NATURAL LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEMS • ACCURATE SCIENTIFIC DIAGNOSIS OF GLOBAL BIOGEOCHEMICAL PROBLEMS TO PRESCRIBE COURSE OF CORRECTIVE ACTION TO RESTORE HEALTH • DEVELOPED 1990 BY THE LATE RICHARD GRANTHAM
  6. 6. GOREAU, 1992
  7. 7. GOREAU, 1992
  8. 8. GOREAU, 1992
  9. 9. GOREAU, 1990
  10. 10. 800,000 YEARS OF CLIMATE DATA, ROHLING, 2008
  11. 11. GOREAU, 2014
  12. 12. LEVITUS ET AL., 2012
  13. 13. DISCOVERY BAY, JAMAICA PHOTO BY TOM GOREAU
  14. 14. T. GOREAU, 1964
  15. 15. NOAA
  16. 16. LEVERMANN ET AL., 2013
  17. 17. GREEN CARBON TAX THAT SOLVES THE PROBLEM • CHARGE EACH POLLUTER THE REAL COST OF CARBON STORAGE IN VEGETATION AND SOIL PAID DIRECTLY TO THOSE WHO STORE IT (GOREAU, 1987; MYERS & GOREAU, 1991) • LOW COST, HIGH BENEFITS
  18. 18. LARGE SCALE ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION IS THE BEST WAY TO STABILIZE CO2 AT SAFE LEVELS
  19. 19. FALSE ECONOMICS: BOGUS PRICES • EUROPEAN CARBON MARKET FAILED BECAUSE THEY GAVE AWAY MORE FREE CO2 PERMITS TO BIG POLLUTERS THAN THEY COULD PRODUCE, CAUSING THE VALUE TO COLLAPSE, AND MAKING POLLUTION VIRTUALLY FREE • US AND MOST MAJOR POLLUTERS HAVE NO CARBON MARKET AT ALL
  20. 20. ECONOMIST’S AND POLITICIAN’S CARBON TAXES • INCREASE PRICES TO REDUCE CONSUMPTION, REQUIRES VERY HIGH TAXES BECAUSE ENERGY USE IS NOT ELASTIC, IT IS VERY EXPENSIVE & INFLATIONARY • GIVES MONEY TO POLITICIANS AND CONSUMERS TO WASTE WITHOUT SOLVING THE CO2 PROBLEM!
  21. 21. “YOU CAN RUN, BUT YOU CAN’T HIDE. WHEN YOU RUN TO THE ROCK, THE ROCK WILL BE MELTING. WHEN YOU RUN TO THE SEA, THE SEA WILL BE BOILING. WHERE YOU GOING TO RUN TO?” DOWNPRESSOR MAN by Peter Tosh Jamaica’s greatest songwriter
  22. 22. LARGE SCALE ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION IS THE BEST WAY TO STABILIZE CO2 AT SAFE LEVELS
  23. 23. Soil Organic Carbon. UNEP/WCMC 2008
  24. 24. AFTER GOREAU, 1990 ORIGINAL BY PETER GOREAU
  25. 25. AFTER GOREAU, 2014
  26. 26. GOREAU, 1995
  27. 27. GOREAU, 1995
  28. 28. HUBBARD BROOK FOREST NEW HAMPSHIRE GOREAU, 1982
  29. 29. AMAZON RAINFOREST GOREAU & DE MELLO, 1985 BRAZIL
  30. 30. GOREAU & DE MELLO, 1985
  31. 31. PHOTO BY JAMES RICHARDSON ANCIENT AMAZONIAN TERRA PRETA DO INDIO (BIOCHAR)
  32. 32. LARGE SCALE ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION IS THE BEST WAY TO STABILIZE CO2 AT SAFE LEVELS
  33. 33. LARGE SCALE ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION THE ONLY WAY THAT CO2 CAN BE REDUCED IN TIME TO AVERT EXTINCTION OF CORAL REEFS LOSS OF COASTS AND ISLANDS, & WORSE GREATLY ENHANCE FORESTS, AGRICULTURE, GRASSLANDS, AND RESTORE DEGRADED AREAS WHILE STORING CARBON AND PROVIDING SUSTAINABLE CARBON-NEGATIVE ENERGY
  34. 34. WE KNOW HOW TO DO IT! PUT THE CARBON BACK IN THE GROUND WHERE IT CAME FROM GROW OUR WAY OUT OF GLOBAL WARMING PUT IT BACK IN SOIL WHERE IT WILL DO THE MOST GOOD THE FASTEST POSSIBLE JOIN THE UNDERGROUND GRASS-ROOTS MOVEMENT!
  35. 35. DECEMBER 5
  36. 36. UNITED NATIONS FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION (FAO)

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