Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Steve Apfelbaum, "Emulating Nature"

Steve Apfelbaum tells how restoring biodiverse landscapes can be the most effective way to manage stormwater, as demonstrated in projects such as Seneca Meadows in New York state.

Presented at the Restoring Water Cycles to Reverse Global Warming conference October 16th-18th, 2015 at Tufts University.

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Steve Apfelbaum, "Emulating Nature"

  1. 1. Applied Ecological Services, Inc. Water and Ecosystem Restoration Sustainable Solutions For More Than 35 Years
  2. 2. Historic Landscapes •DIVERSE •DYNAMIC •PRODUCTIVE •STINGY
  3. 3. Rivers Coastal Environment Watersheds Zone of: •Generation /”reservoir” • Carbonaceous materials • Freshwater-surface and recharge • Suspended solids • Parent material, minerals/nutrients • Thermal buffers-baseflow cooling • Water supply buffers- modulator/inertia • Water quality buffer-- Zone of: •Mixing (chemistry, water, biology, energy) •Dilution •Deposition •Redistribution, assimilation, and production Zone of: •Bed/suspended solid origin •Organic matter breakdown/fractioning •Mobility for life •Energetics Larger Relationships-
  4. 4. River s Coastal Environment Zone of: •Generation /”reservoir” • Carbonaceous materials • Freshwater-surface and recharge • Suspended solids • Parent material, minerals/nutrients • Thermal buffers-baseflow cooling • Water supply buffers- modulator/inertia • Water quality buffer-- Zone of: •Mixing (chemistry, water, biology, energy) •Dilution •Deposition •Redistribution, assimilation, and production Zone of: •Bed/suspended solid origin •Organic matter breakdown/fractioning •Mobility for life •Energetics Watershed and Water Impact Impervious landscapes, Urban environments, Compaction, Agricultural, Fertilizers, Climate change, Vulcanism, Forestry practices, livestock grazing,Contaminants, Sanitary sewage, Dredging/Filling, Planting non-native or invasive plant and animal and disease species, human design and ingenuity
  5. 5. Stream Degradation and Watershed Development Trends Historic River in IL Existing River in IL
  6. 6. Nine 100 to 500 yr floods in 15 yrs
  7. 7. 0 1 10 50 100 1000 1 0 4 10 100 1000 10000 Des Plaines River Discharge---1899 DISCHARGE(CFS) FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE
  8. 8. 10000 1000 100 10 1.0 0.1 .13 99.8799.5999895908070605040302010521.5 Single Point Watershed Changes Over Time---Des Plaines River Discharge----1973 780 cfs
  9. 9. Des Plaines River Discharge (CFS) at Riverside, Illinois, 1886-1988 -1000 0 1000 1000 2000 3000 0 70605040302010 -200 0 200 400 600 800 0 70605040302010 HIGH FLOWS •High flows have doubled •From 1886-1904, 1.5 high flows/yr •Presently, 3-5 high flows/yr MEDIAN FLOWS •Median flows are 400 times higher -100 0 100 200 300 400 0 70605040302010 LOW FLOWS •Low flows are 250 times higher Annual Hydrographs and Normal Average Water Levels for Restored Wetlands. Designed by Engineers vs. Ecologists Spring Fall FallSpring Avg. Avg. * Unpredictable Swings in Water Levels * Creates Biological Instability * Promotes Habitats for Weeds and Poor Aesthetics * Promotes Poor Water Quality * Annual Seasonal High and Low * Predictable Hydraulics and Seasonal Trajectory * Promotes Habitat for Stable yet Dynamic Plant Communities (Diversity of Plants and Animals) File name: C:DRAWINGS199797-45HYDRLGY No changes in storm intensity, frequency, or rainfall distributions! Soil Carbon collapse (~9% to 1.5%) Imperviousness (0 to 15%) Agricultural tiling (0~70%)
  10. 10. Prairie Crossing - Plan & Photographs Ecology, Economy and Culture
  11. 11. STT- FIRST AT PRAIRIE CROSSING A System of Connected, Restored Open Space--------------- instead of pipes and detention ponds. Setting New Standards—On Hundreds of projects
  12. 12. Creating Great Places ! (Saving $$) Swimmable/Fishable Water High Clarity and Quality Unprecedented Results: •Lake Leopold, refugia for rare fish. • Restored Prairies, home to rare grassland birds •Renewed connections between people and place and to each other.
  13. 13. Kankakee Sands, Indiana Junk.shp Soil/Vegetation Relationship WATER EMERGENT SEDGE WET MESIC/ SEDGE MESIC/ WET MESIC SAVANNA Management Units D B C N O E F G H I J K L M Soil/Vegetation Relationship WATER EMERGENT SEDGE WET MESIC/ SEDGE MESIC/ WET MESIC SAVANNA #Y #Y#Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y %U #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y %U #Y#Y#Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y #Y D B C N O E F G H I J K L M Drainage System District Main Ditch Regional Main Field Drain Local Feeder Drainage System Abandon Proposed Control Structures %U Major Controls #Y Minor Controls
  14. 14. Lower Don Lands Revitalization Toronto, Ontario River Mouth and Hydrology Restoration
  15. 15. Freshkills Landfill Restoration Planning
  16. 16. Restore Soil Carbon and Water Cycle Everywhere 16
  17. 17. AES’s ~9000 projects worldwide (Water, soils, biodiversity, human relationships with place, etc) •Diversity •Dynamics •Productivity •STINGINESS RESTORING :
  18. 18. Applied Ecological Services, Inc. Thank You! Sustainable Solutions For More Than 35 Years steve@appliedeco.com www.appliedeco.com

×