Gree$ngs	
  From	
  the	
  Paradigm	
  Fence
Tuesday, January 13, 15
Karoo,	
  South	
  Africa
Grassland
WaterCarbon
Desert
WaterCarbon
Which	
  side	
  do	
  you	
  prefer?
Which	
  side	
  ...
Holism
Tuesday, January 13, 15
Tuesday, January 13, 15
Tuesday, January 13, 15
35	
  -­‐	
  75	
  million
35	
  million 5	
  billion
Animal Con;nent
Tuesday, January 13, 15
The	
  end	
  of… soil
Buffalo	
  Genocide
The	
  beginning	
  of…
deser(fica(on
Soil	
  needs	
  animals
Tuesday, January 1...
Livestock	
  as	
  a	
  
proxy	
  for	
  wild	
  
herds
Tuesday, January 13, 15
Tuesday, January 13, 15
4	
  x
Tuesday, January 13, 15
2004
100%	
  bare	
  ground
for	
  decades
Tuesday, January 13, 15
2005
Tuesday, January 13, 15
2006
Tuesday, January 13, 15
2013
Deep-­‐rooted
Perennials
Deep-­‐rooted
Perennials
Tuesday, January 13, 15
15
Tuesday, January 13, 15
Deep-­‐rooted
Perennials
Deep-­‐rooted	
  
Perennials
Tuesday, January 13, 15
2014
Climax	
  Perennial	
  Grass
(Panicum	
  maximum)
“Guinea	
  grass”
Mid-­‐succession	
  Perennial	
  Grass
(Heteropog...
2014
<-­‐-­‐	
  mopani	
  tree
<-­‐-­‐	
  mopani	
  tree
mopani	
  tree-­‐-­‐>
Restored	
  Landscape	
  With
Climax	
  Per...
19
Tuesday, January 13, 15
20
Tuesday, January 13, 15
2004
2013
Tuesday, January 13, 15
2006
Tuesday, January 13, 15
2009
Tuesday, January 13, 15
2013
Tuesday, January 13, 15
2006
2013
Tuesday, January 13, 15
26
2014
Tuesday, January 13, 15
Google	
  
DigitalGlobe	
  •	
  GeoEye	
  •	
  Cnes	
  /	
  Spot	
  
Image
New	
  Surface	
  Water
in	
  Dry	
  Season
1.5...
Driving	
  Upstream
Copyright	
  ©	
  Seth	
  Itzkan,	
  2012
Tuesday, January 13, 15
Tuesday, January 13, 15
New	
  Surface	
  Water	
  in	
  Dry	
  Season
No	
  more	
  pumps
Tuesday, January 13, 15
31
Coahuila,	
  Mexico	
  –	
  1963
Tuesday, January 13, 15
Coahuila,	
  Mexico	
  -­‐	
  2003
Tuesday, January 13, 15
Lebowa	
  –	
  	
  1970s	
  	
  
Tuesday, January 13, 15
34
Tuesday, January 13, 15
35
Tuesday, January 13, 15
36
Tuesday, January 13, 15
How	
  Much	
  Carbon	
  is	
  Captured?
Tuesday, January 13, 15
Grasslands	
  –	
  Largest	
  Ecosystem
Love	
  Carbon CO2CO2
Tuesday, January 13, 15
39
Tuesday, January 13, 15
Tuesday, January 13, 15
41
25-­‐50
50-­‐75
75-­‐100
100-­‐150
150-­‐200
150-­‐200
>300
Tuesday, January 13, 15
Tropical	
  savanna:	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  146	
 ...
Grasslands,	
  Tropical	
  Savanna:	
  117	
  tC/ha	
  	
  	
  
Desert,	
  Semi-­‐desert:	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	...
44
Global	
  Sequestra;on	
  Poten;alGlobal	
  Sequestra$on	
  Poten$al
88	
  to	
  210	
  Gt	
  C
40	
  to	
  100	
  ppm	...
How	
  we	
  think	
  about	
  the	
  future
• Popula;on	
  crashes
• Mass	
  migra;ons
• Vast	
  new	
  deserts
• Ci;es	
...
4°C	
  Warmer	
  World
Tuesday, January 13, 15
Geo-­‐engineering	
  to	
  the	
  Rescue!
§	
  Space	
  Mirrors
§	
  Ar;ficial	
  Trees
§	
  Reflec;ve	
  Crops
§	
  Bio...
How	
  we	
  could	
  think	
  about	
  the	
  future
• Climate	
  Stabiliza;on
• Vast	
  new	
  grasslands
• Water	
  tab...
49
Tuesday, January 13, 15
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Seth Itzkan - Soil Carbon and Climate

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From Biodiversity for a Livable Climate conference: "Restoring Ecosystems to Reverse Global Warming"
Saturday November 22nd, 2014
www.bio4climate.org

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Seth Itzkan - Soil Carbon and Climate

  1. 1. Gree$ngs  From  the  Paradigm  Fence Tuesday, January 13, 15
  2. 2. Karoo,  South  Africa Grassland WaterCarbon Desert WaterCarbon Which  side  do  you  prefer? Which  side  gets  more  rain? Tuesday, January 13, 15
  3. 3. Holism Tuesday, January 13, 15
  4. 4. Tuesday, January 13, 15
  5. 5. Tuesday, January 13, 15
  6. 6. 35  -­‐  75  million 35  million 5  billion Animal Con;nent Tuesday, January 13, 15
  7. 7. The  end  of… soil Buffalo  Genocide The  beginning  of… deser(fica(on Soil  needs  animals Tuesday, January 13, 15
  8. 8. Livestock  as  a   proxy  for  wild   herds Tuesday, January 13, 15
  9. 9. Tuesday, January 13, 15
  10. 10. 4  x Tuesday, January 13, 15
  11. 11. 2004 100%  bare  ground for  decades Tuesday, January 13, 15
  12. 12. 2005 Tuesday, January 13, 15
  13. 13. 2006 Tuesday, January 13, 15
  14. 14. 2013 Deep-­‐rooted Perennials Deep-­‐rooted Perennials Tuesday, January 13, 15
  15. 15. 15 Tuesday, January 13, 15
  16. 16. Deep-­‐rooted Perennials Deep-­‐rooted   Perennials Tuesday, January 13, 15
  17. 17. 2014 Climax  Perennial  Grass (Panicum  maximum) “Guinea  grass” Mid-­‐succession  Perennial  Grass (Heteropogon  contortus) “Spear  grass” Tuesday, January 13, 15
  18. 18. 2014 <-­‐-­‐  mopani  tree <-­‐-­‐  mopani  tree mopani  tree-­‐-­‐> Restored  Landscape  With Climax  Perennial  Grasses (Panicum  maximum) Panicum  maximum seed  head Bare  ground  for  decades Tuesday, January 13, 15
  19. 19. 19 Tuesday, January 13, 15
  20. 20. 20 Tuesday, January 13, 15
  21. 21. 2004 2013 Tuesday, January 13, 15
  22. 22. 2006 Tuesday, January 13, 15
  23. 23. 2009 Tuesday, January 13, 15
  24. 24. 2013 Tuesday, January 13, 15
  25. 25. 2006 2013 Tuesday, January 13, 15
  26. 26. 26 2014 Tuesday, January 13, 15
  27. 27. Google   DigitalGlobe  •  GeoEye  •  Cnes  /  Spot   Image New  Surface  Water in  Dry  Season 1.5  Km  /  10  m  eleva;on   gain Tuesday, January 13, 15
  28. 28. Driving  Upstream Copyright  ©  Seth  Itzkan,  2012 Tuesday, January 13, 15
  29. 29. Tuesday, January 13, 15
  30. 30. New  Surface  Water  in  Dry  Season No  more  pumps Tuesday, January 13, 15
  31. 31. 31 Coahuila,  Mexico  –  1963 Tuesday, January 13, 15
  32. 32. Coahuila,  Mexico  -­‐  2003 Tuesday, January 13, 15
  33. 33. Lebowa  –    1970s     Tuesday, January 13, 15
  34. 34. 34 Tuesday, January 13, 15
  35. 35. 35 Tuesday, January 13, 15
  36. 36. 36 Tuesday, January 13, 15
  37. 37. How  Much  Carbon  is  Captured? Tuesday, January 13, 15
  38. 38. Grasslands  –  Largest  Ecosystem Love  Carbon CO2CO2 Tuesday, January 13, 15
  39. 39. 39 Tuesday, January 13, 15
  40. 40. Tuesday, January 13, 15
  41. 41. 41 25-­‐50 50-­‐75 75-­‐100 100-­‐150 150-­‐200 150-­‐200 >300 Tuesday, January 13, 15
  42. 42. Tropical  savanna:                                                146  tC/ha       Desert,  semi-­‐desert,  scrubland:  83  tC/ha Desert  extreme:                                                        26  tC/ha Tuesday, January 13, 15
  43. 43. Grasslands,  Tropical  Savanna:  117  tC/ha       Desert,  Semi-­‐desert:                                      42  tC/ha Tuesday, January 13, 15
  44. 44. 44 Global  Sequestra;on  Poten;alGlobal  Sequestra$on  Poten$al 88  to  210  Gt  C 40  to  100  ppm  CO2 Tuesday, January 13, 15
  45. 45. How  we  think  about  the  future • Popula;on  crashes • Mass  migra;ons • Vast  new  deserts • Ci;es  abandoned Tuesday, January 13, 15
  46. 46. 4°C  Warmer  World Tuesday, January 13, 15
  47. 47. Geo-­‐engineering  to  the  Rescue! §  Space  Mirrors §  Ar;ficial  Trees §  Reflec;ve  Crops §  Biochar §  Ocean  Fer;liza;on §  Fores;ng §  Aerosols §  Cloud  Seeding §  Carbonate  Addi;on Do  you  feel  be7er  now? Source:  Earth’s  Plan  B,  New  Scien(st,  28  Feb.  2009,   p8   “Earth’s  Plan  B” Tuesday, January 13, 15
  48. 48. How  we  could  think  about  the  future • Climate  Stabiliza;on • Vast  new  grasslands • Water  tables  replenished • Sustainable  economies Tuesday, January 13, 15
  49. 49. 49 Tuesday, January 13, 15

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