Dorn Cox - Soil + Silicon: Open Source Tools for Cover Cropping, Grazing and Organic No-Till

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Dorn Cox - Soil + Silicon: Open Source Tools for Cover Cropping, Grazing and Organic No-Till
From Biodiversity for a Livable Climate conference: "Restoring Ecosystems to Reverse Global Warming"
Saturday November 22nd, 2014
www.bio4climate.org

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Dorn Cox - Soil + Silicon: Open Source Tools for Cover Cropping, Grazing and Organic No-Till

  1. 1. Arts Commerce Population Agriculture
  2. 2. Arts Population Agriculture The Mechanistic Metaphor Commerce Fixed External Extractable Inputs
  3. 3. Arts Population Agriculture Growth without growth in regenerative capacity = extraction Commerce Fixed External inputs + Sunlight & Water
  4. 4. http://www.fao.org/docrep/u8480e/U8480E3z.jpg
  5. 5. Extractive Spiral (Magdoff, 2000)
  6. 6. Positive feed back The positive feedback from management forms the basis of agrarian optimism. The alternative is a model of mining and extraction.
  7. 7. time Warm season perennial (eg. switchgrass) Winter annual (hairy vetch/winter rye) Cool season perennial (orchard grass/clovers) Spring annual (annual rye grass) Fall annual (frost kill) (eg.Tillage radish/oats) Warm season annual (Sorghum sudan grass) Growth & nutrient uptake winter spring summer fall winter spring summer fall winter
  8. 8. Zwischenfrüchte… 12 Intensiv-Seminar-Bodenfruchtbarkeit 25.11.2012
  9. 9. 7/25/14
  10. 10. 14 Intensiv-Seminar-Bodenfruchtbarkeit 25.11.2012
  11. 11. 7/25/14
  12. 12. 7/25/14
  13. 13. 7/25/14
  14. 14. Here is a calendar of your year’s labour. In January: pick the large vegetables. Turn over the fallow land. Prepare the hemp and flax. Clean and repair your carts and tipcart, and prepare some stakes and osiers. Fell the willows and poplars. Rebuild the ditches and shape the hedges. Turn over the vineyards. Manure the fruit trees which are languid and prune the rest. Clear the meadows. Thresh the grain. Turn over the manure. Plough the light, sandy soil which was not ploughed at the Feast of Saint Martin. When it is mild, resume planting in the valleys. Graft the early trees and bushes. Plant the corms, kernels, nuts, etc. Have the hemp scutched and begin to spin. Make bundles of firewood and sticks. Let those hens which are ready start brooding. Brand the lambs you wish to keep. Salt the pork. If you are in a hot country, break up the fallow land, prepare it for the March sowing, etc
  15. 15. Open Source Open Source social systems fit within the physiocratic social framework for adaptive management - and a method for providing feedback across disciplines and as a method
  16. 16. Creating Mixing Sharing Making Growing Eating Drinking
  17. 17. Information AND INSPIRATION
  18. 18. Prototype and Share
  19. 19. 25.11.2012 44
  20. 20. Messer/Quetsch-Walze Intensiv-Seminar-Bodenfruchtbarkeit 25.11.2012 45
  21. 21. August Plant Date September Plant Date
  22. 22. Agricultural Research and Development
  23. 23. These ratings are a social indicator: they rank a grower to other similar growers in the database. The actual value is less important than the ranking for making management decisions
  24. 24. Indicator value Indicator value Indicator value Social Indicator value Whole Systems Health Rating/ ranking Biological Indicator value Economic Technological Biogeochemical
  25. 25. Physiocratic Framework for Whole Systems Adaptive Management Better Ecosystem Management Better Systems Understanding Better Systems Monitoring Tools Better Data Economic Social Technological Biogeochemical Better Ecosystem Services Biological
  26. 26. High Complexity Validation of environmental indicators Cultural communication and assimilation of indicators Low feedback Low High feedback Complexity Behavior over Time
  27. 27. Convergence and Compounding of Technical Achievements Release-Date Price Per Sensor Pixel (left axis) and Per 12 megapixels (right axis) Vs. Time (exponential fit):
  28. 28. Accessible Accuracy Cost LOW HIGH HIGH HIGH 1960 2003 2014 Participation over time
  29. 29. Imaging For Agricultural Research and Management FARM HACK RGB imaging Kites, Balloons Image processing tools Behavior over time Multispectral Imaging, Infragram camera Ground truthing and refinement UAV platform Development, ground based sensor integration New platforms and device calibration (iFARM) Technical Maturity & number of departments and organizations and tools 2012 2013 2014
  30. 30. Atmospheric measures -temperature -humidity -precipitation -Carbon and Oxygen levels Soil health indicators -water capacity (i)carbon levels (i)Root health (i)Nodulation (i)Pore structure -compaction(i)? -respiration Soil Water Temperature Conductivity Chemistry (i) (i)Turbidity (i)Algal growth Quantity temperature Moisture (i) Conductivity Chemistry (i) Biology – Respiration (i)Photosynthesis (i)Nutrient uptake (i)Water stress (i)Disease identification (i)root health (i)Growth rate (i)Diversity (i)Structure type
  31. 31. Physical Expressions of the Interaction of the Social/Technical System Output
  32. 32. 9/20/13
  33. 33. 9/20/13
  34. 34. 9/20/13
  35. 35. 9/20/13
  36. 36. Closed System Corporate sales and supported Open Source Community Developed and Supported Cost: $60,000 Cost: $1300
  37. 37. GIS and shared environment al database Web Services (REST API, Auth access control) Technical Biological Interaction
  38. 38. 7/25/14
  39. 39. Raster file image layer Visual data layers 3D crop model layer Clickable Plot data
  40. 40. Scalability of approach from watershed to individual plant soil interactions
  41. 41. Customizable dashboard display layer for students/educators Customizable dashboard display layer for Scientist/consultant Customizable dashboard display layer for farmer, record keeping etc. Analysis software VII Farm Smart LCA Analysis software III Soil Health Management Analysis software VI DNDC GIS and shared environmental database Web Services (REST API, Auth access control) raster image layers Image processing management layer with auto data entry used to layout fields, crops, practices, etc. tied to GIS Analysis shape files software II Adapt N 1 remote sensing environmental data network (automatic data entry) 2 3 4 5
  42. 42. From one seed springs a thousand and let our ideas spread… “like fire, expansible over all space, without lessening their density at any point, and, like the air in which we breathe, move and have our physical being, incapable of confinement or exclusive appropriation.” Thomas Jefferson
  43. 43. “At the Moment of Sputnik the Planet Became a Global Theater in Which There Are No Spectators but Only Actors” McLuhan, Marshall. 1974.

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