The Art of Color




Color harmony | Developing a visual relationship and structure between colors that are capable of ser...
Color Impression

                                          Colored light reflected from colored objects modifies the colors...
Paintings by Mark Rothko


                                              Color Altered or Varied in 5 Modes


            ...
Color Agent and Color Effect


                                 Color Agent is the physically or definable colorant.

     ...
Color Expression


                   Color is not only experienced and understood visually, but also psychologically and ...
12 Hue Color Circle

                                 Yellow


                 Yellow                         Yellow
    ...
Yellow

      •     Yellow is the color of sunshine. It's associated with joy, happiness, intellect, and energy. Yellow pr...
Red
                    •   Red is the color of fire and blood, so it is associated with energy, war, danger, strength, pow...
Blue

                  •   Passive from the point of view of material space. Always cool and shadowy. Atmospheric.
      ...
Green
•   Intermediate between yellow and blue. Green is the color of nature. It symbolizes growth, harmony, freshness, an...
Orange

•   Mixture of yellow and red. Maximum radiant activity and solar luminosity. It is associated with joy, sunshine,...
Violet

•    Violet combines the stability of blue and the energy of red and is associated with royalty. It symbolizes pow...
Seven Color Contrasts
                                   1.      Contrast of Hue

                                   2.   ...
Contrast of Hue


                                    •      At least three (3) clearly differentiated hues are necessary....
Light - Dark Contrast

•   Strongest expressions of light and dark are the colors white and black.
•   The effects of of b...
Cold - Warm Contrast
•     Contrast that is both physical and psychological.
•     Red - orange represents is at the warme...
Complementary Contrast

              •       Two colors are called “complementary” when mixed together they produce a neu...
Simultaneous Contrast

•   Results from the fact that for any given color, the eye simultaneously requires the complementa...
Contrast of Saturation

•   Relates to the degree of purity of a color.

•   Contrast between pure, intense colors and dul...
Contrast of Extension


      •    Involves the relative size of two or more areas of color. It is the contrast between la...
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The Art of Color

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The Art of Color

  1. 1. The Art of Color Color harmony | Developing a visual relationship and structure between colors that are capable of serving as a basis for composition and revealing content.
  2. 2. Color Impression Colored light reflected from colored objects modifies the colors of other objects. William Eggleston Joel Sternfeld Paul Graham Full Light Medium Light Shadow
  3. 3. Paintings by Mark Rothko Color Altered or Varied in 5 Modes Hue name and properties/mixture of a color that enables it to be perceived. Brilliance how light or dark a color is. Saturation the level and mixture of white, black, grey or complimentary included in color. Extension proportions of color Simultaneous shifting of colors to their complementary
  4. 4. Color Agent and Color Effect Color Agent is the physically or definable colorant. Color Effect is the psychophysiological color reality. On a white background, On a black background, the yellow square looks darker the yellow square acquires and warmer. extreme brilliance and is cooler. On white, the red square looks On black, the red square radiates darker . warmth. On a black background, On a white background, the blue square acquires the blue square looks darker extreme brilliance with deep and suggests depth. luminescence of hue.
  5. 5. Color Expression Color is not only experienced and understood visually, but also psychologically and emotionally Gregory Crewdson Philip Lorca diCorcia
  6. 6. 12 Hue Color Circle Yellow Yellow Yellow Green Orange Green Orange Blue Red Green Orange Blue Red Blue Red Violet Violet Violet
  7. 7. Yellow • Yellow is the color of sunshine. It's associated with joy, happiness, intellect, and energy. Yellow produces a warming effect, arouses cheerfulness, stimulates mental activity, and generates muscle energy. • Shades of yellow (when gray is added) are visually unappealing because they lose cheerfulness and become dingy. • Dull (dingy) yellow represents caution, decay, sickness, and jealousy. • Light yellow is associated with intellect, freshness, and joy. Philip Lorca diCorcia Nan Goldin William Eggleston
  8. 8. Red • Red is the color of fire and blood, so it is associated with energy, war, danger, strength, power, determination as well as passion, desire, and love. • Light red represents joy, sexuality, passion, sensitivity, and love. • Pink signifies romance, love, and friendship. It denotes feminine qualities and passiveness. • Dark red is associated with vigor, willpower, rage, anger, leadership, courage, longing, malice, and wrath. • Brown suggests stability and denotes masculine qualities. • Reddish-brown is associated with harvest and fall. Stephen Shore Philip Lorca diCorcia William Eggleston William Eggleston
  9. 9. Blue • Passive from the point of view of material space. Always cool and shadowy. Atmospheric. • Blue is the color of the sky and sea. It is often associated with depth and stability. It symbolizes trust, loyalty, wisdom, confidence, intelligence, faith, truth, and heaven. • When dimmed, blue suggests fear, grief, and perdition. • Light blue is associated with health, healing, tranquility, understanding, and softness. • Dark blue represents knowledge, power, integrity, and seriousness. Richard Misrach Alec Soth Stephen Shore
  10. 10. Green • Intermediate between yellow and blue. Green is the color of nature. It symbolizes growth, harmony, freshness, and fertility. Green has strong emotional correspondence with safety. • If the green inclines towards yellow, an energetic sense of nature is felt. Activated by orange, it assumes vulgar cast. If it inclines towards blue, cold and vigorous aggressiveness. • Dark green is associated with ambition, greed, jealousy and is also commonly associated with money. • Yellow-green can indicate sickness, cowardice, discord, and jealousy. • Aqua is associated with emotional healing and protection. • Olive green is the traditional color of peace. Stephen Shore Cindy Sherman William Eggleston
  11. 11. Orange • Mixture of yellow and red. Maximum radiant activity and solar luminosity. It is associated with joy, sunshine, and the tropics. Orange represents enthusiasm, fascination, happiness, creativity, determination, attraction, success, encouragement, and stimulation. Orange is the color of fall and harvest. In heraldry, orange is symbolic of strength and endurance. • Suggests a range from festive to when whitened, a loss of character. When diluted with black, declines into dull and withered brown. By lightening the brown, beige tones achieved suggesting warmth and quiet atmospheric quality. • Dark orange can mean deceit and distrust. • Red-orange corresponds to desire, sexual passion, pleasure, domination, aggression, and thirst for action. • Gold evokes the feeling of prestige. The meaning of gold is illumination, wisdom, and wealth. Gold often symbolizes high quality. Edward Burtynsky Joel Sternfeld
  12. 12. Violet • Violet combines the stability of blue and the energy of red and is associated with royalty. It symbolizes power, nobility, luxury, and ambition. It conveys wealth and extravagance. • Violet is associated with wisdom, dignity, independence, creativity, mystery, and magic as well as chaos, death and exaltation. • Solitude and dedication in blue-violet. Divine love and spirituality in red-violet. • Light violet evokes romantic and nostalgic feelings. • Dark violet evokes gloom and sad feelings. It can cause frustration. Christian Patterson Mitch Epstein Tim Davis
  13. 13. Seven Color Contrasts 1. Contrast of Hue 2. Light - Dark Contrast 3. Cold - Warm Contrast 4. Complementary Contrast 5. Simultaneous Contrast 6. Contrast of Saturation 7. Contrast of Extension William Eggleston Henry Wessel
  14. 14. Contrast of Hue • At least three (3) clearly differentiated hues are necessary. • Some obvious combinations include: red yellow blue green red violet red blue green blue green orange blue yellow violet orange yellow red William Eggleston
  15. 15. Light - Dark Contrast • Strongest expressions of light and dark are the colors white and black. • The effects of of black and white are in all respects opposite, with the realm of of grays and chromatic colors between them. • Difference between level of brilliance and illumination. Obscured v. Revealed. • Yellow and Violet have the strongest light - dark contrast. Alec Soth
  16. 16. Cold - Warm Contrast • Contrast that is both physical and psychological. • Red - orange represents is at the warmest range of colors, while blue - green is at the coolest. • Cold - Warm properties can be described as: shadow / sun ; transparent / opaque ; sedative / stimulant ; airy / earthy ; far / near ; wet / dry. Cold Colors Warm Colors Yellow Yellow Yellow Green Orange Green Orange Martin Parr Blue Red Green Orange Blue Red Blue Red Violet Violet Violet Gregory Crewdson
  17. 17. Complementary Contrast • Two colors are called “complementary” when mixed together they produce a neutral gray. Complementary colors are opposite each other on the Color Wheel. • Analogous colors are any three colors which are side by side on a 12 Hue Color Wheel. • Some examples of complementary colors include: Yellow | Violet Orange | Blue Red | Green Christian Patterson William Eggleston William Christenberry
  18. 18. Simultaneous Contrast • Results from the fact that for any given color, the eye simultaneously requires the complementary color, and generates it spontaneously if it is not already present. • The simultaneously generated complementary color occurs as a sensation in the eye of the beholder, and is not objectively present. • It cannot be photographed.
  19. 19. Contrast of Saturation • Relates to the degree of purity of a color. • Contrast between pure, intense colors and dull, diluted colors. • Pure colors may be diluted in four different ways: 1. Color diluted with white 2. Color diluted with black 3. Color diluted with gray 4. Color diluted by a mixture of corresponding complementary colors Stephen Shore Stephen Shore
  20. 20. Contrast of Extension • Involves the relative size of two or more areas of color. It is the contrast between large and small areas. • Colors may be assembled in areas of any size, but the proportion between two or more colors may be said to be in balance or harmony so that no one of the colors is used more prominently than the other. Christian Patterson Martin Parr William Christenberry

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