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Selection of research problem

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Selection of research problem

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Selection of research problem

  1. 1. Objective. Definition. Why to define research problem? Sources of research problem. Steps in defining research problem. Consideration in selecting a research problem What is a bad research? Conclusion
  2. 2. To understand some basic concepts of research and its methodologies. To identify appropriate research topics. To select and define research problem and parameters. To prepare a project proposal or to write research report.
  3. 3. RESEARCH The broad general area expected to investigate. It is a broad idea or concept from which many problems may be delineated. Research in common term refers to search of knowledge. RESEARCH PROBLEM A situation or circumstance that requires a solution to be described, explained, or predicted.
  4. 4. It determines, what you will do, will it withstand scientific scrutiny, how you will do it, and what you may achieve!!!!
  5. 5. Is the problem/topic significant enough? Is it feasible (practical/possible for me to do it)? Is it free of unknown hazards/dangers? Is it clear (unambiguous)?
  6. 6. From where ??????? Curiosity Information Gaps Controversy Replication Literature Review Resource persons - professors
  7. 7.  Dissertations  Books/reports  Newspapers/TV/radios/medias  Seminars, workshops/conferences  Own critical observations  ….??? The problem statement should address all six questions: what, how, where, when, why, and who
  8. 8. 1. Identify a broad topic. 2. Identify a narrow topic within the broad topic. 3. Raise questions. 4. Formulate objectives. Examples of Broad Topics Sustain release parenterals / novel drug delivery system. Dermal delivery of drugs using different vesicular carriers.
  9. 9. Examples of a narrow topic: Solid lipid nanoparticles. Nuclear over hauses effect in NMR. Biomarkers used in cancer therapy. Loaded erythrocytes. Micro encapsulation. When selecting a narrow topic think how it can contribute towards solving the BIG PROBLEM !!!
  10. 10. Food Insecurity Low Labor Productivity Low Land Productivity Unskilled Labor Unsuitable Climate Water Scarcity Unsuitable Crops Poor Soil Inefficient Irrigation Inefficient Water harvesting Lack of crop varieties adapted to climate Farming Patterns do not Return nutrients Farmers can’t afford fertilizers Farmers unaware of best practices EXAMPLE
  11. 11. 1. Interest: A research is usually time consuming, and involves hard work and possibly unforeseen problems. One should select topic of great interest to sustain the required motivation. 2. Magnitude: It is extremely important to select a topic that you can manage within the time and resources at your disposal. Narrow the topic to something so it becomes manageable, specific and clear. 3. Measurement of concepts: Make sure that you are clear about the indicators and measurement of concepts (if used) in your study. 4. Level of expertise: Make sure that you have adequate level of expertise for the task you are proposing since you need to do the work yourself.
  12. 12. 5. Relevance: Ensure that your study adds to the existing body of knowledge, bridges current gaps and is useful in policy formulation. 6. Availability of data: Before finalizing the topic, make sure that data are available. 7. Ethical issues: How ethical issues can affect the study population and how ethical problems can be overcome should be thoroughly examined at the problem formulating stage. 8. Overdone subject: Subject which is overdone should not be chosen, for it will be difficult task to throw any new light in such a case. 9. Controversial subject: Should not become the choice of an average researcher. 10. Too Narrow topic should be avoided
  13. 13. The opposites of what have been discussed. Looking for something when it simply is not to be found. Plagiarizing other people’s work. Falsifying data to prove a point. Misrepresenting information and misleading participants.
  14. 14. By selecting a research problem we come to know what type of research will be helpful for us & society. Drawbacks can be overcome which the other researchers has phased. We also come to know availability of data and ethical issue related to it. It will be helpful to know what we will achieve after the research is over. We can also know weather the topic is significant enough, feasible & free of unknown hazards or dangers.
  15. 15.  Kothari, C.R., 1985, Research Methodology-methods And Techniques, New Delhi, New Age International Publishers, Wiley Eastern Limited. Second Revised Edition, PG. No. 1, 24-27.  John W. Best, James V. Kahn., Research In Education, Published By Pearson Education Problem, Tenth Edition, Pg. No. 6, 28, 30-33.  Selecting, Refining & Defining Research Problems By Dr. Nazik Zakari, Dr. Hanan A. Ezzat, Dr. Olfat Salem, Nursing Administration & Education Department.  Framework of Problem-Based Research: A Guide for Novice Researchers on the Development of a Research-Worthy Problem Volume 11, 2008.

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