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JUTE
Unit 4
Jute is called a bast (stem)fiber. It has a yellow to brown or gray color with silky luster.
Cultivation done throughout Asia, in India and Bangladesh.
This is 100% bio degradable and recyclable fiber. Known as the GOLDEN fiber.
 Cheapest vegetable fiber which has high
tensile strength and poor elasticity. Jute
composed of cellulose about 65%
 Two varities of jute – bangla tossa and
bangla white.
Jute goods are interpreted as
burlap, industrial hemp and
kenaf.
Hemp fabric burlap fabric kenaf fabric.
Cultivation and processing of
Jute It grows on alluvial soil and requires high temperature,
heavy rainfall and humid climate.
 Farmers scatter seeds on cultivated soil.
 After 4 months harvesting begins after they flower and
before flower changes to seed the stalks are cut off from
close to ground.
 Stalks tied in bundles and retted for 20 days.
 Fibers are stripped from stalks and washed in clear
running water.
 They are hung to dry for 2 to 3 days and then fibers are
tied to bundles for sending to other processes.
 Jute is graded to its color, strength and fiber length. The
fibers are off white to brown and 1-4 meter long.
 Jute is then pressed into bales for shipment for
manufacturers.
Cutting
Stripping
Bundled
Retting
Bundled after cutting
Stripping in clean water
Hung for drying
Gradin
g
Baled
Properties of jute
 Moderate strength
 Poor elasticity and low flexibility
 Good resistance to micro organisms
 Its texture is rough and coarse.
Burning test
 Burning – scorches and burns easily
 Flame – yellow flames burns lower
than cotton
 Odour – burning paper
 Residue – light feathery grayish or
blackish ash.
Uses of jute
Jute Products
Used as Backing of jute in
linoleum
Thank You !

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Natural FIber - Jute

  • 2. Jute is called a bast (stem)fiber. It has a yellow to brown or gray color with silky luster. Cultivation done throughout Asia, in India and Bangladesh. This is 100% bio degradable and recyclable fiber. Known as the GOLDEN fiber.  Cheapest vegetable fiber which has high tensile strength and poor elasticity. Jute composed of cellulose about 65%  Two varities of jute – bangla tossa and bangla white.
  • 3. Jute goods are interpreted as burlap, industrial hemp and kenaf. Hemp fabric burlap fabric kenaf fabric.
  • 4. Cultivation and processing of Jute It grows on alluvial soil and requires high temperature, heavy rainfall and humid climate.  Farmers scatter seeds on cultivated soil.  After 4 months harvesting begins after they flower and before flower changes to seed the stalks are cut off from close to ground.  Stalks tied in bundles and retted for 20 days.  Fibers are stripped from stalks and washed in clear running water.  They are hung to dry for 2 to 3 days and then fibers are tied to bundles for sending to other processes.  Jute is graded to its color, strength and fiber length. The fibers are off white to brown and 1-4 meter long.  Jute is then pressed into bales for shipment for manufacturers.
  • 6. Stripping in clean water Hung for drying Gradin g Baled
  • 7. Properties of jute  Moderate strength  Poor elasticity and low flexibility  Good resistance to micro organisms  Its texture is rough and coarse.
  • 8. Burning test  Burning – scorches and burns easily  Flame – yellow flames burns lower than cotton  Odour – burning paper  Residue – light feathery grayish or blackish ash.
  • 11. Used as Backing of jute in linoleum