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Amazon Web Services lection 2


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EC2 & S3 Overview

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Amazon Web Services lection 2

  1. 1. Amazon web service EC2 & S3 Overview
  2. 2. EC2 EC2 is an instance that is used for all compute work inside AWS. It can be used as: ● Separate virtual machine with OS ● Load Balancer ● Part of RDC and other clusters ● etc
  3. 3. AMI Operation System + Software = Amazon Machine Image ● Used for app scaling purposes ● Migration between regions and AZ
  4. 4. EC2 instances types ● General purpose ● Compute optimized ● Memory optimized ● Storage optimized
  5. 5. Storage ● Elastic Block Storage (EBS) ● Instance Store ● Elastic File System (EFS) ● Simple Storage Service (S3)
  6. 6. Instance Store Instance store provides temporary block-level storage for your instance. Instance store is ideal for temporary storage of information that changes frequently, such as buffers, caches, scratch data, and other temporary content, or for data that is replicated across a fleet of instances, such as a load-balanced pool of web servers. The data in an instance store persists only during the lifetime of its associated instance. If an instance reboots (intentionally or unintentionally), data in the instance store persists. However, data in the instance store is lost under the following circumstances: ● The underlying disk drive fails ● The instance stops
  7. 7. Elastic Block Store EC2 EBS
  8. 8. Elastic Block Store ● EBS volumes are highly available and reliable storage volumes that can be attached to any running instance that is in the same Availability Zone. ● Encryption available (temp EC2 store -> EBS) ● Volumes are up to 16TiB ● Types: ○ General purpose SSD (3 IOPS/GiB; up to 10,000 IOPS and 160 MB/s of throughput) ○ Provisioned IOPS SSD (up to 20,000 IOPS and 320 MB/s of throughput) ○ Throughput Optimized HDD (throughput of up to 500 MiB/s,)
  9. 9. Elastic File System Amazon EFS provides scalable file storage for use with Amazon EC2. Main feature is to easily customize file system for multiple instances.
  11. 11. VPC VPC - logically isolated cloud section in AWS. Features: ● All instances launches inside VPC ● Separation for public and private networks ● Ability to connect to private network via VPN ● Using S3 locally
  12. 12. SUBNET SUBNET EC2 EC2 EC2 EC2 VPC Network Access Control List Routing Table Network Access Control List Routing Table
  13. 13. Public Subnet EC2 EC2 EC2 VPC NAT Gateway
  14. 14. S3 Simple Storage Service - service for storing files. S3 stores files in any region you specify. Maximum object size by single upload 5 Terabytes
  15. 15. S3 FILE Metadata Object File type Modified date *.* for example: *.jpg; *.png; *.js;
  16. 16. Object Object Object Object Object Object Bucket
  17. 17. Bucket features ● Bucket names should be unique through all AWS ● Bucket name is used to generate link to get access from browser or app ● Cross-region replication (copy to only one other region)
  18. 18. Uploading to S3 Console small number of file uploading CLI recursive directory uploading SDK Dynamic in Code uploading
  19. 19. CORS
  20. 20. Amazon re:Invent 2016
  21. 21. Amazon re:Invent 2016 During 2016 have already been launched or will have been launched soon ~1000 new services
  22. 22. Amazon re:Invent 2016 Computing: ● New Instances: ○ R4 - up to 64 vCPUs and 488 GiB of memory ○ t2.xlarge (16 Gib of memory) and t2.2xlarge(32 Gib of memory) ○ F1 - give you access to FPGA. You can write code that runs on the FPGA and speeds up many types of genomics, seismic analysis, financial risk analysis, big data search, and encryption algorithms by up to 30 times ○ New C5 Instances - Intel’s brand new Xeon “Skylake” processor (up to 72 vCPUs and 144 GiB of memory.) ● Elastic GPUs - EC2 instance types, with your choice of 1 GiB to 8 GiB of GPU memory and compute power to match.
  23. 23. Amazon Elastic Beanstalk manages ● EC2 instance prefered ● S3 connection ● SNS, Alarms ● Load Balancing ● Auto Scaling ● Application Health Monitoring You just need to:
  24. 24. Amazon re:Invent 2016 Amazon LightSail
  25. 25. Amazon re:Invent 2016 Amazon Athena - a new serverless query service that makes it easy to analyze large amounts of data stored in Amazon S3 using Standard SQL. Features: ● You pay only for the queries that you run. ● Behind the scenes, Athena parallelizes your query, spreads it out across hundreds or thousands of cores, and delivers results in seconds ● Queries are expressed in standard ANSI SQL and can use JOINs, window functions, and other advanced features ● Can query data in many different formats including JSON, CSV, log files, text with custom delimiters, Apache Parquet, and Apache ORC.
  26. 26. Amazon re:Invent 2016 Amazon Aurora Update – PostgreSQL Compatibility Amazon Aurora – Cost-Effective MySQL-Compatible Database Engine for Amazon RDS
  27. 27. Amazon re:Invent 2016 Other innovations: ● AWS Snowmobile (Data transferring) ● AWS Greengrass (IoT) ● AI & Machine Learning: ○ Amazon Polly – Text to speech (47 Voices and 24 Languages) ○ Amazon Recognition – Image Detection and Recognition Powered by Deep Learning ○ Amazon Lex – Automatic Speech Recognition