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EMERGENCY RESPONSE TEAM [ERT ] and FIRE SAFETY
TRAINING
by: Mr. Antonio Zacarias jr.
Objectives
After this presentation you will know:
• What is ERT?
• ERT Members
• Roles & Responsibilities of ERT members.
...
• What to do in case of a fire?
• Evacuation guideline.
• Emergency Exit.
• Fire fighting & detecting Equipment's in Prime...
INTRODUCTION
WHAT IS ERT (EMERGENCY RESPONSE TEAM) ?
It is a nominated team identified from the staff who have been
specia...
The team comprises of ;
1. Floor in charges / Area in charges
2. Nursing Supervisor
3. Fire marshal
4. Call Center Officer...
Floor In –charge/Area in charge
Know your area, the people in it, and at least two safe exits.
Guide / direct the patient,...
MEP Team
Responsible to isolate the medical gas service / provide gas
cylinders when contacted by Safe Room In charge or a...
QHSE Officer
Provide fire training to staff, conduct periodic evacuation drill, supports
ERT members when there is any an ...
FMS Manager
FMS Manager will investigate the reason & severity of the incident
in coordination with the QHSE Officer / Eng...
FIRE INTRODUCTION ABOUT FIRE
• What is Fire?
–Fire is basically a chemical reaction
combining three elements: Fuel, Heat a...
The Fire Triangle
Proportional Ratio
The Fire on the candle goes off when it is covered by something……..
Why ?
Because the Oxygen is
not there. it means if one...
TYPES OF FIRE
• Class A – Normal Combustibles
• Class B – Flammable Liquids
• Class C – Electrical Circuits, switchboards,...
Classification / Types of Fire
• wood
• cloth
• paper
• rubber
• many plastics
• gasoline
• oil
• grease
• tar
• oil-based...
DRY POWDER
CLASS K FIRES
• Recently recognized by NFPA 10.
• Fires involving combustible vegetable or animal
non-saturated cooking fa...
COMMON REASONS FOR ELECTRICAL FIRE
Overloaded Plug point
Overloaded Adaptors Short circuit Pest Intervention
Unorganized c...
EARLY DETECTION & FIRE CONTROL
Fire Detection & Alarm System which
includes
- Detectors smoke, heat & Gas
- Manual Call Po...
Fire Suppression system which
includes
- Fire Extinguishers
- Fire Blanket
- Fire Hose reel
- Sprinkler System
- Fire Hydr...
Fire Extinguisher Anatomy
DISCHARGE HOSE
DISCHARGE NOZZLE
DISCHARGE ORIFICE
BODY
DATA PLATE
CARRYING
HANDLE
PRESSURE GAUGE...
TYPES OF EXTINGUISHERS
Foam Extinguisher
• suitable for class B Fires & Kitchen fires
Dry Powder Extinguisher (Universal e...
Fighting the Fire
Sweep side to side
Aim low at the
base of flames
Squeeze the
handle
Pull the pinP
A
S
S
WHAT TO DO IN CASE OF A FIRE
•RACE:
R – Rescue
A – Alarm
C – Confine the fire
E – Extinguish (if trained) and evacuate
30
WHAT TO DO IN CASE OF A FIRE
On discovering or suspecting a fire
Rescue -yourself & the nearby patient
Alarm- locate the b...
WHAT TO DO IN CASE OF A FIRE
•Break the Glass Raise the Alarm
.
Emergency Telephone Numbers
Code Red : 7666
Or
Emergency Services namely
Police – 999
Ambulance – 998
Civil defense – 997
...
Provide Information
Your name
Location
Type of Fire
Size of Fire
Who else is there with you?
ERT team on hearing announcement Code
red/Code orange will take charge of the
situation to evacuate the area / floor .
The...
Before evacuating a room or block, close
the windows and door behind you
Emergency Exits:
•There are 26 emergency exits doors Here in PH from rooftop to Basement 2
and 8 exit doors identified to ...
EMERGENCY EVACUATION GUIDELINES
• Code ORANGE is the Emergency Evacuation Code
• ERT Team take charge of the situation upo...
ASSEMBLY POINT s
39
- Infront of the hospital, near to valet
parking area
• The ERT conducts Evacuation Drill
regularly. Please attend these Fire
Drills.
• The use of Fire Extinguisher is
demonstr...
Central Medical Gas Supply –
Area Alarm Panel
Area Alarm Panel
monitors various gas
pressures (O2, N2O, Air 4
Bar,Air 7 Ba...
AVSU – Area Valve Service Units
Area Valve Service Units –
These need to be closed in
case of a major leakage or
fire (aft...
Fire safety training presentation.ppt
Fire safety training presentation.ppt
Fire safety training presentation.ppt
Fire safety training presentation.ppt
Fire safety training presentation.ppt
Fire safety training presentation.ppt
Fire safety training presentation.ppt
Fire safety training presentation.ppt
Fire safety training presentation.ppt
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Fire safety training presentation.ppt

  1. 1. EMERGENCY RESPONSE TEAM [ERT ] and FIRE SAFETY TRAINING by: Mr. Antonio Zacarias jr.
  2. 2. Objectives After this presentation you will know: • What is ERT? • ERT Members • Roles & Responsibilities of ERT members. • Fire Introduction. • Fire Triangle • What are the Types / classes of Fire
  3. 3. • What to do in case of a fire? • Evacuation guideline. • Emergency Exit. • Fire fighting & detecting Equipment's in Prime Hospitals • Types of Extinguishers in Prime hospital & their usage. • Safe rooms • Location of the Assembly Point • Mock drill
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION WHAT IS ERT (EMERGENCY RESPONSE TEAM) ? It is a nominated team identified from the staff who have been specially trained to provide immediate response during any (code Red or Code Orange) emergency situation as per the defined protocol.
  5. 5. The team comprises of ; 1. Floor in charges / Area in charges 2. Nursing Supervisor 3. Fire marshal 4. Call Center Officer 5. Security Officer 6. Mechanical, Electrical and Plumbing Team (MEP) 7. Clinical Engineering Team 8. QHSE officer 9. FMS Manager ERT MEMBERS
  6. 6. Floor In –charge/Area in charge Know your area, the people in it, and at least two safe exits. Guide / direct the patient, relatives, visitors and the staff to evacuate their respective floor smoothly when code Orange is announced. Nursing Supervisor Assess and liaise with the involved department floor in charge/Area In charge. Communicate with the head of the Hospital, Health and safety Coordinator, FMS manager and floor in charge/Area Incharge in other floor update them about the situation. Fire Marshal Is a trained fire fighter. Last person to leave the floor. Lead occupants to the corridor and wait for the announcement/instruction.
  7. 7. MEP Team Responsible to isolate the medical gas service / provide gas cylinders when contacted by Safe Room In charge or any Floor In charge. Clinical Engineering Team Provide Medical equipment if contacted by ERT members. Call Center officer Can announce code Red if they receive instruction from any ERT member, They also contact Fire Marshal / Bio Medical Engineer / QHSE Officer /Risk Manager / Civil Defense as and when required.
  8. 8. QHSE Officer Provide fire training to staff, conduct periodic evacuation drill, supports ERT members when there is any an Emergency (Internal disaster). Initiate oversee the investigation and for the reason also coordinate with Civil defense / Police Security Officer Security staff on duty (within the building) to coordinate with other ERT members and provide necessary support as well as isolate/evacuate / restrict entry to the building. Security staff on duty (Out side the building) to coordinate with other ERT members and stop the entry of vehicle / patient / visitor to the hospital premises and also coordinate with the Police / Civil Defense.
  9. 9. FMS Manager FMS Manager will investigate the reason & severity of the incident in coordination with the QHSE Officer / Engineering Department . HSE Officer and Risk Manager shall share their responsibilities when either of the one is on leave.
  10. 10. FIRE INTRODUCTION ABOUT FIRE • What is Fire? –Fire is basically a chemical reaction combining three elements: Fuel, Heat and Oxygen.
  11. 11. The Fire Triangle Proportional Ratio
  12. 12. The Fire on the candle goes off when it is covered by something…….. Why ? Because the Oxygen is not there. it means if one of the element from the fire triangle is removed, the fire goes off. E.g. 1
  13. 13. TYPES OF FIRE • Class A – Normal Combustibles • Class B – Flammable Liquids • Class C – Electrical Circuits, switchboards, office equipment • Class D – Combustible Metals such as sodium, potassium and magnesium • Class E –Class F / k – Cooking fats and oils
  14. 14. Classification / Types of Fire • wood • cloth • paper • rubber • many plastics • gasoline • oil • grease • tar • oil-based paint • Lacquer ( varnish ) Extinguished using Water, DCP Extinguished using DCP & CO2
  15. 15. DRY POWDER
  16. 16. CLASS K FIRES • Recently recognized by NFPA 10. • Fires involving combustible vegetable or animal non-saturated cooking fats in commercial cooking equipment. Extinguished using Fire Blanket & CO2
  17. 17. COMMON REASONS FOR ELECTRICAL FIRE Overloaded Plug point Overloaded Adaptors Short circuit Pest Intervention Unorganized cabling Extension Board abuseExposed live wire
  18. 18. EARLY DETECTION & FIRE CONTROL Fire Detection & Alarm System which includes - Detectors smoke, heat & Gas - Manual Call Point (Break Glass / Press Here) - Fire alarm Bell - Fire Alarm Zone/Master Panels 20
  19. 19. Fire Suppression system which includes - Fire Extinguishers - Fire Blanket - Fire Hose reel - Sprinkler System - Fire Hydrant (Dry Riser)
  20. 20. Fire Extinguisher Anatomy DISCHARGE HOSE DISCHARGE NOZZLE DISCHARGE ORIFICE BODY DATA PLATE CARRYING HANDLE PRESSURE GAUGE (for the permanent pressure fire extinguishers) DISCHARGE LEVER DISCHARGE LOCKING PIN AND SEAL
  21. 21. TYPES OF EXTINGUISHERS Foam Extinguisher • suitable for class B Fires & Kitchen fires Dry Powder Extinguisher (Universal extinguisher) Carbon Dioxide Extinguisher (Electrical Fire) Duration of extinguisher: 20 -30 sec 28 “FIRE PREVENTION” IS BETTER THAN “FIRE -FIGHTING”
  22. 22. Fighting the Fire Sweep side to side Aim low at the base of flames Squeeze the handle Pull the pinP A S S
  23. 23. WHAT TO DO IN CASE OF A FIRE •RACE: R – Rescue A – Alarm C – Confine the fire E – Extinguish (if trained) and evacuate 30
  24. 24. WHAT TO DO IN CASE OF A FIRE On discovering or suspecting a fire Rescue -yourself & the nearby patient Alarm- locate the break glass to initiate fire alarm; or shout “FIRE, FIRE, FIRE “loudly at the top of your voice Large Fire -Get to the nearest telephone line, announce CODE RED and specify the location of the fire Confine the fire- shut doors, remove flammable material away on exiting –if possible –ie waster paper bins Extinguish/Evacuate-Use the right extinguisher to put out the fire –only use if trained. Find nearer safe exit from the building & leave if advised.
  25. 25. WHAT TO DO IN CASE OF A FIRE •Break the Glass Raise the Alarm .
  26. 26. Emergency Telephone Numbers Code Red : 7666 Or Emergency Services namely Police – 999 Ambulance – 998 Civil defense – 997 Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) – 991
  27. 27. Provide Information Your name Location Type of Fire Size of Fire Who else is there with you?
  28. 28. ERT team on hearing announcement Code red/Code orange will take charge of the situation to evacuate the area / floor . The people evacuated from each floor should assemble at the nearest Fire Assembly point to follow the instructions. Once evacuated the building , the reentering will be subject to the clearance by ERT- QHSE officer / FMS Manager / Govt authority .
  29. 29. Before evacuating a room or block, close the windows and door behind you
  30. 30. Emergency Exits: •There are 26 emergency exits doors Here in PH from rooftop to Basement 2 and 8 exit doors identified to exit from the building in case of emergency. •There are floor plan & exit directional signage's provided in all floors to reach the final exit in the ground floor leading to the Assembly points
  31. 31. EMERGENCY EVACUATION GUIDELINES • Code ORANGE is the Emergency Evacuation Code • ERT Team take charge of the situation upon Code ORANGE • Follow the RACE procedure. • Evacuate the premises through the nearest emergency exit to the assigned assembly points. • Never use Elevator to escape. • Do not panic, Stay calm, Give clear & exact direction. • Don’t run during evacuation time. • Assemble at the assembly points till head count is completed and final clearance is given to re-enter in to the building. 38
  32. 32. ASSEMBLY POINT s 39 - Infront of the hospital, near to valet parking area
  33. 33. • The ERT conducts Evacuation Drill regularly. Please attend these Fire Drills. • The use of Fire Extinguisher is demonstrated to all staff at the assembly point as part of the Fire safety training /Drill. MOCK EVACUATION DRILL
  34. 34. Central Medical Gas Supply – Area Alarm Panel Area Alarm Panel monitors various gas pressures (O2, N2O, Air 4 Bar,Air 7 Bar, Vacuum) of the area and gives an alarm if detected below or above set pressures
  35. 35. AVSU – Area Valve Service Units Area Valve Service Units – These need to be closed in case of a major leakage or fire (after ensuring the availability of portable oxygen cylinders for patients)
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