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AD CC and Me: Lessons Learned in Video Accessibility

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AD CC and Me: Lessons Learned in Video Accessibility

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"If accessibility is about inclusion, videos about accessibility should be too." Part case study, part primer. Lessons learned while making "The Viking and The Lumberjack", an accessible video web series.

Learn how V&L filmed, edited, added audio description, and captions to their series.

Seriously, if these two can do it, anyone can!

Originally presented at CSUN 2016.

"If accessibility is about inclusion, videos about accessibility should be too." Part case study, part primer. Lessons learned while making "The Viking and The Lumberjack", an accessible video web series.

Learn how V&L filmed, edited, added audio description, and captions to their series.

Seriously, if these two can do it, anyone can!

Originally presented at CSUN 2016.

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AD CC and Me: Lessons Learned in Video Accessibility

  1. 1. Lessons Learned in DIY Video Accessibility @TheBillyGregory
  2. 2. @TheBillyGregory Full Disclosure • This is a story about how we made V&L accessible • I am not an expert on this subject matter • I’m going to be 100% honest about how we make V&L • A lot of this info came from listening to our viewers (or a Lumberjack) Not an expert …and not being jerks
  3. 3. @VandLShow
  4. 4. Highway to Help
  5. 5. Hey… wanna be on the internet?… @KarlGroves Making the Video
  6. 6. In the beginning…
  7. 7. we went broke.
  8. 8. #a11y Deeds Done Dirt Cheap
  9. 9. Costa Rica Rebranding #a11y
  10. 10. CSUN ‘15 Real World #a11y
  11. 11. All Over Useless #a11y
  12. 12. Get Your Accessibility For
  13. 13. Editing
  14. 14. You THAT!
  15. 15. Audio Description
  16. 16. • Audio Description is an audio-only track • Synchronous with the video • Describes necessary visual content • Usually delivered during pauses in dialogue • Supports comprehension for users who cannot see the video What is AD?
  17. 17. Robert Pearson https://www.gofundme.com/robertpearson July 8th, 1976 – December 26th, 2015
  18. 18. Shout it out loud {“Shout it out loud” by KISS plays}
  19. 19. Chaos AD
  20. 20. Be consistent in use of names, character references, location descriptions, etc.AD*BP Always “Billy” Always “Karl”
  21. 21. Describe any obvious emotional states but do not interpret them.AD*BP
  22. 22. Closed Captioning
  23. 23. What is CC? • Text equivalent of spoken words or meaningful sounds in video content • Allows people with hearing loss or deafness to get equal access to information • Also, provides additional benefitsadditional benefits
  24. 24. Additional Benefits “Friends with”?…
  25. 25. CC*BP • Short phrases • Speakers identified • Punctuation to clarify meaning • Correct spelling • Sufficient contrast between text and background
  26. 26. Adding Captions
  27. 27. Adding Captions
  28. 28. Adding Captions
  29. 29. Adding Captions
  30. 30. BG*CC Tips • Be careful with the arrow keys • Save often • Do NOT trust the auto-captions
  31. 31. Courtesy of @PatrickDunphy
  32. 32. Courtesy of @PatrickDunphy
  33. 33. If You Build It…
  34. 34. Looking ahead
  35. 35. Thanks! @TheBillyGregory

Editor's Notes

  • We’re all adults, right? This is also talk about making videos on the internet… there’s not way we, as a group, won’t make at least 1 reference to “other” types of videos on the internet. But I assure you there is nothing in here that offended me. Read into that however you’d like.
  • This is me, you can follow me on twitter
    I am not an expert
    But I am going to be 100% honest about V&L video creation
    ⁃ successes and failures
    - some of this info might be wrong. I’m just telling you what we do.
    a lot of this talk came from listening to our viewers
    ⁃ and, you know, not being dicks
    I should also mention that most of our videos live on YouTube so this walk will be mostly about that
  • • Background info on the series / what we’re about etc
    • mike saw Karl and I talk at CSUN, it was awful but Karl and I recovered by bantering for a hour about nothing
    • Instead of firing us, he gave us series
    • We wanted to be Key & Peele - blew entire budget on first episode
    • if we wanted to do more we had to be creative
    • couldn’t - in good faith - release episodes for a series about a11y w/o being accessible
    • So we did it ourselves.
    • Since episode 2, V&L is 100%
    • written
    • shot
    • edited
    • captioned
    • described
    • … by V&L
  • and by “accessible” we mean
    Audio Description and Closed Captions
    so think of this as less of a “how to”
    and more of a case study
  • I want to talk a bit about how we make our videos
    not to glorify what we do, but to explain our process a bit
  • Our first two episodes had a budget

  • we filmed these in a real studio with real cameras and all that
  • Then we went broke
  • ⁃ shoot where/when we can
    ⁃ we film on a tight budget and even tighter timelines
    ⁃ We couldn’t be more low-tech if we tried
  • our first attempt at DIY was in Costa rica
    we used a GoPro and an iPhone
  • CSUN we used Mike’s suite
    we tried to use a script
    it didn’t work, it was awkward
  • Really awkward.
  • latest episode was filmed between August and November in
    Vienna, Budapest, Denver, Toronto
    filmed with an iPhone on a selfie stick
  • 5 episodes, filmed in 5 countries - literally hundreds of views
    we got a little bit better every time and over time, 1 thing became clear
    Something we’ve always known, and we say to our customers all the time
    I’m surprised it took us this long to realize, since it’s the same basic principle as web a11y
  • ⁃ film somewhere quiet or with minimal BG noise
    ⁃ describe as much in your script as possible
    ⁃ leave room when filming to describe later
    ⁃ Think about all this stuff, plan for it
    ⁃ you’ll thank yourself when it’s time to
  • This is where the fun begins, we do all out own editing in iMovie
  • • shoot lots of takes
    ⁃ in case we can’t use because of BG noise / mumbling
    • use the takes that
    ⁃ are funny
    ⁃ easy to understand
    ⁃ require the least amount of AD
  • Sign off from Mike
    Too many “adult” jokes / re-edit
    YouTube doesn’t have the ability to offer multiple audio tracks
    you have to create 2 versions
    We found it was very important to make both versions the same length
    for reasons I’ll get to in a bit
  • Described Video
    this is nothing new, Joe Clark wrote about it as far back as 2001
    AMI have a great BP section if you google it
    http://www.ami.ca/media-accessibility/Pages/Described-Video-Best-Practices.aspx
  • Speaking of AMI, when I first wanted to add AD to V&L, I reached out to one man first
  • I’d be remiss not to mention Rob here
    He helped me so much in understanding AD and how best to go about it
    Go fund me account
    Rob actually helped me understand one basic principle when it came to AD…
  • Just tell people what they need to know
  • if you talk too long / too much it’s too confusing
  • Preference is to describe facial gesture rather than guess at emotion.
  • These guys (Netflix) took a LOT of flack about their lack of AD
  • Mostly because of this show (Daredevil)
    Blind super hero show that isn’t accessible to blind viewers
  • these days there AD is top notch
    Sina Bahram mentioned just yesterday that the are the best
    they don’t downplay, they tailor AD to the audience
  • Sometimes you have to use the standard approach. to AD
    this is an example of our standard AD, it’s a scene from our latest video
  • in other cases we were able to work it into the script.
    having AD makes videos more accessible
    AD as part of the script makes it more inclusive
  • CC isn’t just for deaf viewers
    Karl and I talked about this in Episode 3 “Rebranding a11y” where we thought it really should be called “Do not disturb” mode
  • There are plenty of services
    for the V&L Hangouts (Friday at noon - location TBA!)
    we use ACS (Alternative Communication Services)
    TV Worldwide did the first couple
    We were too broke to hire anyone so we used
  • First we upload the video
    then YouTube will generate the auto-captions - and we’ll get back to them
    this can take a couple minutes to appear
  • Now we want to go into the English (automatic)
    and we can see how google has generated the text
    we can see they aren’t perfect, so let’s clean them up a bit
  • once we click “edit” and we can now edit the text blocks
    we can also click / drag those rectangles
    or drag the edges to these rectangles to lengthen or shorten the amount of time they are displayed on screen
    once they are done, we can hit publish
  • now we can see our cleaned up captions
    remember when I mentioned how we wanted to keep our videos the same length?
    here’s why
    we’re going to add captions to our AD version
  • to do this, we’re first going to export the captions from the first version
    which caption type doesn’t really matter here
  • and we’re going to add them to our AD version
  • Be careful with the arrow keys
    Save often
    Do NOT trust the auto-captions
  • I mumble, I get it.
  • I mumble, I get it.
  • now… I’m not gonna say that she didn’t win because of this video but…
  • now… I’m not gonna say that she didn’t win because of this video but…
  • make episode 1 available
    eliminate the need for AD in all our videos
    keep making V&L vids for whoever watches them
  • ×