HSA Review:  Unit Three
What’s the Difference? <ul><li>Political Parties </li></ul><ul><li>*Def:  Group that seeks to reach power in a govt. by wi...
Democrats vs. Republicans <ul><li>* Democrats: ( liberal ) </li></ul><ul><li>- favors an  expanding govt. role  in economy...
Third  Political  Parties <ul><li>* Third Parties:  any  political party other than the 2 major parties </li></ul><ul><li>...
What is the  Media ? <ul><li>* Definition:  all  means of communicating messages to reach public </li></ul><ul><li>- TV, I...
Media in Political Campaigns <ul><li>* Candidates use the </li></ul><ul><li>media to  persuade </li></ul><ul><li>people’s ...
Public Opinion <ul><li>* Definition:  the ideas & attitudes people have about government & political issues </li></ul><ul>...
The Campaign  for Votes <ul><li>*  The “Campaign”:  when candidates present their positions to voters—seeking as many vote...
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HSA Review: Unit Three

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HSA Review: Unit Three

  1. 1. HSA Review: Unit Three
  2. 2. What’s the Difference? <ul><li>Political Parties </li></ul><ul><li>*Def: Group that seeks to reach power in a govt. by winning elections </li></ul><ul><li>* Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>- Democrats </li></ul><ul><li>- Republicans </li></ul><ul><li>- Green Party </li></ul><ul><li>- Constitution Party </li></ul><ul><li>Political Interest Groups </li></ul><ul><li>*Def: Groups that lobby ( influence) the govt. to help their specific cause </li></ul><ul><li>- Lobbying Example: NAACP member persuades Congressman to support bill </li></ul><ul><li>* Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>- National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) </li></ul><ul><li>- American Association for Retired Persons (AARP) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Democrats vs. Republicans <ul><li>* Democrats: ( liberal ) </li></ul><ul><li>- favors an expanding govt. role in economy & social programs = More money for entitlement programs </li></ul><ul><li>* Republicans: ( conservative ) </li></ul><ul><li>- favor cutting taxes & little govt. role in economy and social programs = less money for entitlement programs </li></ul>Left vs. Right
  4. 4. Third Political Parties <ul><li>* Third Parties: any political party other than the 2 major parties </li></ul><ul><li>* Why 3 rd Parties Start? </li></ul><ul><li>(1) emphasize issues ignored by major parties </li></ul><ul><li>(2) major parties eventually include these ignored issues in later elections </li></ul>* Rarely Win : (1) “winner takes all” system  winner takes a state’s entire electoral votes—no points for 2 nd or 3 rd place! (2) rarely have enough money to compete with Dems & Reps
  5. 5. What is the Media ? <ul><li>* Definition: all means of communicating messages to reach public </li></ul><ul><li>- TV, Internet, Radio, Newspapers, Magazines </li></ul><ul><li>* Nickname: “The 4 th Branch of Government” </li></ul><ul><li> B/C of big influence on Govt. actions and people’s beliefs </li></ul>
  6. 6. Media in Political Campaigns <ul><li>* Candidates use the </li></ul><ul><li>media to persuade </li></ul><ul><li>people’s opinions of </li></ul><ul><li>themselves and </li></ul><ul><li>opponents </li></ul><ul><li> Ads costs lots of $ </li></ul><ul><li> Candidates spend lots of time raising money to fund the expensive ads </li></ul>
  7. 7. Public Opinion <ul><li>* Definition: the ideas & attitudes people have about government & political issues </li></ul><ul><li>* Best Method of Discovering Public Opinion: </li></ul><ul><li>- Polls: ask a small number of people a series of questions—results show public’s attitudes </li></ul><ul><li>* Why do you think candidates and elected officials track public opinion polls so closely? </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Campaign for Votes <ul><li>* The “Campaign”: when candidates present their positions to voters—seeking as many votes as possible </li></ul><ul><li>A. Campaign </li></ul><ul><li>Requirements: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Organization </li></ul><ul><li>2. Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>3. Money </li></ul><ul><li>4. Positive public image </li></ul><ul><li>5. Media exposure </li></ul><ul><li>B. Funding Campaigns: </li></ul><ul><li>- People can give up to $2,000 to a candidate </li></ul><ul><li>- No donation limits when giving $ directly to political parties </li></ul><ul><li>- Political Action Committee (PAC): organizations that collect $  give funds to candidates, $5,000 limit per candidate </li></ul>

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