The Trinity

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The Trinity

  1. 1. THE TRINITY“It is not a case of artificially weaving these persons into his [Paul’s] presentation; it israther that his consciousness is so formed byand to faith in the triune God that he cannot but express himself in these terms” (John Murray) NIV Commetary, Romans 15:17-19
  2. 2. “One God who exists as three distinct Persons” “God is One – monotheism – by virtue of the common essence orsubstance, and three by virtue of the distinction of the personswithin the Godhead” (Olson 2002, 138).
  3. 3. Jesus is God: Four Pieces of Evidence1. His remarkable claims (3)2. Constantly given the title “Lord”3. referred to as God4. OT/NT Refs.  God/Jesus
  4. 4. “We have almost forgotten that God isa person and, as such, can be cultivated as any person can” (Tozer 2002, 4) Draper, Edythe. 2002. The Pursuit of God, The Pursuit of Man: Devotional Readings by A. W. Tozer. Camp Hill, PA: Christian Publications.
  5. 5. The Holy Spirit is God: Evidence from Scripture1. His Full Title2. Referred to as “the Spirit of God” in both OT & NT3. NT writers’ use of OT passages
  6. 6. The Holy Spirit is God: Evidence from Scripture4. Paul’s uses interchangeably “God,” “Christ,” & “Spirit”5. OT/NT Place Spirit lives
  7. 7. The Holy Spirit is Personal.-- “Has all the qualities we usually associate with persons” (except …..)-- Constantly spoken of in personal terms.
  8. 8. The Holy Spirit’s activities in the Bible are those we associate with persons: 1. Intelligence 2. Feelings 3. Will
  9. 9. The Personal Nature of the Holy Spirit. -- Significant passages-- Metaphors for Spirit vs. Paul’s avoidance of such
  10. 10. The Holy Spirit is a distinct person from God the Father.-- Strongest possible evidence: The many biblical passages that refer to each of the three persons, with each having a distinctive role in our salvation.
  11. 11. Increasing a Trinitarian understanding in the Bible-- Language and ideas constantly appear. -- Word not used in the Bible.-- Experience led in this direction.
  12. 12. “It is not a case of artificially weavingthese persons into his presentation; it is rather that his consciousness is so formed by and to faith in the triuneGod that he cannot but express himself in these terms” (John Murray) NIV Commetary, Romans 15:17-19
  13. 13. Points for Clarification (3): 1. The unity of the Trinity 2. The submission of Jesus to the Father; the submission of the Spirit to the Father and to the Son3. Glimpses of the Trinity in the Old Testament
  14. 14. Two Heresies:1. Arianism2. Modalism
  15. 15. Trinitariograms: 1. Hierarchy 2. Origin3. Communal Unity
  16. 16. The Trinity: Does it all make sense?1. The personality of God 2. The love of God
  17. 17. Does it all make sense?3. The correspondence of the Trinity to our basic needs: a. We need a point of reference. b. We need a role model. c. We need a facilitator to help us get there.
  18. 18. Three final thoughts1.Focus on unity and diversity. 2.We long for community!3.A theology of the Trinity = a theology of relationships
  19. 19. Does it all make sense?Understanding only grows with study and experience . . . as in any relationship.

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